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Selected References

  • Painter JE, Gargano JW, Collier SA, Yoder JS. Giardiasis Surveillance — United States, 2011–2012. MMWR Surveill Summ. 2015;64(SS-3):15-25.
  • CDC. Giardiasis Surveillance — United States, 2009–2010. 2012;61(SS05):13-23.
  • Yoder JS, Harral C, Beach MJ. Giardiasis surveillance - United States, 2006-2008. MMWR Surveill Summ. Jun 11 2010;59(6):15-25.
  • Robertson LJ, Hanevik K, Escobedo AA, Morch K, Langeland N. Giardiasis--why do the symptoms sometimes never stop? Trends Parasitol. Feb 2010;26(2):75-82.
  • Solaymani-Mohammadi S, Genkinger JM, Loffredo CA, Singer SM. A meta-analysis of the effectiveness of albendazole compared with metronidazole as treatments for infections with Giardia duodenalis. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2010;4(5):e682.
  • Drugs for Parasitic Infections: The Medical Letter; 2010.
  • Botero-Garces JH, Garcia-Montoya GM, Grisales-Patino D, Aguirre-Acevedo DC, Alvarez-Uribe MC. Giardia intestinalis and nutritional status in children participating in the complementary nutrition program, Antioquia, Colombia, May to October 2006. Rev Inst Med Trop Sao Paulo. May-Jun 2009;51(3):155-162.
  • Muller J, Ley S, Felger I, Hemphill A, Muller N. Identification of differentially expressed genes in a Giardia lamblia WB C6 clone resistant to nitazoxanide and metronidazole. J Antimicrob Chemother. Jul 2008;62(1):72-82.
  • Naumova EN, Jagai JS, Matyas B, DeMaria A, Jr., MacNeill IB, Griffiths JK. Seasonality in six enterically transmitted diseases and ambient temperature. Epidemiol Infect. Feb 2007;135(2):281-292.
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  • Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute. Procedures for the recovery and identification of parasites from the intestinal tract; approved guideline. CLSI document M28-A2. 2nd ed. Wayne, PA: Clinical Laboratory Standards Institute; 2005.
  • Johnston SP, Ballard MM, Beach MJ, Causer L, Wilkins PP. Evaluation of three commercial assays for detection of Giardia and Cryptosporidium organisms in fecal specimens. J Clin Microbiol. Feb 2003;41(2):623-626.
  • Stuart JM, Orr HJ, Warburton FG, et al. Risk factors for sporadic giardiasis: a case-control study in southwestern England. Emerg Infect Dis. Feb 2003;9(2):229-233.
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  • Newman RD, Moore SR, Lima AA, Nataro JP, Guerrant RL, Sears CL. A longitudinal study of Giardia lamblia infection in north-east Brazilian children. Trop Med Int Health. Aug 2001;6(8):624-634.
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  • Hoque ME, Hope VT, Scragg R, Kjellstrom T, Lay-Yee R. Nappy handling and risk of giardiasis. Lancet. Mar 31 2001;357(9261):1017-1018.
  • Pakianathan MR, McMillan A. Intestinal protozoa in homosexual men in Edinburgh. Int J STD AIDS. Dec 1999;10(12):780-784.
  • Hill DR. Giardia lamblia. In: Gillespie SH, Pearson RD, eds. Principles and practice of clinical parasitology. Chisester, England: Joan Wiley & Sons; 2001.
  • Naumova EN, Chen JT, Griffiths JK, Matyas BT, Estes-Smargiassi SA, Morris RD. Use of passive surveillance data to study temporal and spatial variation in the incidence of giardiasis and cryptosporidiosis. Public Health Rep. Sep-Oct 2000;115(5):436-447.
  • Thompson RC. Giardiasis as a re-emerging infectious disease and its zoonotic potential. Int J Parasitol. Nov 2000;30(12-13):1259-1267.
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  • Greig JD, Michel P, Wilson JB, et al. A descriptive analysis of giardiasis cases reported in Ontario, 1990-1998. Can J Public Health. Sep-Oct 2001;92(5):361-365.
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  • Birkhead G, Vogt RL. Epidemiologic surveillance for endemic Giardia lamblia infection in Vermont. The roles of waterborne and person-to-person transmission. Am J Epidemiol. Apr 1989;129(4):762-768.
  • Nash TE, Herrington DA, Losonsky GA, Levine MM. Experimental human infections with Giardia lamblia. J Infect Dis. Dec 1987;156(6):974-984.
  • Farthing MJ, Mata L, Urrutia JJ, Kronmal RA. Natural history of Giardia infection of infants and children in rural Guatemala and its impact on physical growth. Am J Clin Nutr. Mar 1986;43(3):395-405.
  • Solomons NW. Giardiasis: nutritional implications. Rev Infect Dis. Jul-Aug 1982;4(4):859-869.
  • Danciger M, Lopez M. Numbers of Giardia in the feces of infected children. Am J Trop Med Hyg. Mar 1975;24(2):237-242.
  • Notis WM. Giardiasis and vitamin B 12 malabsorption. Gastroenterology. Dec 1972;63(6):1085.
  • Rendtorff RC. The experimental transmission of human intestinal protozoan parasites. II. Giardia lamblia cysts given in capsules. Am J Hyg. Mar 1954;59(2):209-220.

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