NORA Manufacturing Sector Strategic Goals
9278543 - IWSB Research, Development and PlanningStart Date: 10/1/1992
End Date: 9/30/2010
Principal Investigator (PI)Name: Elizabeth Whelan
Funded By: NIOSH
Primary Goal Addressed9.0
Secondary Goal Addressed6.0
Attributed to Manufacturing
The purpose of this project is to identify potential projects through consideration of the scientific literature, NIOSH, OSHA, and IARC priority areas, and leads from surveillance data and health hazard evaluations. Criteria used to select potential projects include: the number of workers exposed, the severity or frequency of the health outcome and whether prevention or intervention measures can be implemented to either reduce exposures or health effects. Further investigation of project feasibility involves literature searches, searching of databases, and site visits to determine if the firms selected are suitable for study. A project feasibility assessment has been found to be a cost effective and efficient method of maximizing research resources. Another purpose of this project is to provide an ongoing framework for planning and prioritizing IWSB projects so that resources may be most efficiently utilized.
The primary purpose of this project is to support feasibility studies of emerging problems in occupational health. IWSB investigators identify potential projects through consideration of the scientific literature, priority areas identified by NIOSH and other agencies such as the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), and the International Agency for Research of Cancer (IARC), in addition to leads from surveillance data and health hazard evaluations. Criteria used to select potential projects include: 1) the number of workers exposed; 2) the severity or frequency of the health outcome; and 3) whether prevention or intervention measures can be implemented to either reduce exposures or health effects.
Further investigation of project feasibility involves literature searches, searching of databases, such as Chemical Economics Handbook, to identify industries or companies that might be included in the study, and frequently, site visits to determine if the companies selected are suitable for study. Sometimes, information must be gathered from a large number of companies to identify a small number of firms eligible for study.
Another purpose of this project is to plan and prioritize IWSB projects using the same criteria as described above plus additional criteria such as whether or not there is strong external driver for the project (e.g., an OSHA rulemaking effort). This process of strategic planning and prioritization results in the most efficient use of scarce resources.
Using feasibility studies and strategic planning, the overall objective of this project is to lead the branch to produce scientifically sound, high-priority studies showing workplace exposures are, or are not, associated with increased risk of disease. Submit these studies for consideration by regulatory agencies. Explain the results of these studies, in terms of suggested screening or other health promotion activities, to study participants and other exposed individuals.
This project determines the feasibility of potential studies through the use of literature searches, field surveys and data collection. A preliminary feasibility phase is often critical to allow researchers and management the time to scrutinize how a proposed study will address NIOSH's strategic goals and to improve study design and implementation. Once a study is found to be feasible and relevant to IWSB research, a protocol is developed and submitted for approval. Additionally, research support activities such as vital status ascertainment, freedom of information (FOI) responses and records management equipment and services are provided for under this project. The project also allows IWSB staff to follow-up on unexpected opportunities and emerging occupational health problems that may arise during the year. This project also encompasses a strategic planning and prioritization effort to ensure that branch resources are directed toward the highest priority work of the Institute.
Intermediate Goal 1.1 (09PPCRCIG1.1): Conduct research to reduce work-related cancer.
Activity/Output Goal 1.1.1 (09PPCRCAOG1.1.1): Conduct analytic epidemiology studies of high-priority, high-feasibility populations and exposures.
Intermediate Goal (09PPRDRIG4.1): reduce the incidence of work-related cancer through research, promotion of carcinogen-free workplaces, and international collaborations.
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