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CDC Science Clips: Volume 5, Issue 6, February 11, 2013

 

Firsts come first in this week's Science Clips featured articles. CI Bandea and colleagues report the development of highly sensitive and specific PCR assays for the detection of Trichomonas vaginalis in urine. The initial report in the United States of human infection with the zoonotic parasite Onchocerca lupi is documented by a group of investigators led by ML Eberhard. PA Kristiansen, along with an international group of authors, provides the first evidence of a herd immunity effect of the serogroup A meningococcal conjugate vaccine MenAfriVac.

Infectious and non-infectious health conditions need not be completely novel for us to learn more about them through surveillance and research. In a report in the American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, OD Lorenzi et al report on the difficulty of differentiating dengue from influenza infections, and identify clinical criteria that may be used to distinguish between them. A re-analysis of a cluster randomized trial conducted in Pakistan finds that children under five are at increased risk of pneumonia following recent diarrheal illness, implying that interventions that reduce diarrhea might decrease lower respiratory illnesses as well. Following up to data published in MMWR in 2009, a group led by SJ Vagi reports on multistate surveillance for cases of neutropenia following exposure to illicit drugs potentially contaminated with levamisole. Finally, a "farm to table" investigation of an outbreak of Shiga toxin-producing E. coli associated with romaine lettuce was able to implicate a single lot of lettuce from a single farm.

Diverse and global issues in chronic disease assessment and control round out the features for this week. A non-CDC authored article by DE King and colleagues focuses on the health status of the "Baby Boom" generation in the United States. A case-control study led by JT Brophy finds evidence linking breast cancer with exposure to carcinogens and endocrine disrupting chemicals. Finally, Yu, Zhang, and Wang report on free provision of antihypertensive medications to selected patients in a Chinese province; their findings include improved patient adherence and reduced medical costs.

John Iskander
Editor, Science Clips


  1. Top Ten Articles of the Week
    Selected weekly by a senior CDC scientist from the standard sections listed below.
  2. CDC Authored Publications
    The names of CDC authors are indicated in bold text.
    Articles published in the past 6-8 weeks authored by CDC or ATSDR staff.
  3. Key Scientific Articles in Featured Topic Areas
    Subject matter experts decide what topic to feature, and articles are selected from the last 3 to 6 months of published literature. Key topic coincides monthly with other CDC products (e.g. Vital Signs).
  4. Public Health Articles Noted in the Media
    Articles about important public health topics that have been mentioned in the press.

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CDC Science Clips Production Staff
John Iskander, MD MPH, Editor
Rebecca Satterthwaite, MS, Librarian
Gail Bang, MLIS, Librarian
Deidre Thomas, MLS, Librarian
Kathleen Connick, MSLS, Librarian
Barbara Landreth, MLS, Librarian
Joseph Dunlap, Web Developer
Joe Bryce, Web Developer

____

DISCLAIMER: Articles listed in the CDC Science Clips are selected by the CDC Public Health Library and Information Center to provide current awareness of the public health literature. An article's inclusion does not necessarily represent the views of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention nor does it imply endorsement of the article's methods or findings. CDC and DHHS assume no responsibility for the factual accuracy of the items presented. The selection, omission, or content of items does not imply any endorsement or other position taken by CDC or DHHS. Opinion, findings and conclusions expressed by the original authors of items included in the Clips, or persons quoted therein, are strictly their own and are in no way meant to represent the opinion or views of CDC or DHHS. References to publications, news sources, and non-CDC Websites are provided solely for informational purposes and do not imply endorsement by CDC or DHHS.


 

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