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Intimate Partner Violence: Prevention Strategies

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Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a serious problem that has lasting and harmful effects on individuals, families, and communities. The goal for IPV prevention is to stop it from happening in the first place. However, the solutions are just as complex as the problem.

Prevention efforts should ultimately reduce the occurrence of IPV by promoting healthy, respectful, nonviolent relationships. Healthy relationships can be promoted by addressing change at all levels of the social ecology that influence IPV: individual, relationship, community, and society. Additionally, effective prevention efforts will reduce known risk factors for IPV and promote healthy relationships.

Evidence

  • CDC's National Intimate Partner and Sexual Violence Survey (NISVS)
    NISVS is the first ongoing survey dedicated solely to describing and monitoring sexual violence, stalking, and intimate partner violence victimization as public health issues in the United States.
  • Violence Prevention Evidence Base
    The Centre for Public Health at Liverpool John Moores University developed this database, which provides access to abstracts from published studies that have measured the effectiveness of interventions to prevent violence. Studies included in the database must have measured the direct impact of interventions on violence. Studies are selected through a systematic review of published academic literature. Abstracts can be searched by violence type, keywords, and geographical area of implementation.
  • World Report on Violence and Health [PDF 222 KB]
    This report is the first comprehensive review of violence on a global scale. Chapter 4 provides detailed information on IPV, including prevention strategies.

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Resources

Online

Books and Articles

  • Avery-Leaf S, Cascardi M. Dating violence education: prevention and early intervention strategies. In: Schewe P A, editor. Preventing violence in relationships: interventions across the life span. Washington (DC): American Psychological Association; 2002. p. 79–105.
  • Babcock J C, Green C E, Robie C. Does batterers' treatment work? A meta-analytic review of domestic violence treatment. Clin Psychol Rev 2004; 23(8):1023–53.
  • Foshee VA, Reyes H L M. Primary prevention of adolescent dating abuse perpetration: when to begin, whom to target, and how to do It. In: Whitaker D J, Lutzker JR.  Preventing partner violence: research and evidence-based intervention strategies. Washington (DC): American Psychological Association; 2009. p. 141–68.
  • Hickman L J, Jaycox LH, Aranoff J. Dating violence among adolescents: prevalence, gender distribution, and prevention program effectiveness. Trauma Violence Abus 2009; 5:123–42.
  • Mitchell C, Anglin D editors. Intimate partner violence: a health based perspective. New York (NY): Oxford University Press; 2009.
  • Nelson HE, Bougatsos C, Blazina I. Screening women for intimate partner violence: a systematic review to update the 2004 U.S. Preventive Services Task Force recommendation. Ann Intern Med 2012; 156: (11):796–808.
  • Ruff S, McComb JL, Coker CJ, Sprenkle DH. Behavioral couples therapy for the treatment of substance abuse: a substantive and methodological review of O’Farrell, Fals-Stewart, and colleagues’ program of research. Fam Process 2010; 49:439–56.
  • Whitaker DJ, Baker CK, Arias I. Interventions to prevent intimate partner violence. In: Doll L, Bonzo S, Sleet D, Mercy J, Hass E, editors. Handbook of injury and violence prevention. New York (NY): Springer; 2007. P. 183–201.
  • Whitaker JD, Lutzker JR, editors. Preventing partner violence: research and evidence-based intervention strategies. Washington (DC): American Psychological Association; 2009.
  • Whitaker DJ, Morrison S, Lindquist CA, Hawkins SR, O'Neil  JA, Nesius AM, Mathew A, Reese L. A critical review of interventions for the primary prevention of perpetration of partner violence. Aggress Violent Beh 2006; 11:151–66.

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