NORA Manufacturing Sector Strategic Goals
927Z4UB - Global Silica Information Dissemination
Principal Investigator (PI)
Primary Goal Addressed
Secondary Goal Addressed
Attributed to Manufacturing
The purpose of this project is to aid the PAHO/ILO/WHO silicosis elimination campaign by producing and disseminating useful and accessible information products that will educate our global partners in the areas of laboratory analysis of crystalline silica, assessment and control of silica dust exposures, and diagnosis, treatment, and surveillance of silica-related diseases. Project staff includes silica subject matter experts that will address requests for information from developing countries and will work together to develop NIOSH information products from existing information. The experts may also provide training or other technical assistance to health professionals in the developing countries.
The sectors, cross-sectors, and relevant programs are listed on page 1.
The major outputs are information products that will produce intermediate progress to educating global partners and others in the areas of laboratory analysis of crystalline silica, assessment and control of silica dust exposures, and diagnosis, treatment, and surveillance of silica-related diseases
NIOSH has produced publications in many formats that address silicosis prevention through respiratory protection programs, engineering and administrative controls, air sampling, laboratory analysis, medical surveillance, and other measures. To advance silicosis prevention efforts in developing countries, this information must be available in a form that can be easily located, accessed, and disseminated, as well as useful. It is the goal of this three-year project to produce such information products using existing information from NIOSH, the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), and other national and international agencies. Four areas will be addressed: 1) Laboratory analyses, 2) Exposure assessment, 3) Control of exposure, and 4) Surveillance/Diagnosis/Treatment.
Major activities of this multi--year project include producing information products using existing information from NIOSH, the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), and other national and international agencies. Four areas will be addressed: 1) Laboratory analyses, 2) Exposure assessment, 3) Control of exposure, and 4) Surveillance/Diagnosis/Treatment.
In addition, project staff (NIOSH silica experts) may provide international technical assistance to the ILO/WHO Global Campaign to Eliminate Silicosis and the PAHO/ILO/WHO Americas Regional Plan to Eliminate Silicosis by training industrial hygienists, chemists, and others. Initially, we will determine the information priorities of our global partners relative to the above subject areas in order to direct the efforts of NIOSH project staff. Time frames are based on the type and extent of the informationproducing activity and can range from a few months to a year, with additional activities being requested throughout the multi-year life of the project.
Silicosis is an irreversible, but preventable, lung disease caused by occupational exposure to respirable crystalline silica. At least 1.7 million United States workers are potentially exposed to respirable crystalline silica in a variety of industries and occupations, including mining and construction and many are exposed to concentrations that exceed limits defined by current regulations and standards. Millions of workers are exposed worldwide.
Project needs are identified by contact between NIOSH and the global partners and by using existing information from NIOSH, the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), and other national and international agencies.
Assistance from NIOSH has been requested by the World Health Organization (WHO), the International Labour Organization (ILO), the Pan American Health Association (PAHO), and several Latin American countries. NIOSH silica experts are sharing knowledge to strengthen professional capacity in Latin American countries so they can take actions to reduce silicosis. This project is a joint approach that will provide technical assistance to control exposures to silica and develop a good practices information base and is one of the projects described under Strategic Goal 3 in Attachment 8 “Guidance for Developing Global Projects” of the NIOSH FY2006 Project Planning Guide, section “ILO/WHO Global Campaign to Eliminate Silicosis” (p. 80, second bullet). The project advances that campaign by providing information about silica dust control and silicosis prevention to developing countries. NIOSH subject matter experts and NIOSH information products developed through this project will be disseminated to those countries. In addition, as a WHO Collaborating Center, NIOSH contributes to the ILO/WHO Global Plan to Eliminate Silicosis and to the PAHO/ILO/WHO Americas Regional Plan to Eliminate Silicosis.