Certain people are at increased risk for meningococcal disease. Some risk factors include:
- Meningococcal disease is more commonly diagnosed among infants, adolescents, and young adults. Learn more about vaccine recommendations for age groups at increased risk.
- Community setting
- Infectious diseases tend to spread wherever large groups of people gather together. Outbreaks of serogroup B meningococcal disease have been reported from college campuses during the last several years. Learn more about vaccine recommendations for those at increased risk in community settings.
- Certain medical conditions
- There are certain medical conditions and medications that put people at increased risk of meningococcal disease, such as not having a spleen, having a complement component deficiency, and being infected with HIV. Learn more about vaccine recommendations for those at increased risk due to certain medical conditions.
- Travelers to the meningitis belt in sub-Saharan Africa may be at risk for meningococcal disease. Learn more about vaccine recommendations for travelers.
- Page last reviewed: June 11, 2015
- Page last updated: September 9, 2016
- Content source:
- Content source: National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases