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Awarded Research Grant to Prevent Unintentional Injuries

Evaluating Child Safety Product Dissemination and Education

FOA Number: CE04-048: Research Grants to Prevent Unintentional Injuries
Project Period: 8/1/04–7/31/07
Application/Grant Number: 1-R49-CE000227-01
Principal Investigator: Andrea C. Gielen, ScD
The Johns Hopkins University
Bloomberg School of Public Health
624 N. Broadway Hampton House, Room 557
Baltimore, MD 21205
Phone: 410-955-2397
Fax: 410-614-2979
E-mail: agielen@jhsph.edu

Description

This project builds on previous CDC-funded research involving a Mobile Safety Center (MSC), developed to deliver safety products and education to low-income, urban families. Specific aims of this project are to (1) compare observed safety behaviors, safety knowledge, and prevention beliefs between a sample of MSC visitors and a comparable sample of non-visitors; and (2) using the Precaution Adoption Process Model (PAPM), describe families' readiness to adopt safety behaviors and monitor stage changes over time in a sample of MSC visitors and non-visitors.

Researchers will use a quasi-experimental design to compare a sample of Medicaid families with children ages 0 to 5 from the Johns Hopkins Community Physicians clinics who are recruited when they visit the MSC with a similar sample from the same clinics who have not visited the MSC. A total of 200 families will complete a baseline interview and two follow-up interviews and in-home assessments at 1 to 2 weeks and 6 months after study enrollment. Interviews will measure a parent's safety knowledge, prevention beliefs, injury history, sociodemographic characteristics, exposure to the MSC, and stage in the PAPM for three safety behaviors (smoke alarm use, poison storage, and car safety seat use). The home assessments will document observations of each of these three safety behaviors. Multiple regression analysis, which will allow researchers to adjust for differences between study groups, will be undertaken to address the study aims and test hypotheses regarding the benefits of visiting the MSC. Results of this study will enhance the theory-based and scholarly understanding of parents' safety behaviors. Findings will provide strong evaluation data on the MSC model approach to disseminating safety products. Taken together, the results should be helpful to researchers and practitioners alike who continue to seek ways of effectively disseminating safety products.

 
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