Skip directly to search Skip directly to A to Z list Skip directly to navigation Skip directly to site content Skip directly to page options
CDC Home

Suicide: Prevention Strategies

Suicide is a serious but preventable public health problem that can have lasting harmful effects on individuals, families, and communities. While its causes are complex the goal of suicide prevention is simple—reduce factors that increase risk and increase factors that promote resilience or coping. With a public health approach, prevention occurs at all levels of society—from the individual, family, and community levels to the broader social environment. Effective prevention strategies are needed to promote awareness of suicide while at the same time promoting prevention, resilience, and a commitment to social change.

A public health approach to suicide prevention may be undertaken using the following resources:

Strategizing for Suicide Prevention

Effective and Promising Programs

  • Best Practices Registry: Suicide Prevention Resource Center
    The Suicide Prevention Resource Center (SPRC), in collaboration with the American Foundation for Suicide Prevention, maintains the Best Practices Registry (BPR). This registry, funded by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, identifies, reviews, and disseminates information about best practices that address specific objectives of the National Strategy for Suicide Prevention.
  • SAMHSA’s National Registry of Evidence-Based Programs and Practices
    The National Registry of Evidence-based Programs and Practices (NREPP) is a searchable online registry of mental health and substance abuse interventions that have been reviewed and rated by independent reviewers.

Reviews of Preventive Interventions

  1. Beautrais, A., Fergusson, D., Coggan, C., Collings, C., Doughty, C., Ellis, P., et al. (2007). Effective strategies for suicide prevention in New Zealand: a review of the evidence. N Z Med J, 120(1251), U2459.
  2. Gould MS, Greenberg T, Velting DM & Shaffer D. Youth suicide risk and preventive interventions: A review of the past 10 years. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 2003; 42:386-405.
  3. Krug, EG, Dahlberg, LL, Mercy, JA, Zwi, AB, and Lozano. R. (2002). Chapter 7. Self-Directed Violence. In the World Report on Violence and Health Geneva, World Health Organization. [PDF 239KB]
  4. Mann JJ, Apter A, Bertolote J, et al. Suicide prevention strategies: a systematic review. Journal of the American Medical Association 2005;294;2064-74.
  5. National Research Council. Reducing Suicide: A National Imperative. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press, 2002. Available online at: http://www.nap.edu/books/0309083214/html/

Other Resources

 

CDC 24/7 – Saving Lives. Protecting People. Learn More About How CDC Works For You…Understanding Evidence - Learn More

Contact Us:
  • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
    National Center for Injury Prevention and Control (NCIPC)
    4770 Buford Hwy, NE
    MS F-63
    Atlanta, GA 30341-3717
  • 800-CDC-INFO
    (800-232-4636)
    TTY: (888) 232-6348
    New Hours of Operation:
    8am-8pm ET/
    Monday-Friday
    Closed Holidays
  • Contact CDC-INFO
  • Page last reviewed: December 31, 2013
  • Page last updated: December 31, 2013
USA.gov: The U.S. Government's Official Web PortalDepartment of Health and Human Services
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention   1600 Clifton Rd. Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
800-CDC-INFO (800-232-4636) TTY: (888) 232-6348 - Contact CDC-INFO