Mining Project: Self-Escape from Underground Coal Mines Training Initiative
To characterize the essential components of the mine emergency escape system and develop interventions designed to improve system preparedness and self-escape training of underground coal mining personnel.
This project has four research aims, as follows:
- Identify and prioritize critical self-escape KSAOs (knowledge, skills, abilities, and other characteristics) to improve understanding of the components of the mine emergency escape system (e.g., individual miners, escape teams, responsible person teams, communication centers, etc.) and the relationships among them.
- Explore current levels of miner competence in the critical KSAOs, identify gaps in currently available methods to train and assess those KSAOs, and develop strategies to fill identified gaps.
- Design, develop, and deliver training interventions to improve the functioning of the mine emergency escape system and isolate variables of interest for analysis and future work.
- Provide evidence-based guidelines to the mining industry to optimize the functioning of the mine emergency escape system.
The Mine Improvement and New Emergency Response Act of 2006 was enacted to strengthen existing mine emergency response safety and health regulations, and it introduced new provisions related to written emergency response plans, underground communication and tracking systems, and the presence of a “responsible person” at each mine on each shift. To date, there has been no thorough exploration of the status of, and best practices for, the implementation and follow-through of these mandates.
This project seeks to enhance our understanding of the mine emergency escape system and provide the industry with evidence-based strategies to improve the function of this system. Mine emergencies occur infrequently and rarely at the same operation, so this effort will require an industry-wide approach. The work includes activities in physical and psychological task analyses of self-escape competencies; the exploration and description of the current state of select elements related to the mine emergency response system required by law; competency training and assessment needs analysis; and training development.
Positive outcomes of this project will lead to more standardized training and assessment throughout the industry, a more prepared workforce, and could inform legislative and policy discussions related to self-escape training requirements.
- Emergency Escape & Refuge Alternatives
- Emerging Technologies: Aiding Responders in Mine Emergences and During the Escape From Smoke-Filled Passageways
- A Global Inventory of Mine Rescue Training Facilities: Compendium of Ideas to Improve U.S. Coal Mine Rescue Training
- Improvements to Mine Escape Training
- Incorporating Judgment and Decisionmaking into Quarterly Mine Escape Training Based on a Mine Fire Scenario
- Lifeline Tactile Signal Flashcards
- Mine Escape Vehicle Concept Investigation
- Refuge Alternatives in Underground Coal Mines
- Responders to Underground Mine Fires
- When Do You Take Refuge? Decisionmaking During Mine Emergency Escape
- Page last reviewed: 4/27/2016
- Page last updated: 4/27/2016
- Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Mining Program