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Bipolar Disorder

Bipolar disorder (formerly known as “manic-depressive disorder”) is another major mood disorder in which the individual most commonly experiences episodes of depression and episodes of mania.1 Mania is characterized by clearly elevated, unrestrained, or irritable mood which may manifest in an exaggerated assessment of self-importance or grandiosity, sleeplessness, racing thoughts, pressured speech, and the tendency to engage in activities which appear pleasurable, but have a high potential for adverse consequences.2 As is true for depression, medications and some forms of psychotherapy are effective in the treatment of bipolar disorder (Andreasen & Black, 2006).


  1. Campbell RJ, Campbell’s psychiatric dictionary. (9th ed.). New York, Oxford, 2009.
  2. Andreasen NC, Black DW. Introductory textbook of psychiatry. (4th ed.). Arlington, VA:American Psychiatric Publishing, Inc., 2006.

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