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NRI: Bibliography



Image of Myron Stearns - Will your child be deaf?Saturday Evening Post August 14 1948

Stearns, Myron. Will your child be deaf? Saturday Evening Post 1948 8/14/48
(Reprinted from the Saturday Evening Post ©1948)


Historical Documents:

Heineke H. Ueber die einwirkung der rontgenstrahlen auf tiere. Munchen Med. Wchnschr. 1903 50 2090-2092.

Heineke H. Experimentelle Untersuchungen uber die einwiskung der rontgenstraklen auf innere organe. Mitt A.d. Grenzeb, D. Med. W. Chir. 1905 14 21-94.

Lyon HR. Treatment of radium in nasal polypi. Am J Roentgenol 1922 9 584-.

Jarvis DC. Effect of small doses of roentgen rays in certain forms of impaired hearing. Am J. Roentgenol. 1923 10 201-2.(March)

Jarvis DC. Roentgen Ray Therapy in the Nonsurgical Treatment of Ear, Nose and Throat Diseases. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 1925 34 760-766.

Scal JC. Telangiectasis of the nasal septum treated with radium. Arch Otolaryngol. 1928 8 312-

Greenfield S. Use of radium for nasal polypi. Laryngoscope 1934 34 124-.

Eagle WE, Reeves RJ. The treatment of lymphoid hypertrophies and infections of the pharynx and nasopharynx by irradiation. Southern Med J. 1936 159-63 (Feb)

Maytum CK, Leddy ET. Roentgen treatment of asthma. J Allergy 1937 10 135-45.

O'Brien FW. The treatment of selected cases of chronic catarrhal deafness by X-ray. Radiology 1937 28 1-4.(Jan.)

Crowe SJ, Baylor JW. The Prevention of Deafness in Children. JAMA 1939 112 585-590.

Burnam CF Irradiation Treatment of hyperplastic lymphoid tissue. Laryngoscope 1940 50 563-.

Crowe SJ. The recognition, treatment and prevention of hearing impairment in children. Laryngoscope 1940 50 658-

Guild SR, Pulvogt LM, Sanstead HR, Loch WE, Langer E, Robbins MH, Parr WA. ?title? Laryngoscope 1940 50 731-746 (Aug.)

Bordley JE. The treatment and prevention of deafness in children. Southern Med. J. 1940 33 1159-64.

Friedman HS, Hinkel CL. External otitis. A study of the comparative merits of medical and roentgen therapy. Arch Otolaryngol. 1941 33 749-57.

Pendergrass EP, Hodes PJ. Roentgen irradiation in the treatment of inflammations. Am J. Roentgenol. 1941 45 74-106.

Crowe SJ, Burnam CF. Recognition, Treatment, and Prevention of Hearing Impairment in Children. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 1941 50 15-31.

Schenck JP. The influence of nasopharyngeal hyperplasia in the ear: histologic examination of hyperplastic lymph follicles after irradiation. Laryngoscope 1941 51 780-.

Emerson EB Jr et al. Use of radium in treatment of deafness by irradiation. Arch. Otol 1942 35 845-.

Farrior JB, Richardson GA. Nasopharyngeal applicator. Arch Otolaryngol. 1942 35 811-812. (May)

Crowe SJ, Guild SR, Langer E, Loch WE, Robbins MH. Impaired Hearing in School Children. Laryngoscope 1942 52 790-804 (Oct.)

Fowler EP Jr. Non-surgical treatment for Deafness. Laryngoscope 1942 52 204-217 (March)

Desjardins AU. The action of roentgen rays on inflammatory conditions. Radiology 1942 38 274-80 (Mar.)

Crowe SJ et al. Impaired hearing in school children. Transaction American Otology Society 1942 32 282-.

Emerson EB Jr., Dowdy AH. Radium therapy as an aid in the control of chronic otorrhea. Am J. Roentgenol. 1943 49 234-.

Fisher GE. Recognition and radium treatment of infected lymphoid tissue. Arch Otolaryng. 1943 37 434-6 (March)

Jones EH. Irradiation of the Nasopharynx in Office Practice. Arch Otolaryng. 1943 37 436-438. (March)

Farrior JB. Histopathologic considerations in treatment of the eustachian tube. Arch. Otolaryng. 1943 37 609-21 (May)

Fowler EP Jr. Radon treatment for otitis due to barotrauma. J Laryngol, Otol. 1943 58 489-92. (Dec)

Fricke RE, Pastore RJ. The radium treatment of granular or hypertrophied lateral pharyngeal bands. Proc Staff Meet, Mayo Clin 1943 18 307-312.

Crowe SJ. The local use of sulfadiazine solution, radon, tyrothricin and penicillin in otolaryngology. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol. 1944 53 227-41 (June)

Fowler EP. The use of radon to prevent otitis media due to hyperplasia of lymphoid tissue and barotrauma (aero-otitis). Arch Otolaryngol 1944 40 402-405.

Polvogt LM. Nonsurgical treatment for prevention of impairment of hearing. Trans Am Acad Ophthalmol Otolaryngol 1944 48 282-.

Teed RW. Factors Producing Obstruction of the Auditory Tube in Submarine Personnel. US Nav Med Bull 1944 42 293-306 Feb

Fisher GE. The radium treatment of hyperplastic lymphoid tissue in the nasopharynx. Miss Val. Med Jour. 1945 67 112-.

Collins, Eschenbrenner, Lyle Aerotitis and Radium Therapy in the Eighth Air Force. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 1945 54 694-707.

Hendricks JE, Liberman AT. Activities of the irradiation clinic at Westover Field, Massachusetts. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 1945 54 662-683.

Mikell JS. The use of radium in the aerotitis control program in the Twelfth Air Force. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 1945 54 708-715.

Trapasso TJ. Summary of combined report of radium in aerotitis control. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 1945 54 722-724.

Trapasso TJ. Aerotitis program in the Fifteenth Air Force. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 1945 54 716-721.

Wright W. Aero-otitis Media. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 1945 54 499-512.

Bordley JE, Hardy WG. The use of radium in the aerotitis control program of the Army Air Force. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 1945 54 650-660.

Glauber, Smith, Earl. Report of the Third Air Force Irradiation Unit. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 1945 54 686-93.

Crowe SJ (BOOK CHAPTER) Irradiation treatment of hyperplastic lymphoid tissue in the nasopharynx. Chapter in Jackson, Chevalier and Jackson CL, eds: Diseases of the Nose, Throat and Ear. 1945 166-170 WB Saunders, Philadelphia

Haines HL. Aero-otitis media in submarine personnel. J Acous Soc Am 1945 17 136-138.

Harris JD. Auditory Acuity in Severe Aero-Otitis Media J Acous Soc Am 1945 17 139-143. (Oct)

Baker EE. Causal relationship of lymphoid tissue about eustachian tubes and ear pathology. Laryngoscope 1945 55 174-.

Wishart DES. Rhinology in Children. Laryngoscope 1945 55 381-426.

Burnam CF, Crowe SJ. The Monel metal radium applicator designed for maximum use of hard beta rays in the treatment of nasopharyngeal lymphoid tissue. Miss Val Med. Jour. 1945 67 109-.

Burnam, CF. General Factors in Irradiation Therapy. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol. 1946 55 764-78.

Proctor DF, Willard WR. Washington County (Maryland) program for the prevention of deafness in children. Arch Otolaryngol. 1946 43 462-72.

Hill FT. An appraisal of the present status of Dr. Mosher's Unsolved Problems. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 1946 55 128-135 Mar

Haines HL, Harris JD. Aerotitis media in submariners. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 1946 55 347-371.

Hoople GD An otolaryngologist's experience in WWII. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 1946 55 121-127.Mar

Crowe SJ. Irradiation of the nasopharynx. Ann Otol, Rhinol Laryngol 1946 55 764- Or 779-.

Boies LR. Irradiation of Nasopharyngeal Lymphoid Tissue: An Evaluation. Arch Otolaryng 1946 44 129-40.

Fowler EP Jr. Irradiation of the eustachian tube. An anatomic, physical, and clinical study of a treatment for recurrent otitis media applied to aero-otitis. Arch Otolaryngol 1946 43 1-11.

Proctor DF. Irradiation for the elimination of nasopharyngeal lymphoid tissue. Arch. Otol. 1946 43 473-80 (May)

Harris HE, Montgomery EL. The treatment of lymphoid hyperplasia of the nasopharynx by radium. Cleveland Clinic Quart. 1946 13 117 (July)

Gay LN. The treatment of residual lymphoid tissue in the nasopharynx by radium. J. Allergy 1946 17 348- (Nov)

Canfield N. The Present Status of Otolaryngology in the US Army. Laryngoscope 1946 56 693-700.

Crowe SJ. Irradiation of the Nasopharynx Trans Am Acad Ophthalmol Laryngol 1946 51 29-35.

Shilling CW, Haines HL, Harris JD, Kelly, WJ. The prevention and treatment of aerotitis media. US Nav Med Bull 1946 46 1529-1558.

MacInnes KB. X-ray therapy as adjunct in treatment of bronchial asthma: preliminary report. Southern Med & Surg. 1947 109 305-.

Cambrelin G. Radio et radiumtherapie di tissu lymphoide en ORL. Acta Otorhinolaryngol Belg 1947 1 194-.

Shilling CW, Haines HL, Harris JD, Kelly WJ. Aerotitis Media: A brief presentation of its symptomatology, prevention and treatment. J Aviation Med 1947 18 48-55.

Crowe SJ, Walzl EM. Irradiation of hyperplastic lymphoid tissue in the nasopharynx. JAMA 1947 134 124- (May 10)

Ward AT, Livingston S, Moffat DA Asthma in children: treatment with radium nasopharyngeal applicator. JAMA 1947 133 1060-1062.

Bordley JE. The use of radium in the treatment of conduction deafness. Surg., Gynec And Obst. 1947 84 839-.

Shilling CW, Bartlett NR. A description of disqualifications of enlisted applicants for submarine training. US Nav Med Bull 1947 47 59-76.

Blumer G, Sullivan AJ (eds). The Therapeutics of Internal Diseases, vol 1 (has sections on rad. benign diseases). Chicago: Wilcox & Follett Co. 1948

Neivert, Kallen. The Complete Unit for Use of Nasopharyngeal Radium Applicator. Laryngoscope 1948 58 1162-4.

Mikell, JS. New concepts in the application of radium to the nasopharynx. Arizona Med. 1948 5 29-37.

Proctor DF, Polvogt LM, Crowe SJ. Irradiation of lymphoid tissue in diseases of the upper respiratory tract. Bull Johns Hopkins Hosp 1948 83 383-428.(Nov)

Jones EH. Irradiation of the Adult Nasopharynx. Laryngoscope 1948 58 527-41.

McLaurin JW. Use of Roentgen Rays in Small Dosages for Relief of Pain in Inflammation of the Ear. Laryngoscope 1948 58 317-327.

Stearns, Myron. Will your child be deaf? Saturday Evening Post 1948 8/14/48

Canfield N, Sudarsky D. Radium therapy in partial hearing loss. Ann Otol Rhinol. Laryngol. 1949 58 957-975.

Proctor DF. Irradiation and prevention of deafness. Ann Otol Rhinol. Laryngol. 1949 50 825-836.

Morrison W. Radium and lymphoid tissue of nasopharynx and pharynx. Arch. Otolaryngol 1949 50 300-308.

Cohen VL, Fisher WJ. An evaluation of radium treatment to the nasopharynx in asthmatic children. J Allergy 1949 20 328-334.

Spain WC, Weymuller EA. Irradiation of nasopharynx: it importance in treatment of bronchial asthma in children, between one and 16 years of age. Ann West Med & Surg 1949 3 346-350

Dow CH. The Use of Radium in Therapy of Hypertrophic Lymphoid Tissue in the Nasopharynx. Arch Otolaryng. 1949 50 417-28.

Jordan, R. Chronic secretory otitis media. Laryngoscope 1949 59 1002-1015 (Sept)

Robbins LL, Schulz MD. Potential hazards from radiation treatment of hypertrophied lymphoid tissue in the nasopharynx. Laryngoscope 1949 56 147-55.

Schultz MD, Robbins LL. Trans Amer Acad Ophthalmol. Otolaryngol. 1949 243

Lederer FL. An evaluation of irradiation of pharyngeal and nasopharyngeal lymphoid tissue. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 1950 59 102-111.

Rubin HJ, Kully BM, Finkle BD. Radiation Exposure of personnel handling Monel metal nasopharyngeal radium applicator. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 1950 59 90-100.

Bilchik Em, Kolar AR. Radium therapy of lymphoid tissue. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol. 1950 59 48-89

Smith EJ, Scharfe EE. Nasopharyngeal radium applicator in treatment and prevention of deafness. Can Med Assoc J 1950 62 150-6.

Bordley JE. Indications for and results of irradiation of the nasopharynx. Symposium on Irradiation of Lymphoid Tissue in the Nasopharynx. Trans Am Acad Ophthalmol Otolaryngol 1950 492-495.

Braestrup CB. Measurements of the radiation dose from the nasopharynx radium beta-gamma-ray applicator. Symposium on Irradiation of Lymphoid Tissue in the Nasopharynx. Trans Am Acad Ophthalmol Otolaryngol 1950 496-501.

Day KM. The abuse of nasopharyngeal irradiation. Symposium on Irradiation of Lymphoid Tissue in the Nasopharynx. Trans Am Acad Ophthalmol Otolaryngol 1950 522-525

Furstenberg et al. Discussion: Symposium on Irradiation of Lymphoid Tissue in the Nasopharynx. Symposium on Irradiation of Lymphoid Tissue in the Nasopharynx. Trans Am Acad Ophthalmol Otolaryngol 1950 526-530

Guild SR. Nasopharyngeal Irradiation and hearing acuity: A follow-up study of children. Symposium on Irradiation of Lymphoid Tissue in the Nasopharynx. Trans Am Acad Ophthalmol Otolaryngol 1950 508-521

Hoople GD. Otitis Media with effusion: A challenge to otolaryngology. Symposium on Irradiation of Lymphoid Tissue in the Nasopharynx. Trans Am Acad Ophthalmol Otolaryngol 1950 531-541

Lampe I. Potential biologic dangers of nasopharyngeal beta irradiation. Symposium on Irradiation of Lymphoid Tissue in the Nasopharynx. Trans Am Acad Ophthalmol Otolaryngol 1950 502-507

Lindsay JR, Perlman HB. Tests for chronic eustachian tube obstruction. Symposium on Irradiation of Lymphoid Tissue in the Nasopharynx. Trans Am Acad Ophthalmol Otolaryngol 1950 486-491

Schenck HP. The anatomy, physiology and pathology of nasopharyngeal lymphoid tissue. Symposium on Irradiation of Lymphoid Tissue in the Nasopharynx. Trans Am Acad Ophthalmol Otolaryngol 1950 479-485

Garland LH, Hill HA, Mottram ME, Sisson, MA. Relative merits of roentgen and radium therapy for benign conditions. JAMA 1951 146 454-460.

Miller D. Nasopharyngeal Cancer. Laryngoscope 1951 61 187-214.

Loch WE, Fischer ND. Nasopharyngeal radium treatment: A follow-up study of 263 patients. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 1952 61 198-205.

Mueller HL, Flake CG. Irradiation of the nasopharynx in children with infectious asthma. N Engl J Med 1952 246 924-927

Hardy WG, Bordley JE Observations from a controlled study on the effect of nasopharyngeal irradiation in a group of school age children. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 1954 63 816-826

Armstrong BW A new treatment for chronic secretory otitis media Arch Otolaryngol 1954 59 653-4

Bordley JE, Hardy WG. The efficacy of nasopharyngeal irradiation for the prevention of deafness in children. Acta Otolaryngol [suppl] [Stockh] 1955 suppl 120 4-49.

Scal, JC. Radium Therapy in benign lesions of the ears, nose and throat. The Eye, Ear, Nose and Throat Monthly 1955 34 444-7.

Quimby, EH. The background of radium therapy in the US 1906-1956. Am J Roentgenol 1956 75 443-450.

Adams, WS. Studies in Eustachian Deafness and its response to nasopharyngeal irradiation. J Laryngol Otol 1956 70 512-529.

Schulte JH Aerotitis media and aerosinusitis in submarine trainees: a prophylactic study. note: this is not about radium, but about drops US Armed Forces Med J 1957 8 1571-1576.

Clein NW. Allergy and submarine medicine with reference to aerotitis media. Ann Allergy 1958 16 121-127.

Duffner GJ Medical problems involved in underwater compression and decompression Clin Symp 1958 10 99-114.

Advertisement 19, back of Feb Issue and front page of issue Laryngoscope 1958 68 95, ad 19

Quimby EH. Historical events leading to the clinical application of radium. CA: Cancer Journal for Clinicians 1966; 16:165-66.

Hazen RW, Pifer JW, Toyooka ET, Livingood J, Hempelmann LH. Neoplasms following irradiation of the head. Cancer Res 1966; 26:305-311.

Bourdial J Beta radiotherapy of eustachian tube swellings. 2500 applications. 23 years' analysis. Semaine des Hopitaux 1969; 45:2871-83

Loeb. Radiation therapy of the nasopharynx: a 30 year view. Laryngoscope 1979; 89:16-21. Pratt LW. Nasopharyngeal Irradiation Treatment of Hyperplastic Adenoids. Otolaryngol. Head Neck Surg 1981; 89:47-53.

Sandler DP, Comstock GW, Matanoski GM Neoplasms following Childhood Radium Irradiation of the Nasopharynx. JNCI 1982; 68:3-8.

Sofferman RA, Heisse JW Jr Adenoid Cystic carcinoma of the nasopharynx after previous adenoid irradiation Laryngoscope 1985; 95:458-461.

Verduijn PG, Hayes RB, Looman C, Habbema JD, ET AL Mortality after nasopharyngeal radium irradiation for eustachian tube dysfunction. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 1989; 98:839-844

Ducatman AM, Farber, SA. Radium exposure in US Military Personnel (letter). NEJM 1992; 326:71-.


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Current Articles

Kang HK, Bullman TA, Mahan CM. A mortality follow-up study of World War II submariners who received nasopharyngeal radium irradiation treatment. Am J Ind Med 2000;38:441–6.

Ronckers CM, Land CE, Hayes RB, Verduijm PG, Stovall M, van Leeuwen FE. Late health effects of childhood nasopharyngeal radium irradiation: nonmelanoma skin cancer, benign tumors, and hormonal disorders. Pediatr Res 2002a;52:850–8.

Ronckers CM, Land CE, Verduijn PG, Hayes RB, Stovall M, van Leeuwen FE. Cancer mortality after nasopharyngeal irradiation in the Netherlands: a cohort study. J Natl Cancer Inst 2001;93:1021–7.

Ronckers CM, van Leeuwen FE, Hayes RB, Verduijn PG, Stovall M, Land CE. Cancer incidence after nasopharyngeal radium irradiation. Epidemiology 2002b;13:552–60.

Yeh H-C, Matanoski GM, Wang N-Y, Sandler DP, Comstock GW. Cancer incidence after childhood nasopharyngeal radium irradiation: A follow-up study in Washington County, Maryland. Am J Epidemiol 2001;153:749–56.


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