Nigeria is one of three countries, including Afghanistan and Pakistan, where wild poliovirus (WPV) transmission has never been interrupted. Nigeria is also the only country in the world with ongoing transmission of three types of poliovirus: wild poliovirus (WPV) type 1, WPV type 3, and circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus type 2.
On December 2, 2011, CDC Director Thomas R. Frieden, MD, MPH, activated CDC’s Emergency Operations Center to strengthen the agency’s partnership engagement through the Global Polio Eradication Initiative (GPEI), which is committed to eradicating polio. Partners in the initiative include CDC, WHO, Rotary International, UNICEF, and more recently the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation. CDC serves as a lead technical partner.
CDC helps GPEI efforts in Nigeria by:
- Providing training and assistance to the Nigerian government and partners to improve the use of data to monitor coverage and quality of polio vaccination campaigns;
- Providing field consultants through the National Stop Transmission of Polio program to support polio eradication activities in high risk states;
- Supporting the development of a “Dashboard” system used by senior Nigerian decision makers to monitor key indicators of vaccination campaign performance including pre-campaign preparations;
- Supporting efforts to increase vaccination coverage among children in missed communities including nomadic populations;
- Supporting media engagement to increase acceptance of polio vaccination; and,
- Piloting projects to improve cold transport of vaccine, as well as stool samples for testing.
Visit Updates on CDC’s Polio Eradication Efforts Web site for the most up-to-date information on CDC’s polio activities.