Table 20D
2011 Pregnancy Nutrition Surveillance (1)
Nation
Summary of Trends in Maternal Health Indicators by Race/Ethnicity


Summary of Trends in Maternal Health Indicators by Race/Ethnicity (2)
Prepregnancy BMI (3)
Race/Ethnicity Year

Number Included
in Analysis

Underweight
%

Overweight
%

White, Not Hispanic 2011 395,327 5.1

51.5

2010 458,478 5.2

51.2

2009 508,573 5.4

50.4

2008 512,524 5.6

50.0

2007 488,464 5.7

49.3

2006 444,976 5.9

48.5

2005 388,163 6.1

48.3

2004 377,644 6.5

47.3

2003 340,764 6.7

47.1

2002 330,009 7.0

46.2

 
Black, Not Hispanic 2011 202,870 3.8

59.3

2010 251,944 3.8

58.7

2009 295,803 3.9

58.4

2008 296,426 4.0

57.8

2007 273,054 3.9

57.4

2006 243,793 4.0

57.0

2005 186,562 3.9

57.3

2004 181,769 4.1

56.8

2003 170,722 4.2

56.2

2002 162,386 4.4

55.4

 
Hispanic 2011 290,441 3.5

55.4

2010 324,694 3.4

54.7

2009 349,634 3.2

54.3

2008 346,571 3.4

53.0

2007 329,374 3.6

51.6

2006 313,181 3.7

50.3

2005 161,123 3.1

50.6

2004 169,941 3.4

49.6

2003 147,927 3.1

49.8

2002 131,847 3.3

48.6

 
American Indian/Alaska Native 2011 10,987 2.9

62.4

2010 11,593 2.9

62.2

2009 13,631 3.1

60.2

2008 12,176 3.4

58.3

2007 13,512 3.5

58.7

2006 12,171 3.5

57.3

2005 10,267 3.5

59.3

2004 10,926 3.5

58.3

2003 9,096 3.8

59.2

2002 8,211 3.9

59.5

 
Asian/Pacific Islander 2011 35,855 9.2

30.7

2010 37,908 8.7

31.9

2009 39,895 9.4

30.5

2008 38,549 9.5

28.8

2007 37,961 9.7

28.1

2006 34,087 10.0

28.0

2005 20,311 9.9

30.7

2004 18,103 9.5

30.8

2003 16,573 10.2

29.7

2002 18,128 9.8

33.0

 
Multiple Races 2011 14,491 4.8

52.5

2010 14,479 4.8

52.4

2009 14,784 4.5

51.8

2008 13,264 4.5

50.6

2007 11,339 4.5

49.6

2006 10,020 5.1

48.2

2005 4,516 5.0

49.7

2004 3,351 5.3

46.7

2003 2,323 5.1

46.6

2002 0 *

*

 
All Other/Unknown 2011 3,711 5.0

49.0

2010 7,274 5.1

49.1

2009 4,555 5.4

48.5

2008 5,726 4.6

49.2

2007 20,916 3.1

55.0

2006 21,301 3.2

53.7

2005 29,528 3.8

51.3

2004 30,290 3.7

50.9

2003 9,627 5.2

44.9

2002 7,692 5.6

44.5

 
Total All Race/Ethnic Groups 2011 953,682 4.5

53.7

2010 1,106,370 4.5

53.4

2009 1,226,875 4.5

52.9

2008 1,225,236 4.7

52.2

2007 1,174,620 4.7

51.3

2006 1,079,529 4.8

50.5

2005 800,470 5.0

50.7

2004 792,024 5.2

49.9

2003 697,032 5.3

49.6

2002 658,273 5.7

48.7

Weight Gain (4)
Race/Ethnicity Year

Number Included
in Analysis

< Ideal
%

> Ideal
%

White, Not Hispanic 2011 311,094 18.5

51.7

2010 358,517 18.7

51.9

2009 387,972 18.4

52.6

2008 409,218 18.3

52.9

2007 387,977 18.4

53.1

2006 366,433 18.1

53.6

2005 327,091 19.2

52.8

2004 314,373 19.1

52.9

2003 294,289 18.9

53.1

2002 279,963 19.5

52.4

 
Black, Not Hispanic 2011 150,807 23.2

47.8

2010 185,158 23.7

47.7

2009 207,472 23.0

48.3

2008 221,540 23.5

48.0

2007 203,203 23.7

48.0

2006 192,786 23.7

48.2

2005 151,498 24.9

47.8

2004 144,899 24.9

47.8

2003 143,714 24.2

48.7

2002 134,009 24.8

48.1

 
Hispanic 2011 203,442 22.6

44.5

2010 234,678 23.4

43.6

2009 263,513 23.5

43.1

2008 275,797 23.8

43.1

2007 262,007 23.2

44.0

2006 248,904 23.3

44.0

2005 130,420 25.5

42.4

2004 132,284 25.0

43.4

2003 124,846 24.7

43.8

2002 109,768 25.4

42.8

 
American Indian/Alaska Native 2011 8,363 20.2

49.9

2010 9,176 20.6

50.2

2009 10,573 20.9

50.5

2008 9,613 21.1

50.2

2007 10,854 20.3

50.8

2006 9,697 20.6

51.2

2005 7,347 22.5

48.9

2004 8,009 23.5

49.9

2003 6,638 25.3

47.9

2002 5,974 25.4

48.1

 
Asian/Pacific Islander 2011 30,302 26.3

32.3

2010 31,423 26.6

33.5

2009 32,601 26.6

33.4

2008 32,534 27.0

32.8

2007 32,006 26.6

34.6

2006 28,574 27.0

34.0

2005 17,085 28.2

36.5

2004 14,994 27.9

37.2

2003 14,416 26.7

37.7

2002 15,294 24.5

42.3

 
Multiple Races 2011 11,633 18.7

52.9

2010 11,607 19.2

52.2

2009 11,910 19.4

53.2

2008 10,701 19.1

53.7

2007 9,210 18.5

53.6

2006 8,361 18.2

53.9

2005 3,791 17.8

57.1

2004 2,876 14.0

61.5

2003 2,096 15.6

60.4

2002 0 *

*

 
All Other/Unknown 2011 2,458 22.1

48.7

2010 5,368 20.9

50.2

2009 2,991 19.9

50.0

2008 4,117 21.8

49.0

2007 15,636 25.8

44.0

2006 16,023 25.2

44.6

2005 23,592 25.5

44.9

2004 24,204 25.4

44.5

2003 7,957 22.6

46.1

2002 6,414 22.7

45.3

 
Total All Race/Ethnic Groups 2011 718,099 21.0

48.0

2010 835,927 21.5

48.0

2009 917,032 21.2

48.2

2008 963,520 21.4

48.3

2007 920,893 21.4

48.6

2006 870,778 21.3

48.8

2005 660,824 22.2

48.9

2004 641,639 22.1

49.1

2003 593,956 21.7

49.6

2002 551,422 22.2

49.0

Anemia (Low Hb/Hct) (5)
Race/Ethnicity Year

3rd Trimester Number
Included in Analysis

3rd Trimester
%

Postpartum Number
Included in Analysis

Postpartum
%

White, Not Hispanic 2011 61,050 27.0 128,360 21.5
2010 69,253 26.8 157,669 21.7
2009 80,206 27.2 187,188 22.1
2008 79,219 27.6 192,987 22.7
2007 76,507 27.7 191,102 23.2
2006 67,339 26.6 165,422 22.5
2005 58,473 26.2 147,166 22.9
2004 57,796 25.8 140,347 22.7
2003 48,906 25.9 139,520 23.2
2002 49,549 25.8 135,102 22.1
 
Black, Not Hispanic 2011 35,099 49.5 48,763 46.1
2010 41,935 49.4 65,119 44.2
2009 49,259 49.5 81,015 46.0
2008 48,434 48.6 79,912 46.7
2007 44,783 48.2 76,155 46.2
2006 38,977 45.8 61,856 45.5
2005 31,233 44.5 52,521 44.5
2004 31,528 44.5 51,307 43.9
2003 27,540 43.8 50,888 43.5
2002 27,471 45.5 46,831 43.6
 
Hispanic 2011 36,980 30.8 84,720 28.7
2010 42,661 30.9 101,023 28.2
2009 48,945 29.9 118,777 28.0
2008 48,399 30.2 120,748 29.4
2007 44,772 30.3 120,657 29.8
2006 42,664 29.5 108,848 29.9
2005 24,651 27.6 57,400 31.4
2004 28,500 27.4 50,192 30.5
2003 20,854 25.2 55,189 31.9
2002 20,092 26.4 47,547 29.5
 
American Indian/Alaska Native 2011 1,806 33.6 4,887 32.6
2010 1,861 35.0 5,206 31.1
2009 2,631 30.7 6,277 32.0
2008 2,342 34.0 5,187 35.1
2007 2,495 32.8 5,442 34.6
2006 2,056 32.7 4,251 34.3
2005 1,618 33.4 4,442 34.2
2004 1,794 29.7 4,926 32.7
2003 1,397 32.1 4,512 32.2
2002 1,355 31.6 4,114 32.3
 
Asian/Pacific Islander 2011 4,784 29.7 10,018 26.5
2010 5,363 28.3 11,064 25.3
2009 5,640 29.6 12,182 26.1
2008 5,422 29.0 11,724 27.0
2007 5,161 28.4 11,372 26.7
2006 4,674 27.7 10,143 27.2
2005 3,320 26.1 6,944 27.5
2004 3,013 26.4 6,686 25.5
2003 2,415 23.1 6,242 27.7
2002 2,889 25.5 6,882 30.7
 
Multiple Races 2011 2,185 31.3 4,843 24.6
2010 2,123 32.1 4,970 25.2
2009 2,397 32.2 5,390 26.1
2008 2,173 32.1 5,099 25.8
2007 1,854 32.0 4,341 27.1
2006 1,561 28.1 3,612 26.0
2005 638 29.8 1,826 24.3
2004 530 29.2 1,342 19.8
2003 319 27.9 912 19.6
2002 0 * 0 *
 
All Other/Unknown 2011 659 36.0 1,023 34.8
2010 1,005 32.3 1,930 28.3
2009 866 31.3 1,804 26.5
2008 1,088 29.4 1,974 28.4
2007 4,626 26.8 5,702 36.8
2006 4,413 26.9 5,136 35.6
2005 5,252 26.8 7,973 34.8
2004 5,709 24.7 8,984 30.8
2003 1,406 28.7 3,387 32.0
2002 1,328 29.0 2,795 28.0
 
Total All Race/Ethnic Groups 2011 142,563 33.8 282,614 28.3
2010 164,201 33.9 346,981 28.1
2009 189,944 33.9 412,633 28.8
2008 187,077 33.9 417,631 29.6
2007 180,198 33.5 414,771 29.8
2006 161,684 32.2 359,268 29.2
2005 125,185 31.2 278,272 29.4
2004 128,870 30.8 263,784 28.8
2003 102,837 30.6 260,650 29.4
2002 102,684 31.3 243,271 28.2
(1) Reporting period is January 1 through December 31.
(2) Excludes data with errors.
(3) Based on 2009 IOM report, "Weight Gain During Pregnancy": underweight (BMI <18.5), normal weight (BMI 18.5 to 24.9), overweight (BMI 25.0 to 29.9), obese (BMI >30.0).
(4) Based on 2009 IOM report, "Weight Gain During Pregnancy": underweight during pregnancy (ideal weight gain = 28 to 40 pounds), normal weight prepregnancy
 (ideal weight gain = 25 to 35 pounds), overweight prepregnancy (ideal weight gain = 15 to 25 pounds), obese prepregnancy (ideal weight gain = 11 to 20 pounds).
(5) Based on 1990 MMWR, "Recommendations to Prevent and Control Iron Deficiency in the United States"; adjusted for altitude and smoking.
* Percentages are not calculated if <100 records are available for analysis after exclusions.