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CDC Science Clips: July 2 - July 6

 
Vol. 4, Issue: 27, 7/9/12
 

Diverse aspects of public health harms related to tobacco lead off this week’s featured articles. After conducting a field investigation of Green Tobacco Sickness in Brazil, P Bartholomay and colleagues conclude that occupational health interventions are needed in tobacco-growing regions. In an analysis published in the American Journal of Public Health, MF Pesko, J Kruger and A Hyland find that adult smokers vary in their use of price minimization strategies, such as purchasing cigarettes in states with lower prices.

Environmental factors-broadly defined- may be of harm or benefit to the individual and to public health. According to data from NHANES, C Ayala and colleagues note that adults with hypertension who attempt to reduce their sodium intake still have average sodium consumption well above recommended levels.  While all-terrain vehicle (ATV) related deaths are increasing, data from JC Helmkamp and collaborators indicate that helmet-use requirements may be protective.

HIV and other bloodborne pathogens remain persistent concerns for both the public health and healthcare workforces. HIV posttest counseling either was not documented or did not occur in nearly half of more than 370,000 tests conducted at 24 health department STI clinics, according to E Begley and M Vanhandel. The economics of HIV testing is addressed by PG Farnham, SL Sansom and AB Hutchinson, who write that screening for HIV is cost-effective across a range of testing costs. Inadequate response to exposure to bloodborne pathogens might increase risk for healthcare workers employed in dialysis facilities, according to a policy and practice assessment undertaken by C Mbaeyi et al.

An infectious disease potpourri concludes Science Clips features for the week. An evaluation of the ArboNET surveillance system, led by NP Lindsey, has resulted in technical improvements and revised case definitions. MH Diaz and JM Winchell report development of real-time PCR for detection of the respiratory pathogens Mycoplasma pneumoniae and Chlamydophila pneumoniae. An investigation of use of the antibiotic metronidazole during pregnancy by CA Koss et al reassuringly found no association with adverse birth outcomes.

John Iskander

Editor, Science Clips


Science Clips is a service of the CDC Public Health Library and Information Center and CDC's Office of the Chief Science Officer.


The Science Clips is in the public domain and may be freely forwarded and reproduced without permission. The original sources and the CDC Science Clips should be cited as sources. Articles featured in Science Clips may be in-press or uncorrected proofs.

For assistance in obtaining copies of these articles, contact the library at cdclibrary@cdc.gov or 404-639-1717. Please note that links below to CDC licensed materials are available only through the Intranet and may go through the SFX server. From the SFX window, just click on the full-text link to reach the full-text.

 
  1. Top Ten Articles of the Week
    Selected weekly by a senior CDC scientist from the standard sections listed below.
  2. CDC Authored Publications
    The names of CDC authors are indicated in bold text.
    Articles published in the past 6-8 weeks authored by CDC or ATSDR staff.
  3. Key Scientific Articles in Featured Topic Areas
    Subject matter experts decide what topic to feature, and articles are selected from the last 3 to 6 months of published literature. Key topic coincides monthly with other CDC products (e.g. Vital Signs).
  4. Public Health Articles Noted in the Media
    Articles about important public health topics that have been mentioned in the press.

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CDC Science Clips Production Staff
John Iskander, MD MPH, Editor
Rebecca Satterthwaite, MS, Librarian
Gail Bang, MLIS, Librarian
Deidre Thomas, MLS, Librarian
Kathleen Connick, MSLS, Librarian
Joseph Dunlap, Web Developer

____

DISCLAIMER: Articles listed in the CDC Science Clips are selected by the CDC Public Health Library and Information Center to provide current awareness of the public health literature. An article's inclusion does not necessarily represent the views of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention nor does it imply endorsement of the article's methods or findings. CDC and DHHS assume no responsibility for the factual accuracy of the items presented. The selection, omission, or content of items does not imply any endorsement or other position taken by CDC or DHHS. Opinion, findings and conclusions expressed by the original authors of items included in the Clips, or persons quoted therein, are strictly their own and are in no way meant to represent the opinion or views of CDC or DHHS. References to publications, news sources, and non-CDC Websites are provided solely for informational purposes and do not imply endorsement by CDC or DHHS.


 

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