Mining Publication: Using Ultrasonic Anemometers to Evaluate Factors Affecting Face Ventilation Effectiveness
A test system was developed at the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health's ventilation test gallery for measuring airflow using a three-axis ultrasonic anemometer. The gallery was used to simulate face airflow conditions in underground mines having a blowing curtain. Airflow data, collected at multiple sampling locations between the face and the end of the curtain, were used to draw airflow profiles for different curtain setback distances, intake flow quantities, and entry widths. In addition, methane was released at the face, measured at the sampling locations, and displayed as methane distributions in the areas between the curtain and the face. Entry geometry had a significant effect on airflow patterns, and the flow patterns affected the distribution of methane in the entry. Flow measured at and parallel to the face was a good predictor of methane dilution and removal within 0.6m (2 ft) of the face.