Note: On June 22, 2016, CDC’s Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) recommended a change to U.S. influenza vaccination policy for 2016-2017. The ACIP recommendation must be reviewed and approved by CDC’s Director, and the final recommendations will be published in a CDC Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR), in late summer or early fall. The content of this website will be reviewed and updated prior to the 2016-2017 influenza season.
CDC recommends a yearly flu vaccine for everyone 6 months and older. All 2015-2016 flu vaccine will have expired by June 30, 2016. Flu vaccines for the 2016-2017 season will be available in the fall of 2016. Flu vaccination can reduce flu illnesses, doctors' visits, and missed work and school due to flu illness, as well as prevent flu-related hospitalizations.
CDC also recommends that patients suspected of having influenza who are at high risk of flu complications or who are very sick with flu-like illness should receive prompt treatment with influenza antiviral drugs without waiting for confirmatory testing.
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There are many different influenza A viruses; some are found in humans and others in animals such as avian flu in birds and poultry.
U.S. H5 Viruses: Highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) H5 infections have been reported in U.S. birds and poultry. No human infections with these viruses have been detected at this time, however similar viruses have infected people in other countries and caused serious illness and death in some cases.
Influenza viruses that normally circulate in pigs are called “variant” viruses when they are found in people. Influenza A H3N2 variant viruses (also known as “H3N2v” viruses) with the matrix (M) gene from the 2009 H1N1 pandemic virus were first detected in people in July 2011.
CDC’s pandemic preparedness efforts include ongoing surveillance of human and animal influenza viruses, risk assessments of influenza viruses with pandemic potential, and the development and improvement of preparedness tools that can aid public health practitioners in the event of an influenza pandemic.
Bat influenza refers to influenza A viruses found in bats. Laboratory research at CDC suggests these viruses would need to undergo significant changes to become capable of infecting and spreading easily among humans. Little yellow shouldered bats are not native to the continental United States, but are common in Central and South America.
Influenza A viruses are found in humans and many different animals, including ducks, chickens, pigs, whales, horses and seals. Additional information on 2009 H1N1 influenza, Flu.gov, and Nonpharmaceutical Interventions (NPIs).
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The latest report on CDC's international flu activities highlights the progress that has been made over the past two fiscal years in establishing, expanding and maintaining influenza surveillance and laboratory capacity in more than 50 countries around the world where CDC has provided support.
- CDC’s Vaccines Advisory Committee Recommends Against Nasal Spray Flu Vaccine for 2016-2017 Thursday, June 23, 2016
- Influenza Division International Program: Fiscal years 2014 & 2015 Activities Report Tuesday, June 21, 2016
- Influenza Activity — United States, 2015–16 Season and Composition of the 2016–17 Influenza Vaccine Friday, June 17, 2016
- FluView - Weekly Influenza Surveillance Report Friday, June 17, 2016
- Situation Update: Summary of Weekly FluView Report Friday, June 10, 2016
- Page last reviewed: June 22, 2016
- Page last updated: June 22, 2016
- Content source:
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases (NCIRD)
- Page maintained by: Office of the Associate Director for Communication, Digital Media Branch, Division of Public Affairs