School connectedness—the belief held by students that adults and peers in the school care about their learning as well as about them as individuals—is an important protective factor. Research has shown that young people who feel connected to their school are less likely to engage in many risk behaviors1, including early sexual initiation, alcohol, tobacco, and other drug use, and violence and gang involvement.
Students who feel connected to their school are also more likely to have better academic achievement, including higher grades and test scores, have better school attendance, and stay in school longer.2-5
Efforts to improve child and adolescent health have typically addressed specific health risk behaviors, such as tobacco use or violence. However, results from a growing number of studies suggest that greater health impact might be achieved by also enhancing protective factors that help children and adolescents avoid multiple behaviors that place them at risk for adverse health and educational outcomes.
Strategy Guide on Fostering School Connectedness
Six strategies that teachers, administrators, other school staff, and parents can implement to increase the extent to which students feel connected to school:
Fact Sheets on Fostering School Connectedness
- For School Districts and School Administrators [pdf 1.8M]
- For Teachers and Other School Staff [pdf 1.4M]
- For Parents and Families [pdf 1M]
Staff Development Program on Fostering School Connectedness
Staff development can strengthen school staff members' abilities to improve school connectedness for students in their school. The Fostering School Connectedness Staff Development Program is designed to
This guide provides step-by-step procedures, activities, materials, resources, and PowerPoint® presentations (with speaker narrative and notes) for implementing two staff development programs — a 45-minute basic overview of school connectedness, or a 2-hour training to plan actions for improving school connectedness. Also included are interactive activities that give participants opportunities to reflect on and apply their own knowledge and experience regarding school connectedness.
Also included are interactive activities that give participants opportunities to reflect on and apply their own knowledge and experience regarding school connectedness.
Fostering School Connectedness: Staff Development Program Facilitator's Guide [pdf 4.2M]
- Overview of School Connectedness [24 slides, ppt 994K] | PDF [419K]
- Action Planning for School Connectedness [31 slides, ppt 1.1M] | PDF [500K]
- Resnick MD, Bearman PS, Blum RW, Bauman KE, Harris KM, Jones J, et al. Protecting adolescents from harm: findings from the National Longitudinal Study on Adolescent Health. JAMA 1997;278(10):823-832.
- Klem AM, Connell JP. Relationships matter: linking teacher support to student engagement and achievement. Journal of School Health 2004;74(7):262-273.
- Rosenfeld LB, Richman JM, Bowen GL. Low social support among at-risk adolescents. Social Work in Education 1998;20:245-260.
- Battin-Pearson S, Newcomb MD, Abbot RD, Hill KG, Catalano RF, Hawkins JD. Predictors of early high school dropout: a test of five theories. Journal of Educational Psychology 2000;92(3):568-582.
- Barber BK, Olsen JA. Socialization in context: connection, regulation, and autonomy in the family, school and neighborhood, and with peers. Journal of Adolescent Research 1997;12(2):287-315.