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ORIGINAL RESEARCH

Food Security and Cardiovascular Disease Risk Among Adults in the United States: Findings From the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2003–2008

Panel A
Age, y Food Security Status Mean 95% CI
30–59 Full6.56.2–6.9
Marginal6.25.1–7.3
Low5.74.8–6.5
Very low8.06.5–9.6
60–74 Full19.118.2–20.1
Marginal19.916.1–23.7
Low18.315.0–21.5
Very low20.916.6–25.2
Panel B
Age, y Food Security Status Prevalence Ratio 95% CI
30–59 Full1 [Reference]
Marginal0.920.48–1.77
Low0.940.53–1.64
Very low2.381.31–4.31
60–74 Full1 [Reference]
Marginal0.830.49–1.42
Low0.890.56–1.41
Very low1.360.87–2.13


Figure. Least-square adjusted mean (95% confidence interval) predicted 10-year cardiovascular disease risk (Panel A) and adjusted prevalence ratios (95% confidence interval) for predicted 10-year cardiovascular disease risk greater than 20% (Panel B) among adults aged 30 to 74 years, by age group and food security status, National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2003–2008. Results are adjusted for sex, race/ethnicity, educational status, health insurance status, alcohol use, body mass index, and concentration of C-reactive protein.

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