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Legal Status of EPT - Summary Totals
|I. Statutes/regs on health care providers’ authority to prescribe for STDs to a patient’s partner(s) w/out prior evaluation (Explanation)|
32 states feature one or more laws that permit or may facilitate certain health care practitioners to practice EPT.
Maryland permits EPT in Baltimore on a pilot basis.
23 states feature one or more laws that may limit the ability of some health care practitioners to conduct EPT.
|II. Specific judicial decisions concerning EPT (or like practices) (Explanation)|
6 states feature one or more judicial decisions that disallow prescriptions to persons without a physical examination or physician-patient relationship.
|III. Specific administrative opinions by the Attorney General or medical or pharmacy boards concerning EPT (or like practices) (Explanation)|
13 states feature an agency opinion that supports EPT or like practices.
13 states feature agency opinions that tend to prohibit EPT or like practices.
|IV. Laws that incorporate via reference guidelines as acceptable practices (including EPT) (Explanation)|
9 states have incorporated via reference CDC’s STD Treatment Guidelines.
14 states have incorporated via reference APHA’s CCD Manual.
5 states have incorporated via reference the AAP Red Book.
6 states have incorporated via reference other guidelines or recommendations.
|V. Prescription requirements (Explanation)|
36 states feature laws that require some patient identifying information on the prescription order or label.
11 states’ laws do not require patient identifying information on prescription order or label.
12 states have statutory provisions prohibiting pharmacists from dispensing medications to individuals who have not undergone a physical examination, failed to establish a physician-patient relationship, or who are not the ultimate user (i.e., a third-party) pursuant to a valid prescription.
|VI. Assessment of EPT’s legal status with brief comments (Explanation)|
EPT is permissible in 37 states, the District of Columbia, and Baltimore, Maryland.
EPT is potentially allowable in 9 states and Puerto Rico.
EPT is likely prohibited in 4 states.
|Status as of January 1, 2015|
|EPT is permissible in 37 states:||EPT is potentially allowable in 9 states:||EPT is prohibited in 4 states:|
EPT is permissible in the District of Columbia.
EPT is potentially allowable in Puerto Rico.
* Exception: EPT is permissible in Baltimore, Maryland