Table 18D
2011 Pediatric Nutrition Surveillance(1)
National
Summary of Trends in Growth and Anemia Indicators by Race/Ethnicity
Children Aged Less Than 5 years (2)

Summary of Trends in Growth and Anemia Indicators by Race/Ethnicity (3)
Birthweight (4)
Race/Ethnicity and Year

Number Included
in Analysis

Low
%
< 2500g

High
% > 4000g

White, Not Hispanic 2011 608,716 8.3

7.6

2010 658,601 8.5

7.5

2009 680,822 8.5

7.4

2008 661,826 8.6

7.4

2007 652,862 8.7

7.4

2006 627,003 8.9

7.4

2005 574,328 9.1

7.5

2004 629,412 8.8

7.8

2003 567,095 8.6

8.3

2002 522,252 8.4

8.8

 
Black, Not Hispanic 2011 377,884 13.1

4.0

2010 395,929 13.2

3.9

2009 412,064 13.2

3.9

2008 395,153 13.1

4.1

2007 406,203 13.4

4.1

2006 389,926 13.5

4.2

2005 330,923 13.6

4.4

2004 356,415 13.1

4.5

2003 318,381 12.9

4.8

2002 286,273 12.6

4.9

 
Hispanic 2011 619,148 7.2

6.7

2010 642,783 7.1

6.6

2009 699,770 7.0

6.7

2008 753,482 7.4

6.7

2007 745,854 7.3

6.6

2006 692,875 7.2

7.1

2005 548,820 7.4

7.1

2004 544,571 7.7

7.1

2003 522,353 7.3

7.5

2002 360,889 7.1

8.0

 
American Indian/Alaska Native 2011 17,197 7.9

8.9

2010 16,581 8.2

8.5

2009 17,239 8.0

8.9

2008 17,279 7.8

9.1

2007 17,832 7.9

8.7

2006 18,065 8.1

9.0

2005 16,080 7.9

9.2

2004 18,468 7.9

9.8

2003 16,191 7.4

10.2

2002 14,420 6.8

11.0

 
Asian/Pacific Islander 2011 51,503 8.4

4.6

2010 48,281 8.9

4.5

2009 51,470 8.3

4.5

2008 52,873 8.3

4.6

2007 51,344 8.1

4.6

2006 45,027 8.3

4.8

2005 39,522 8.5

5.1

2004 43,519 8.4

5.7

2003 44,761 8.3

5.9

2002 36,052 8.0

6.2

 
Multiple Races 2011 55,995 9.1

6.7

2010 55,788 9.2

6.7

2009 55,113 9.2

6.8

2008 46,451 8.9

7.0

2007 40,785 9.3

6.8

2006 33,697 9.3

7.0

2005 21,536 9.6

7.0

2004 2,185 8.8

6.5

2003 0 * *
2002 0 * *
 
All Other/Unknown 2011 35,852 6.7

7.2

2010 33,583 7.0

7.6

2009 44,864 6.9

7.8

2008 39,626 7.6

8.3

2007 38,362 6.9

7.9

2006 36,377 7.1

7.9

2005 100,362 9.2

6.7

2004 35,616 8.1

8.1

2003 36,235 8.1

8.0

2002 34,797 8.2

8.2

 
Total All Race/Ethnic Groups 2011 1,766,295 8.9

6.4

2010 1,851,546 9.0

6.3

2009 1,961,342 8.9

6.4

2008 1,966,690 9.0

6.4

2007 1,953,242 9.1

6.4

2006 1,842,970 9.2

6.6

2005 1,631,571 9.4

6.6

2004 1,630,186 9.3

6.8

2003 1,505,016 9.0

7.2

2002 1,254,683 9.0

7.6

Height and Weight
Race/Ethnicity and Year

Number Included
in Analysis

Short Stature
(5)
% < 5th

Underweight
(6)
% < 5th

Obese
(6)
% >=95th

White, Not Hispanic 2011 2,502,330 6.6

3.5

10.3

2010 2,719,100 6.6

3.6

10.5

2009 2,751,395 6.6

3.4

10.9

2008 2,402,590 6.7

3.6

10.8

2007 2,407,012 6.9

3.6

10.7

2006 2,311,663 7.0

3.6

10.8

2005 2,216,214 7.0

3.6

11.2

2004 2,377,332 6.8

3.5

11.0

2003 2,141,227 6.9

3.8

11.0

2002 1,986,644 6.7

3.9

10.6

 
Black, Not Hispanic 2011 1,516,388 6.8

4.9

10.6

2010 1,587,564 6.9

5.0

10.8

2009 1,601,480 7.1

4.8

11.5

2008 1,358,454 7.2

5.1

11.1

2007 1,429,761 7.6

5.0

11.2

2006 1,339,446 7.7

5.0

11.2

2005 1,255,895 7.5

4.9

11.6

2004 1,341,912 7.2

4.9

11.6

2003 1,163,637 7.6

5.4

11.4

2002 1,098,435 7.6

5.6

11.1

 
Hispanic 2011 3,072,316 5.9

2.8

14.7

2010 3,217,989 5.9

2.8

15.0

2009 3,396,782 5.9

2.7

15.6

2008 2,496,417 5.9

3.1

15.3

2007 3,102,961 6.3

2.9

15.4

2006 3,015,705 6.4

3.0

15.2

2005 2,569,412 6.5

3.0

15.6

2004 2,433,886 6.0

3.0

15.3

2003 2,190,654 6.2

3.4

15.8

2002 1,608,053 6.3

3.9

15.8

 
American Indian/Alaska Native 2011 77,102 5.0

2.5

17.7

2010 75,544 5.1

2.5

18.1

2009 75,145 5.1

2.4

18.0

2008 77,337 5.1

2.2

18.0

2007 76,337 5.3

2.5

17.4

2006 73,933 5.5

2.5

17.2

2005 70,054 5.4

2.5

17.3

2004 77,452 4.6

2.7

16.3

2003 67,608 5.3

3.0

16.3

2002 58,671 5.4

2.8

16.1

 
Asian/Pacific Islander 2011 211,411 6.7

4.7

9.3

2010 207,139 6.8

4.8

9.5

2009 210,934 6.7

4.4

10.0

2008 192,312 6.8

4.3

10.2

2007 195,380 6.8

4.5

10.0

2006 180,061 6.9

4.3

10.2

2005 167,071 6.9

4.5

10.4

2004 156,665 6.8

4.6

10.3

2003 194,254 6.4

4.4

10.9

2002 159,649 6.8

4.4

11.1

 
Multiple Races 2011 228,398 6.0

3.1

11.5

2010 228,255 6.0

3.2

11.6

2009 215,798 6.1

2.9

12.0

2008 155,408 6.2

3.1

11.9

2007 142,288 6.5

3.2

11.7

2006 111,719 6.4

3.3

11.6

2005 58,037 6.9

3.4

11.7

2004 9,118 6.0

3.0

12.5

2003 0 * * *
2002 0 * * *
 
All Other/Unknown 2011 168,576 5.8

5.4

10.9

2010 173,668 5.7

5.2

11.4

2009 221,265 5.6

4.7

11.8

2008 182,218 5.4

5.1

11.6

2007 188,238 5.6

4.8

11.8

2006 178,096 5.9

4.8

11.7

2005 403,719 6.4

4.5

11.9

2004 179,986 5.8

4.6

12.2

2003 178,099 5.7

4.9

12.1

2002 169,027 5.9

5.1

12.1

 
Total All Race/Ethnic Groups 2011 7,776,521 6.3

3.5

12.2

2010 8,209,259 6.3

3.6

12.4

2009 8,472,799 6.4

3.4

13.0

2008 6,864,736 6.5

3.7

12.6

2007 7,541,977 6.7

3.6

12.8

2006 7,210,623 6.8

3.6

12.8

2005 6,740,402 6.8

3.7

13.0

2004 6,576,351 6.5

3.7

12.8

2003 5,935,479 6.7

4.0

12.9

2002 5,080,479 6.7

4.3

12.5

Overweight Greater Than or Equal 2 Years (6)
Race/Ethnicity and Year

Number Included
in Analysis

85th - <95th
%

>=95th
%

White, Not Hispanic 2011 1,087,034 15.6

12.1

2010 1,173,445 15.7

12.1

2009 1,171,367 15.9

12.3

2008 992,775 16.0

12.5

2007 973,719 15.9

12.4

2006 943,311 15.9

12.3

2005 930,970 15.7

12.4

2004 995,394 15.8

12.6

2003 921,707 15.5

12.2

2002 850,369 15.1

11.8

 
Black, Not Hispanic 2011 668,281 14.1

11.5

2010 690,813 14.1

11.6

2009 675,230 14.5

11.9

2008 549,491 14.5

11.9

2007 566,618 14.4

11.9

2006 535,743 14.4

11.8

2005 528,548 14.3

11.9

2004 564,696 14.4

12.2

2003 489,111 14.0

12.0

2002 453,754 13.7

11.9

 
Hispanic 2011 1,448,078 17.2

17.5

2010 1,501,707 17.4

17.6

2009 1,554,814 17.6

17.9

2008 1,039,139 17.8

18.2

2007 1,299,054 17.8

18.2

2006 1,269,147 17.8

18.0

2005 1,138,985 17.5

17.9

2004 1,076,857 17.5

18.2

2003 991,781 17.0

18.4

2002 687,134 17.0

18.9

 
American Indian/Alaska Native 2011 37,351 20.1

20.8

2010 35,604 20.1

21.1

2009 34,520 20.2

20.7

2008 36,329 20.4

20.2

2007 34,723 20.3

19.5

2006 33,486 20.1

19.4

2005 32,569 20.0

19.0

2004 35,534 19.9

19.0

2003 31,873 18.9

17.7

2002 28,253 18.8

17.5

 
Asian/Pacific Islander 2011 92,380 13.5

11.3

2010 90,836 13.6

11.3

2009 88,808 14.0

11.9

2008 77,944 14.1

12.2

2007 78,235 14.0

11.9

2006 72,099 14.0

12.3

2005 68,486 14.2

12.3

2004 62,122 14.1

12.7

2003 74,028 14.1

12.9

2002 61,294 13.9

13.3

 
Multiple Races 2011 100,934 15.9

13.0

2010 98,026 15.7

12.8

2009 90,463 16.2

12.8

2008 61,223 16.2

12.9

2007 53,286 15.9

12.6

2006 41,526 16.1

12.9

2005 21,541 15.7

12.9

2004 3,182 15.2

15.1

2003 0 * *
2002 0 * *
 
All Other/Unknown 2011 46,822 15.1

14.7

2010 49,641 15.1

15.1

2009 63,153 15.5

14.9

2008 50,223 15.2

15.5

2007 52,495 15.3

15.6

2006 50,175 15.8

15.3

2005 151,427 15.6

14.6

2004 66,092 15.8

15.2

2003 66,416 15.4

14.9

2002 61,136 15.2

14.9

 
Total All Race/Ethnic Groups 2011 3,480,880 16.0

14.4

2010 3,640,072 16.1

14.4

2009 3,678,355 16.4

14.7

2008 2,807,124 16.4

14.6

2007 3,058,130 16.4

14.9

2006 2,945,487 16.4

14.8

2005 2,872,526 16.2

14.7

2004 2,803,877 16.2

14.8

2003 2,574,916 15.8

14.7

2002 2,141,940 15.4

14.3

Anemia (7)
Race/Ethnicity and Year

Number Included
in Analysis

Low Hb/Hct
%

White, Not Hispanic 2011 1,594,028 11.0
2010 1,739,896 11.2
2009 1,775,865 11.4
2008 1,639,455 11.4
2007 1,525,981 11.9
2006 1,450,549 11.1
2005 1,434,886 10.8
2004 1,549,047 10.8
2003 1,337,637 10.5
2002 1,374,440 10.1
 
Black, Not Hispanic 2011 998,781 22.5
2010 1,041,198 22.5
2009 1,042,126 23.1
2008 963,101 22.6
2007 914,467 22.8
2006 825,012 21.0
2005 793,328 20.0
2004 874,513 19.4
2003 724,232 19.1
2002 742,716 19.1
 
Hispanic 2011 2,057,975 13.3
2010 2,222,461 13.6
2009 2,313,584 14.0
2008 2,133,733 14.0
2007 2,007,415 14.0
2006 1,922,871 13.5
2005 1,735,800 13.2
2004 1,684,460 13.1
2003 1,301,313 13.3
2002 1,081,779 12.5
 
American Indian/Alaska Native 2011 49,642 12.3
2010 49,900 12.2
2009 44,853 13.1
2008 54,066 12.2
2007 52,031 12.4
2006 49,163 11.5
2005 49,165 10.7
2004 54,388 11.5
2003 48,437 10.9
2002 45,762 10.0
 
Asian/Pacific Islander 2011 126,649 13.3
2010 127,439 13.3
2009 126,767 13.7
2008 119,498 13.6
2007 109,481 13.0
2006 101,446 12.5
2005 100,090 12.4
2004 106,595 12.7
2003 101,017 12.6
2002 94,638 12.4
 
Multiple Races 2011 144,735 14.7
2010 145,005 14.7
2009 137,357 15.1
2008 106,483 15.3
2007 84,183 15.7
2006 64,615 15.0
2005 38,478 14.0
2004 3,869 17.3
2003 0 *
2002 0 *
 
All Other/Unknown 2011 51,808 14.0
2010 65,128 14.1
2009 83,644 14.6
2008 64,036 14.6
2007 66,030 15.2
2006 107,935 11.9
2005 208,640 12.9
2004 92,029 14.0
2003 87,717 13.6
2002 81,852 13.7
 
Total All Race/Ethnic Groups 2011 5,023,618 14.4
2010 5,391,027 14.6
2009 5,524,196 14.9
2008 5,080,372 14.8
2007 4,759,588 15.0
2006 4,521,591 14.0
2005 4,360,387 13.6
2004 4,364,901 13.5
2003 3,600,353 13.4
2002 3,421,187 13.0
(1) Reporting period is January 1 through December 31.
(2) Analyses based on one record per child.
(3) Excludes records with unknown data or errors.
(4) Infants born during the reporting period included in the analysis.
(5) Based on 2006 WHO growth chart percentiles for children under 2 years of age; short stature is defined as and length-for-age <= 2.3rd percentile, underweight is defined as weight-for-length <= 2.3rd percentile, and high weight-for-length (labeled as "Obese") is defined as >= 97.7th percentile.
(6) Based on 2000 CDC growth chart percentiles for children 2 years of age and older; short stature is defined as height-for-age < 5th percentile, underweight is defined as BMI-for-age < 5th percentile, overweight is defined as BMI-for-age >= 85th to < 95th percentile, and obesity is defined as >= 95th percentile.
(7) Based on 1998 CDC MMWR, "Recommendations to Prevent and Control Iron Deficiency in the United States", altitude adjusted, children 6 months of age and older included in the analysis.
* Percentages are not calculated if < 100 records are available for analysis after exclusions.