Cysts, called cysticerci, can develop in the muscles, the eyes, the brain, and/or the spinal cord. Symptoms caused by the cysts depend on the location, size, number, and stage of the cysts.
Cysts in the brain or spinal cord:
- Cause the most serious form of the disease, called neurocysticercosis
- May cause no symptoms
- May cause seizures and/or headaches (these are more common)
- May also cause confusion, difficulty with balance, brain swelling, and excess fluid around the brain (these are less common)
- May cause stroke or death
Cysts in the muscles:
- Generally do not cause symptoms
- May cause lumps under the skin, which can sometimes become tender
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