Plain Language Study Findings
This page defines plain language and links to EHS-Net study findings and recommendations in plain language.
What Is Plain Language?
Use of plain language is one way to make sure that information, products, and services are accessible and understandable to their intended audiences.
Approximately one-half of the adult population may lack the needed literacy skills to use the U.S. healthcare system. Low literacy has been linked to poor health outcomes such as higher rates of hospitalization and less frequent use of preventive services. Health literacy is the capacity to obtain, process and understand basic health information and services needed to make appropriate health decisions.
For more information about plain language and health literacy at CDC, visit the CDC Health Literacy Web site.
EHS-Net Studies in Plain Language
EHS-Net studies available in plain language are listed by study topic below.
Restaurant-related Foodborne Illness Outbreaks
General Public’s Beliefs About Gastrointestinal Illness
Restaurant Food Handling and Food Safety Practices
Foods Associated with Foodborne Illness
- Beef Grinding Records Kept by Retail Stores
- How Restaurants Handle Tomatoes
How Restaurants Prepare and Cook Chicken
- How Restaurants Prepare Eggs
How Restaurants Receive Leafy Vegetables
Restaurant Ground Beef Handling and Cooking
Restaurant Traits Linked with Safer Ground Beef Preparation and Cooking Practices
Food Handling Practices Associated with Foodborne Illness
- Factors Affecting Safe Food Preparation by Food Workers and Managers
Factors Linked with Food Workers Working When Sick
- Food Worker Handwashing and Food Preparation
- Food Worker Handwashing and Restaurant Factors
Food Workers' Reasons for Working When Sick
- Food Workers Working When They Are Sick
- Food Safety Practices of Restaurant Workers
- How Restaurants Cool Food
Retail Food Safety Programs
- How Environmental Health Specialists Investigate Outbreaks
- Kitchen Manager Certification Study and Food Safety
Links to More Information about Plain Language and Health Literacy
- Health Literacy (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services) – links to health literacy tools, government resources, and reports and research
- Health Literacy: A Prescription to End Confusion (Institute of Medicine) – report from the Institute of Medicine about health literacy in America
- Health Literacy Studies (Harvard School of Public Health) – overview of health literacy, as well as innovative materials, assessment tools, curricula, and more references on health literacy
- Quick Guide to Health Literacy (HHS)
- Simply Put: A Guide for Creating Easy-to-Understand Materials [PDF - 1.87 MB] (CDC)