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Summary of Surveillance Activities

Surveillance is the ongoing collection, analysis, and interpretation of data from generalizable samples. CDC's Division of Adolescent and School Health (DASH) collects data on youth and school health policies and practices.

Printable brochure available as a PDF file [5.1M]

  Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System (YRBSS) School Health Policies and Practices Study
(SHPPS)
School Health Profiles
(Profiles)
National State/Territorial/
Tribal/District
Other
Purpose
  • To determine the prevalence of health-risk behaviors among students

  • To assess trends in these behaviors

  • To examine the co-occurrence of health-risk behaviors
To provide national data on components of school health at the state, school district, school, and classroom levels To provide data on health policies and activities in schools for states, large urban school districts, territories, and tribal governments
Content
  • Behaviors that contribute to unintentional injuries and violence

  • Sexual behaviors that contribute to unintended pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections, including HIV infection

  • Alcohol and other drug use

  • Tobacco use

  • Unhealthy dietary behaviors

  • Inadequate physical activity

  • Obesity

  • Asthma
  • Health education

  • Physical education and physical activity

  • Health services

  • Mental health and social services

  • Nutrition environment and services

  • Healthy and safe school environment

  • Physical environment

  • Employee wellness

  • Family engagement

  • Community involvement
  • School health education requirements and content

  • School health policies related to HIV infection/AIDS, tobacco-use prevention, and nutrition

  • Physical education and physical activity

  • Asthma management activities

  • Family and community involvement in school health programs

  • School health coordination
Sample

Nationally representative sample of public and private high school students

Representative samples of mostly public high school students in each jurisdiction Representative samples of students in:
  • Middle schools

  • Alternative schools
  • All states

  • Nationally representative sample of school districts

  • Nationally representative sample of public and private elementary schools, middle schools, and high schools
Representative sample of public middle schools and high schools in each state, territory, tribal government,  or school district
Methods Self-administered paper-and-pencil questionnaires, conducted in classrooms Computer-assisted personal interviews, Web-based surveys, and self-administered, mailed questionnaires Self-administered, mailed questionnaires
Timing Biennially, since 1991 Varied Every 6 years, since 1994 Biennially, since 1994
Example Statements In 2013, 46.9% of Hispanic female high school students in the U.S. had ever had sexual intercourse. In 2013, 43.3% of female high school students in Kentucky had ever had sexual intercourse. In 2013, 10.4% of middle school students in Chicago had ever had sexual intercourse.

State:
In 2012, 74.0% of states assisted districts or schools by developing, revising, or assisting in the development of model policies, policy guidance, or other materials for HIV prevention education.

District:
In 2012, 82.2% of districts had adopted a policy stating that high schools will teach HIV prevention.

School:
In 2006, 88.4% of high schools required the teaching of HIV prevention.

In 2012, 96.6% of secondary schools in Arkansas had teachers that taught how to prevent HIV, other STDs, and pregnancy in a required course in any of grades 9, 10, 11, or 12.
Ownership of Data CDC States, territories, tribal governments, and school districts Same CDC States, territories, tribal governments, and school districts
Contractor ICF International Westat, Inc., plus companies hired by states, territories, tribal governments, and school districts Same ICF International Westat, Inc., plus companies hired by states, territories, tribal governments, and school districts
Web Site www.cdc.gov/yrbs www.cdc.gov/shpps www.cdc.gov/schoolhealthprofiles
* Surveillance is the ongoing collection, analysis, and interpretation of data from generalizable samples.

 

 
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