Adoption - Agencies & Parents
Chagas disease is endemic throughout much of Mexico, Central America, and South America. Risk of Chagas disease varies by region within endemic countries. Although the risk of Chagas disease is likely low in adopted children from endemic countries, treatment of infected children is very effective.
Therefore adoption agencies and adoptive parents who are concerned about the risk to adopted children should consider the following:
- If the child's geographic history is known, then testing decisions can be made based on whether the child comes from an endemic area.
- If the child's geographic history is unknown, then testing may be appropriate based on the country of origin to determine whether the child may have Chagas disease. (See table below. )
- If it is determined that testing is appropriate, only children more than 1 year of age, should be tested, as children less than 12 months of age may have false-positive results due to maternal antibodies.
Article (MMWR -- July 6, 2012): Congenital Transmission of Chagas Disease � Virginia, 2010
Article (Transfusion -- March 8, 2012): The United States Trypanosoma cruzi Infection Study: Evidence for Vector-borne Transmission of the Parasite That Causes Chagas Disease Among United States Blood Donors
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
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