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Mining Project: Develop and Evaluate Engineering Noise Controls for Air Carbon Arc Cutting and Gouging

Project DetailValue
Principal Investigators
  • Melissa J. Lowe, NIOSH, 412-386-4076
Start Date10/1/2010
Purpose

The objective of this study is to develop and evaluate noise controls and alternatives toward reducing sound pressure levels and personal noise exposures from air carbon arcing applications in the mining industry to below permissible exposure limits.

Program Area
Keywordshearing loss, mining, noise

Research Summary

The objective of this study is to develop and evaluate noise controls and alternatives toward reducing sound pressure levels and personal noise exposures from air carbon arcing applications in the mining industry to below permissible exposure limits. Also, it is hoped that other industries that use air carbon arcing could realize the benefits from this research. Collaboration between NIOSH and stakeholders developed during previous NIOSH studies will be used to obtain welding shop or other on-site locations. Pre-control sound level measurements will be taken to develop a baseline for comparison purposes when noise controls and alternatives are applied. Effectiveness, efficiency, and worker acceptance of the noise controls and alternatives will be evaluated. Noise controls and alternatives for reducing sound levels to below the ceiling limit of 115 dB(A) and noise exposures to below the permissible exposure limit of 90 dB(A) TWA per 8-hour shift for workers will be transferred to the mining sector.

This research project will address the following four research questions: (1) What are the most significant contributors to the noise generated by air carbon arc cutting (ACAC) and gouging (ACAG)? (2) What noise controls are available or can be developed for ACAC and ACAG that focus on the most significant noise-generating mechanisms and reduce the overall sound levels? (3) Do the available or newly developed noise controls reduce the noise exposures of workers using ACAC and ACAG and are they sufficiently durable in the mining environment? (4) Do substitute or alternative metal cutting and gouging methods reduce worker exposures and do they perform adequately in the mining environment?

Existing and conceptual noise controls and alternatives will be designed and rigorously tested to confirm applicability to mining. Successful application of noise controls could significantly reduce workers' exposure to harmful sound levels from air carbon arcing, followed by a significant reduction in noise-induced hearing loss that is currently prevalent in the mining industry.

 

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