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Geographic Comparison of Health Indicators

 
More info on Prevalence Tables:
 Summary of Health Indicators
 Summary of Breastfeeding Indicators
 Geographic Comparison of Health Indicators
 Health Indicators by Demographic Variables
 Birth Outcome and Risk Factor Analysis
   

Use

Use the Geographic Comparison Tables to compare overall prevalence for health indicators from one geographic area (clinic, county, contributor, etc.) to the overall prevalence for the same indicators for another area.

Only the geographic tables for health indicators are produced at all levels:

  • A=Clinic
  • B=County
  • C=Contributor (state, District of Columbia, U.S. territory, or tribal government)
  • D=Nation
  • E=Region
  • F=Local Agency
  • G=Metro Area

The report for the Nation (D) includes the overall prevalence for each contributor included in the national report.

PedNSS Geographic Comparison of Health Indicators tables include:

  • Table 6, Comparison of Growth and Anemia Indicators
  • Table 7, Comparison of Breastfeeding, TV Viewing, and Smoking in Household

PNSS Geographic Comparison of Health Indicators tables include:

  • Table 5, Comparison of Maternal Health Indicators
  • Table 6, Comparison of Maternal Behavioral Indicators
  • Table 7, Comparison of Smoking Indicators
  • Table 8, Comparison of Infant Health Indicators

These tables can be used to answer questions such as:

  • What is the prevalence of overweight in one county compared to another county?


Interpreting the Data

The following paragraphs provide general information about the table data that will help you with interpretation.

Title
For PedNSS, the table titles show the health indicators that are analyzed in the table.  For PNSS, the table title includes a group of health indicators but only selected health indicators are included in the group.
Review the PNSS table titles.

Ranking
The prevalence of the health indicator is ranked numerically from best to worst to simplify identification of the geographic area with the best or worst ranking. The numerical ranking is shown in parentheses next to the prevalence. A ranking of (1) always indicates the geographic area with the “best” (or most desirable) prevalence. For some indicators, the most desirable prevalence is the highest value; for other indicators, the most desirable prevalence is the lowest value. For example:

  • For breastfeeding (a high prevalence is desirable). The geographic area with the highest prevalence would be ranked (1).
  • For birthweight (a low prevalence is desirable). The geographic area with the lowest prevalence would be ranked (1).


Sample: PedNSS Table 6B, Geographic Comparison of Health Indicators

We're going to look at sections of the PedNSS Table 6B Geographic Comparison of Health Indicators. You can click on the View Sample Table link below each portion to review the entire table. The sample table is numbered to match the portions shown below.


Ranking and Prevalence

Sample: PedNSS Table 3C Summary of Breastfeeding Indicators

view tableView Sample PedNSS Table 6B, Comparison of Growth and Anemia Indicators by County

1 This “B” or county-level table includes the prevalence of birthweight for each county in the state.

The number in parentheses next to the prevalence is the numerical ranking. In this instance, a ranking of (1) indicates the geographic area with the “best” prevalence.

For example, in Adams county, 188 records are included in the analysis for Birthweight; the prevalence of Low for this age group is 4%. Adams county is ranked as (1).

An * (asterisk) for the prevalence of Low and High Birthweight in Alexander county indicates that fewer than 100 records are available for analysis after exclusions. Prevalence is not calculated for health indicators with less than 100 records.

Review the definition of Birthweight and its prevalence calculation.


Equal Ranking

Sample: PedNSS Table 3C Summary of Breastfeeding Indicators

view tableView Sample PedNSS Table 6B, Comparison of Growth and Anemia Indicators by County

2 If multiple geographic areas have the same prevalence, they are ranked equally. For example:
  • Two geographic areas above have the same prevalence, 10.4%. They are ranked equally at (50) or 50th and not 50th and 51st.
  • The geographic area with the next highest prevalence, 11.8%, is ranked 52nd, not 51st.


State and National Comparison

Sample: PedNSS Table 3C Summary of Breastfeeding Indicators

view tableView Sample PedNSS Table 6B, Comparison of Growth and Anemia Indicators by County

3 The last two rows of the report provide a state and national PedNSS comparison.

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United States Department of Health and Human Services
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion
Division of Nutrition and Physical Activity

This page last updated March 04, 2010

United States Department of Health and Human Services
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion
Division of Nutrition and Physical Activity