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QuickStats: Percentage of Adults Aged ≥20 Years Who Used Prescription Sleep Aids* in the Past 30 Days,† by Age Group and Sex — National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, United States, 2005–2010

The figure shows the percentage of adults aged ≥20 years who used prescription sleep aids in the past 30 days, by age group and sex, in the United States during 2005-2010. During this period, women were more likely to use a prescription sleep aid than men (5.0% versus 3.1%). Within the three age groups examined, women also were more likely to use a prescription sleep aid than men. For both men and women, adults aged 20-39 years reported lower use of sleep aids than adults aged 40-59 years and ≥60 years.

* Includes hypnotic drugs (e.g., butabarbital, chloral hydrate, estazolam, eszopiclone, flurazepam, quazepam, ramelteon, temazepam, triazolam, zaleplon, and zolpidem) and antidepressant drugs with sedative function (e.g., amitriptyline, doxepin, mirtazapine, and trazodone).

Based on response to the question, "Have you taken or used any medicines for which a doctor's or dentist's prescription is needed in the past month?" Respondents who answered affirmatively were asked to report the name, duration of use, and main reason for each product used.

§ 95% confidence interval.

The overall estimate is age-adjusted to the 2000 projected U.S. standard population using the age groups 20–39, 40–59, and ≥60 years.

During 2005–2010, women were more likely to use a prescription sleep aid than men (5.0% versus 3.1%). Within the three age groups examined, women also were more likely to use a prescription sleep aid than men. For both men and women, adults aged 20–39 years reported lower use of sleep aids than adults aged 40–59 years and ≥60 years.

Source: Chong Y, Fryar CD, Gu Q. Prescription sleep aid use among adults: United States, 2005–2010. NCHS data brief no. 127. Hyattsville, MD: US Department of Health and Human Services, CDC; 2013. Available at http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/databriefs/db127.htm.

Reported by: Yinong Chong, PhD, ychong@cdc.gov, 301-458-4145; Steven M. Frenk, PhD.

Alternate Text: The figure above shows the percentage of adults aged ≥20 years who used prescription sleep aids in the past 30 days, by age group and sex, in the United States during 2005-2010. During this period, women were more likely to use a prescription sleep aid than men (5.0% versus 3.1%). Within the three age groups examined, women also were more likely to use a prescription sleep aid than men. For both men and women, adults aged 20-39 years reported lower use of sleep aids than adults aged 40-59 years and ≥60 years.



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