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National Depression Screening Day --- October 7, 2010

National Depression Screening Day, sponsored by Screening for Mental Health, will be observed October 7, 2010, during Mental Illness Awareness Week, October 3--9, which is sponsored by the National Alliance on Mental Illness. In 2004, depression was the third leading cause of disease burden worldwide and a leading cause of disability in high-income countries (1). By 2020, depression is expected to be second only to cardiovascular disease in disease burden (1). Depression can adversely affect the course and outcome of common chronic conditions, such as arthritis, asthma, cardiovascular disease, cancer, diabetes, and obesity (2). Depression also can result in increased work absenteeism, short-term disability, and decreased productivity (3).

The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force recommends that health-care providers screen adults for depression when programs are in place to ensure that accurate diagnosis and effective treatment can be provided with careful monitoring and follow-up (4). An online self-assessment of emotional health and additional information regarding National Depression Screening Day are available at http://www.mentalhealthscreening.org. Additional information regarding Mental Illness Awareness Week is available at http://www.nami.org.

References

  1. World Health Organization. The global burden of disease: 2004 update. Geneva, Switzerland: WHO Press; 2008. Available at http://www.who.int/healthinfo/global_burden_disease/GBD_report_2004update_full.pdf. Accessed September 29, 2010.
  2. Chapman DP, Perry GS, Strine TW. The vital link between chronic disease and depressive disorders. Prev Chronic Dis 2005;2:A14.
  3. Goetzel RZ, Hawkins K, Ozminkowski RJ, Wang S. The health and productivity cost burden of the "top 10" physical and mental health conditions affecting six large U.S. employers in 1999. J Occup Environ Med 2003;45:5--14.
  4. US Preventive Services Task Force. Screening for depression in adults: U.S. Preventive Services Task Force recommendation statement. Ann Intern Med 2009;151:784--92.


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