NORA Manufacturing Sector Strategic Goals
927Z6QX - Sizing Safety Equipment for Hispanic Meat Processing WorkersStart Date: 10/1/2006
End Date: 9/30/2009
Principal Investigator (PI)Name: Mathew Hause
Funded By: NIOSH
Primary Goals Addressed1.0 , 7.0
Secondary Goal AddressedNone
Attributed to Manufacturing100%
This study will use human factors applied engineering methods to determine the anthropometry of Hispanic meat and poultry production workers which can be used for the manufacturing of worker personal protective equipment. This research is a NORA targeted funds pilot project – the target area is Manufacturing. The project will develop sizing schemes for cut resistant safety equipment used as hand and arm protection to reduce cut and laceration hazards in the slaughtering and meat processing industry. NIOSH will work with trade groups and standards organizations to ensure that the results of this research are properly disseminated.
The overall goal of this 3 year project is to formulate anthropometric guides for the design of improved cut resistant safety apparel, and the development of effective sizing systems that would accommodate the occupational population in the meat processing industries. The project will use both 2- and 3-dimensional anthropometric scanning technologies to determine sizing schemes for the development of glove, and forearm/upper-arm protection sleeve components that best enhance the ability of the half million meat workers to select, fit, and use cut resistant safety equipment safely. This project is designed to address a.) lack of fit and sizing criteria for cut resistant safety equipment used by a predominantly Hispanic workforce, and b.) lack of 3-dimensional anthropometric information for the design of cut resistant apparel to improve its efficacy and safety. The research goal will be accomplished through three phases. The first phase will identify critical parameters of body size used for the design of personal protective equipment (PPE). Body size measures with be taken from male and female Hispanic meat workers. The second phase will identify key performance criteria related to cut resistant PPE for translation into guidelines on appropriate selection, fit, and use, of cut resistant PPE. The third phase will transfer measurement data to PPE manufacturers for validation in developing new PPE patterns for production of cut resistant safety equipment for workers of short stature.
The overall goal of this project is to formulate anthropometric guides for the design of improved cut resistant safety apparel, and the development of effective sizing systems that would accommodate the occupational population in the meat processing industries which is now dominated by a growing ethnic worker population that consists of Hispanic Americans. The project will use both 2-D and 3-Dimensional anthropometric scanning technologies to determine important sizing information used in the development of gloves and forearm/upper-arm protective equipment that enhance the ability of the half million meat processing workers to select, fit, and use cut resistant equipment safely. The project aims are specifically designed to address a.) the lack of sizing information for cut resistant safety equipment used by a predominantly Hispanic workforce, and b.) the lack of 3-Dimensional anthropometric information for the design of cut resistant apparel to improve their efficacy and safety.
This project is designed to address the lack of fit and sizing criteria for cut resistant safety equipment used by a predominantly Hispanic workforce. Meatpacking is one of the most dangerous industries in the United States. In 2003, an estimated 527,000 workers were employed in the animal slaughtering and processing industry. The percentage of Hispanic workers in this industry increases every year. The largest proportions of workers in this industry are young, male, and Hispanic (42%). These workers use cut resistant safety equipment in their daily jobs. In 2002, the meat and poultry industry had 14.9 injuries and illnesses per 100 workers; sausages and other prepared meats plants recorded a rate of 10.9 cases; and poultry plants recorded a rate of 9.7; each exceeding the average annual rate for all manufacturing of 7.2 cases/100 Full Time Equivalents. The most common injuries are cuts, but more serious injuries, such as amputation also occur. Cut and amputation injuries occur when sharp hand tools (knife, cleaver) and power tools (saws) are used. Also, repetitive slicing can lead to increased risk of cut injuries. The injury rate from cuts and punctures in this industry was 17.9 cases per 10,000 Full Time Equivalents in 2001. Other repetitive motion injuries occurred at a rate of 22.2 cases/10,000 which exceeds the all manufacturing rate of 14.7 in 2002. Hand injuries generally account for approximately 1/3 of all injuries at work, 1/4 of lost working time, and 1/5 of permanent disability. It is estimated that the project would help reduce traumatic injuries among these workers by up to 5% in five years. Such a reduction would reduce over 2,000 injuries annually. The benefit of anthropometric knowledge contributing to better sizing of equipment extends indirectly across several industrial sectors to 15 million female workers, and directly to 20 million Hispanic workers.