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Onsite Wastewater

A Public Health Perspective on Onsite Wastewater Systems [PDF - 135 KB] – discusses public health issues such as exposure to wastewater pathogens and how system construction is influenced by rapid growth in many areas. This is one in a series of monthly Environmental Health Services Branch columns in the Journal of Environmental Health.

Biologic and Infectious Waste – This section from Emergency and Terrorism Preparedness for Environmental Health Practitioners contains general information on waste issues as well as new and emerging issues in biologic and infectious waste.

Enhancing the Public Health Perspective on Onsite Wastewater Systems [PDF - 325 KB] – discusses the need to develop monitoring methodologies and conduct epidemiologic studies that can enhance knowledge of onsite wastewater systems. This is one in a series of monthly Environmental Health Services Branch columns in the Journal of Environmental Health.

Environmental Public Health Online Courses (EPHOC) – comprehensive online/on-demand package of courses for environmental public health practitioners including a module on wastewater

Healthy Housing Reference Manual – revision provides information on the impact of housing on health and safety and includes a chapter on onsite wastewater treatment

Onsite Wastewater System Nitrogen Contributions to Groundwater in Coastal North Carolina [PDF - 388 KB] – evaluates nitrogen contributions from onsite wastewater systems to groundwater and surface waters in an effort to better understand the link of onsite systems, fate of nitrogen in the environment, and public health

South Bass Island Assessment [PDF - 1 MB] – environmental health assessment in 2004 identified potential sources of water contamination on Lake Erie's South Bass Island

Wastewater Management – overview of how land use decisions related to wastewater management affect water quality and public health

Water Security – This section from Emergency and Terrorism Preparedness for Environmental Health Practitioners provides information on the protection of water supplies as well as on responding to contamination threats and incidents.

Reports by Environmental Public Health Leadership Institute Graduates

These reports were prepared by graduates of CDC’s Environmental Public Health Leadership Institute. These documents have not been revised or edited to conform to agency standards. The findings and conclusions in these reports are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily represent the views of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. For more reports search the EPHLI fellow projects page.

A Multi-Agency Approach to Septic System Complaints [PDF - 342 KB]

Child Cares, Septic Systems, and Public Health [DOC - 816 KB]

Development of a Systematic Operations and Maintenance Program for On-Site Septic Systems in a Rural County, Washington State [DOC - 309 KB]

Failure of Onsite Wastewater Systems: Definitions, Practices, and Public Health Protection [DOC - 308 KB]

Identifying and Eliminating Barriers to Effective Monitoring Efforts for the Onsite Program in Ottawa County [PDF - 218 KB]

Increasing Public Awareness of Potential Groundwater Contamination from Pharmaceuticals and Personal Care Products at Homes with Private Wells and Onsite Sewage Treatment Systems [PDF - 285 KB]

New Deliverables for Virginia’s Onsite Sewage and Water Supply Programs: A Roadmap for Changing Services [DOC - 733 KB]

Our Facility: Solving Enforcement Problems for Small Wastewater Systems [DOC - 543 KB]

Pandemic Influenza Preparedness for Local Utilities [DOC - 399 KB]

Septage Disposal: Getting Rid of What No One Wants [PDF - 357 KB]

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Links to information from outside CDC

CDC Looks at Links Between Wastewater and Disease [PDF - 592 KB] (Small Flows Quarterly) – article announcing the formation of the Environmental Health Services Branch

EPA Wastewater Resources – (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency)

Groundwater Protection Council (Groundwater Protection Council) – national association of state groundwater agencies

Hazard Alert: Biological Hazards in Sewage and Wastewater Treatment Plants – (Center for Construction Research and Training)hazards workers may encounter during construction and maintenance of sewage and wastewater plants

Knowledge Area: Decentralized Systems (Water Environment Research Foundation) – news, products, and tools on decentralized wastewater management

Local Board of Health Guide to On-Site Wastewater Treatment Systems [PDF - 933 KB] (National Association of Local Boards of Health) – print and companion video/DVD guide designed to help local boards of health understand their roles in an effective on-site wastewater treatment program

National Onsite Wastewater Recycling Association (National Onsite Wastewater Recycling Association) – national professional organization to advance and promote the onsite wastewater industry

National Small Flows Clearinghouse (National Environmental Services Center) – organization providing objective information about onsite wastewater collection and treatment program

Onsite Consortium (Consortium of Institutes for Decentralized Wastewater Treatment) – group of educational institutions cooperating on decentralized wastewater training and research efforts

Onsite Sewage Treatment Program (University of Minnesota) – information on wastewater treatment for homeowners, small communities, professionals and policy-makers

Onsite Wastewater Systems (U.S. Geological Survey) – research projects on emerging contaminants

Septic Systems and Soil Properties (North Carolina State University) – program offers a series of fact sheets and training on septic systems and waste management

Slug Discharge Control and Spill Containment Policy (Sanitation Districts of Los Angeles County) – industrial waste policy developed to provide guidance to industrial users to prevent the accidental or inappropriate discharge of restricted materials to the sanitary sewer system

Stormwater Manager’s Resource Center (SMRC) (Center for Watershed Protection) – technical assistance on stormwater management issues

Treatment of Household Wastewater (National Ag Safety Database) – ideas to treat and handle wastewater when using a septic tank or similar on-site wastewater system

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