Preliminary Report of Microcephaly Potentially Associated with Zika Virus Infection During Pregnancy — Colombia, January–November 2016
December 9, 2016
In Colombia, approximately 105,000 suspected cases of Zika virus disease were reported during August 9, 2015–November 12, 2016, including nearly 20,000 in pregnant women. Zika virus infection during pregnancy is a known cause of microcephaly. This report provides preliminary information on cases of congenital microcephaly identified in Colombia during January 31–November 12, 2016. During this period, 476 cases of microcephaly were reported, compared with 110 cases reported during the same period in 2015. Microcephaly prevalence increased more than fourfold overall during the study period, from 2.1 per 10,000 live births in 2015 to 9.6 in 2016.
Consumption of Combustible and Smokeless Tobacco — United States, 2000–2015
December 9, 2016
Combustible and smokeless tobacco use causes adverse health outcomes, including cardiovascular disease and multiple types of cancer. During 2000–2015, combustible tobacco consumption declined overall, and total and per capita cigarette consumption declined each year during 2000–2014. However, during 2015, the number of cigarettes consumed was higher than during 2014, the first time annual cigarette consumption was higher than the previous year since 1973.
State Medicaid Expansion Tobacco Cessation Coverage and Number of Adult Smokers Enrolled in Expansion Coverage — United States, 2016
December 9, 2016
In 2015, 27.8% of adult Medicaid enrollees were current cigarette smokers, compared with 11.1% of adults with private health insurance, placing Medicaid enrollees at increased risk for smoking-related disease and death. By expanding Medicaid eligibility under the Affordable Care Act, 32 states have extended Medicaid cessation coverage to about 2.3 million adult smokers who were not previously eligible for Medicaid.
Abortion Surveillance — United States, 2013
November 25, 2016
Since 1969, CDC has conducted abortion surveillance to document the number and characteristics of women obtaining legal induced abortions in the United States. Each year, CDC requests abortion data from the central health agencies of 52 reporting areas (the 50 states, the District of Columbia, and New York City). The reporting areas provide this information voluntarily. For 2013, data were received from 49 reporting areas. For trend analysis, abortion data were evaluated from 47 areas that reported data every year during 2004–2013.
Recommendations and Reports
Core Elements of Outpatient Antibiotic Stewardship
November 11, 2016
Antibiotic stewardship is the effort to measure and improve how antibiotics are prescribed by clinicians and used by patients. Improving antibiotic prescribing involves implementing effective strategies to modify prescribing practices to align them with evidence-based recommendations for diagnosis and management. This report provides a framework for antibiotic stewardship for outpatient clinicians and facilities that routinely provide antibiotic treatment. Establishing effective antibiotic stewardship interventions can protect patients and improve clinical outcomes in outpatient health care settings.
Summary of Notifiable Infectious Diseases and Conditions — United States, 2014
October 14, 2016
Health-care providers in the United States are required to report certain infectious diseases to a specified state or local authority. A disease is designated as notifiable if timely information about individual cases is considered necessary for prevention and control of the disease. Each year, CDC publishes a summary of the cases of notifiable disease reported for the most recent year for which data is available. This report presents a summary of notifiable diseases for 2014.
Summary of Notifiable Noninfectious Conditions and Disease Outbreaks
October 14, 2016
The 2016 Summary of Notifiable Noninfectious Conditions and Disease Outbreaks — United States contains official statistics for the occurrence of nationally notifiable noninfectious conditions and disease outbreaks and is published for the second time in the same volume of MMWR as the annual Summary of Notifiable Infectious Diseases and Conditions. The summary includes seven chapters addressing the following subjects: acute pesticide-related illness and injury arising from occupational exposure, acute nonoccupational pesticide-related illness and injury, cancer, elevated blood lead levels among children, elevated blood lead levels among adults, silicosis, and foodborne and waterborne disease outbreaks. CDC’s Center for Surveillance, Epidemiology, and Laboratory Services (CSELS) coordinated the development and publication of this annual summary.
CDC’s Response to the 2014–2016 Ebola Epidemic — West Africa and United States
July 8, 2016
This historic 2014-2016 Ebola Epidemic in West Africa required a massive international response by multiple partners to assist the affected countries. This supplement present reports that chronicle major aspects of CDC’s response to the Ebola epidemic.
- Page last reviewed: December 9, 2016
- Page last updated: December 9, 2016
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