After we developed our five-year __logic model__, we needed to check the logical links to be sure it made sense and aligned with our new five-year __strategic plan__. We accomplished this by “reading” our logic model.

There are different approaches to reading a logic model: one moves from left to right and is known as the “__If-Then__” approach; the other moves from right to left and is known as the “__Reverse Logic__” or “how” approach. You can use either method to ensure that the items in each column logically connect to the items in the next column.

## If—Then

Start on the far left-hand side with inputs and think in terms of “If-Then” statements as you work from the left to the right of your logic model.

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[The animation demonstrates the “If-Then” process for reading a logic model, starting with inputs and moving from left to right as the user thinks in terms of If-Then statements.

- Certain resources are needed to operate your program. [Inputs]
- If you have access to them, then you can implement your chosen strategies/activities. [Strategies/Activities]
- If you implement your strategies/activities, then you will produce a certain amount of intended product or service. [Outputs]
- If you produce the intended products and services, then, over time, your targeted population should benefit in certain ways. [Short-term, Intermediate, and Long-term Outcomes]
- If these benefits are achieved, then certain changes in organizations, communities, or systems might be expected to occur. [Overall Program Goal]

## Reverse Logic

Begin with the long-term outcomes at the right-hand side and work backwards, asking, “How will we accomplish this?”

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[This activity is designed to reinforce the "Reverse Logic" approach to constructing a logic model by illustrating how to identify Outputs, Activities, and Inputs using the approach.

- With your overall program goal statement in mind, ask yourself the following questions:

“How will we know we accomplished this: - a. in 4 to 6 years” (long-term outcomes)
- b. in 3 to 5 years?” (intermediate outcomes)
- c. in 1 to 3 years?” (short-term outcomes)
- Look at your outcomes and ask yourself: “How much service or product will be needed to accomplish these outcomes?” These are your outputs.
- Considering these outputs, ask yourself: “Which strategies/activities will produce these outputs?” These are your chosen strategies/activities.
- When considering these strategies/activities, ask yourself: “How will we implement these?” and “What do we need?” These are the inputs.]

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