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MOTOR VEHICLE SAFETY

Publications

Trucking Safety

Obesity and other risk factors: the National Survey of U.S. Long-Haul Truck Driver Health and Injury
American Journal of Industrial Medicine: January 2014 [Epub ahead of print]
This national survey found that obesity (69% vs. 31%) and current smoking (51% vs 19%) were twice as prevalent in long-haul truck drivers as in the 2010 U.S adult working population.

U.S. truck driver anthropometric study and multivariate anthropometric models for cab designs
Human Factors: October 2012 / 54(5):849-871
This study presents updated information on body dimensions of a nationally representative sample of the U.S. truck driver population. It reports that both male and female drivers are about 30 pounds heavier than persons of the same age in the general population. This research will help manufacturers build safer truck cabs that are a better fit for today’s drivers.

NIOSH Fatal Occupational Injury Cost Fact Sheet: Truck Transportation
NIOSH Publication No. 2012-135

The Influence of Heavy Truck Egress Tactics on Ground Reaction Force
NIOSH Publication No. 2012-103, November 2011 / :192-195 
How truck drivers enter or leave their cabs affects their risk for slips and falls, which are an important cause of injury. Truck drivers are trained to enter and exit their trucks using inward-facing tactics, but some drivers choose to do otherwise. This study found that drivers with high BMIs used inward-facing tactics more frequently than other drivers. It recommends inward-facing tactics since lower ground reaction forces are associated with reduced stresses on tissues.

A story of impact: Improved safety for truck drivers: designing safer cabs based on driver body dimensions
NIOSH Publication No. 2011-188

Mortality among members of a truck driver trade association
AAOHN Journal: November 2010 / 58(11):473-480 
This study analyzed cause of death for a group of truck drivers, 69% of whom were owner-operators. The authors analyzed 26 major disease classifications and 92 specific causes of death. The only cause of death that was significantly more common for truck drivers than in the general population was transportation accidents.

Commercial Drivers' Health: A Naturalistic Study of Body Mass Index, Fatigue, and Involvement in Safety-critical Events
Traffic Injury Prevention: December 2009 / 10(6):573-579
This study links obesity to driver fatigue and to the likelihood of involvement in a safety-critical event.

Anthropometric changes among U.S. truck drivers
Proceedings of the 17th World Congress on Ergonomics (IEA2009), Beijing, China, August 9-14, 2009. Madison, WI: International Ergonomics Association, 2009 Aug:1-4.

Impact of federal compliance reviews of trucking companies in reducing highway truck crashes
Accident Analysis & Prevention: January 2008 / 40(1):238-245

Proceedings of Truck Driver Occupational Safety and Health Conference
NIOSH Publication No. 2007-120
In April 2003, an international group of researchers convened in Detroit to discuss the occupational safety and health of commercial motor vehicle drivers. This conference was unusual because it focused on driver well-being, rather than general highway safety and transportation issues.  The report provides a selective review of the relevant literature, summarizes the conference presentations, incorporates the comments made by many of the participants, and outlines some topics needing further research.

 

 
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