Table 11D
2011 Pregnancy Nutrition Surveillance (1)
Nation
Smoking Indicators by Race/Ethnicity, Age, or Education


Smoking Indicators by Race/Ethnicity (2)
Smoking
Race/Ethnicity

3 Months
Prior to Pregnancy
Number Included
in Analysis

3 Months
Prior to Pregnancy
%

Last 3 Months
of Pregnancy
Number Included
in Analysis

Last 3 Months
of Pregnancy
%

White, Not Hispanic 325,202 37.7 296,553 22.0
Black, Not Hispanic 150,186 16.3 134,016 6.9
Hispanic 203,978 7.2 174,674 2.1
American Indian/Alaska Native 10,340 27.8 8,399 15.2
Asian/Pacific Islander 29,246 4.1 26,021 1.3
Multiple Races 11,149 34.1 10,084 18.2
All Other/Unknown 2,369 11.7 1,743 6.0
Total 732,470 23.2 651,490 12.5

Quit Smoking
By First Prenatal
Visit and Stayed Off
Cigarettes
(3)
Race/Ethnicity

Number Included
in Analysis

%

White, Not Hispanic 94,450 33.2
Black, Not Hispanic 18,398 50.6
Hispanic 10,091 60.8
American Indian/Alaska Native 1,928 37.8
Asian/Pacific Islander 924 59.5
Multiple Races 2,906 38.4
All Other/Unknown 165 43.0
Total 128,862 38.2

Smoking in Household
Race/Ethnicity

Prenatal Number
Included in Analysis

Prenatal
%

Postpartum Number
Included in Analysis

Postpartum
%

White, Not Hispanic 266,332 24.0 246,062 20.1
Black, Not Hispanic 124,384 13.7 100,365 13.9
Hispanic 199,180 6.2 147,606 6.4
American Indian/Alaska Native 8,165 12.1 7,081 9.8
Asian/Pacific Islander 25,040 5.3 14,303 6.4
Multiple Races 9,218 21.4 8,227 15.6
All Other/Unknown 1,641 11.3 1,256 8.1
Total 633,960 15.4 524,900 14.5

Smoking Indicators by Age (2)
Smoking
Age

3 Months
Prior to Pregnancy
Number Included
in Analysis

3 Months
Prior to Pregnancy
%

Last 3 Months
of Pregnancy
Number Included
in Analysis

Last 3 Months
of Pregnancy
%

< 15 Years 1,636 8.3 1,393 3.2
15 - 17 Years 34,062 18.6 29,749 8.1
18 - 19 Years 79,057 28.2 69,209 13.3
20 - 29 Years 436,672 25.4 390,436 13.8
30 - 39 Years 166,805 17.2 148,530 10.3
>= 40 Years 13,054 13.3 11,084 8.2
Unknown 1,184 13.7 1,089 6.4
Total 732,470 23.2 651,490 12.5

Quit Smoking
By First Prenatal
Visit and Stayed Off
Cigarettes
(3)
Age

Number Included
in Analysis

%

< 15 Years 111 52.3
15 - 17 Years 5,031 48.1
18 - 19 Years 17,691 43.4
20 - 29 Years 83,900 38.1
30 - 39 Years 20,873 32.6
>= 40 Years 1,120 27.9
Unknown 136 47.1
Total 128,862 38.2

Smoking in Household
Age

Prenatal Number
Included in Analysis

Prenatal
%

Postpartum Number
Included in Analysis

Postpartum
%

< 15 Years 1,600 26.4 1,244 22.1
15 - 17 Years 32,075 26.4 26,577 21.1
18 - 19 Years 72,116 24.8 60,018 20.1
20 - 29 Years 375,915 15.1 316,729 14.5
30 - 39 Years 140,549 9.2 111,648 10.1
>= 40 Years 10,636 8.2 7,775 9.0
Unknown 1,069 16.9 909 18.0
Total 633,960 15.4 524,900 14.5

Smoking Indicators by Education (2)
Smoking
Education

3 Months
Prior to Pregnancy
Number Included
in Analysis

3 Months
Prior to Pregnancy
%

Last 3 Months
of Pregnancy
Number Included
in Analysis

Last 3 Months
of Pregnancy
%

< High School 193,065 24.7 168,434 15.6
High School 318,298 25.4 286,218 13.7
> High School 172,718 18.6 153,712 8.4
Unknown 48,389 19.4 43,126 7.9
Total 732,470 23.2 651,490 12.5

Quit Smoking
By First Prenatal
Visit and Stayed Off
Cigarettes
(3)
Education

Number Included
in Analysis

%

< High School 35,836 30.5
High School 62,729 38.4
> High School 24,057 47.1
Unknown 6,240 47.1
Total 128,862 38.2

Smoking in Household
Education

Prenatal Number
Included in Analysis

Prenatal
%

Postpartum Number
Included in Analysis

Postpartum
%

< High School 185,843 18.2 152,214 16.3
High School 269,440 16.9 230,235 16.6
> High School 139,660 10.9 126,027 9.1
Unknown 39,017 7.8 16,424 7.8
Total 633,960 15.4 524,900 14.5
(1) Reporting period is January 1 through December 31.
(2) Excludes records with unknown data for smoking indicators, and data with errors for smoking and demographic indicators.
(3) Among women who smoked 3 months prior to pregnancy.
* Percentages are not calculated if <100 records are available for analysis after exclusions.