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Anemia or Iron Deficiency

Data are for the U.S.


Percent of persons with iron deficiency (based on the body iron model):

  • Children age 1-2 years: 14%
  • Children age 3-5 years: 4%
  • Females age 12-19 years: 9%
  • Females age 20-49 years: 9%

Source: Key statistics from NHANES (data are for 2003-2006)

Health care use: Emergency departments

  • Number of visits to emergency departments with anemia as the primary hospital discharge diagnosis: 237,000

Source: National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey: 2011 Emergency Department Summary Tables. Table 26 [PDF - 1.1 MB]

Health care use: Assisted living and other residential care

  • Percent of residents with anemia: 9.6%

Source: 2010 NSRCF Data Dictionary: Resident Public-Use File [PDF - 369 KB]

Health care use: Hospital inpatient care

  • Number of discharges with anemia as first-listed diagnosis: 392,000
  • Average length of stay: 4.1 days

Source: National Hospital Discharge Survey: 2010 table, Average length of stay and days of care – Number and rate of discharges by first-listed diagnostic categories [PDF - 58 KB]

Health care use: Nursing home care

  • Number of residents with anemia: 276,900
  • Percent of residents with anemia: 18.6%

Source: 2004 National Nursing Home Survey, Residents, table 33B [PDF - 719 KB]


  • Number of deaths: 4,894
  • Deaths per 100,000 population: 1.5

Source: Deaths: Final Data for 2013, tables 10, 11 [PDF - 1.5 MB]

More Data