Skip directly to search Skip directly to A to Z list Skip directly to site content
CDC Home

PCD Logo

ESSAY

An Integrated Framework for Assessing the Value of Community-Based Prevention: A Report of the Institute of Medicine

A new framework is proposed for valuing community-based prevention interventions. This framework takes a comprehensive view of both the benefits and harms in the 3 major domains of health, community well-being, and community process as well as a comprehensive view of the resource use (both savings and costs) associated with such interventions. The framework then proposes a summary metric called “community benefit” that summarizes the value assigned to the 3 domains of health. It also assigns a summary metric on the cost side called the “community costs.” Finally, the framework considers the value metric of community-based prevention initiatives as the ratio of community benefit to community costs, which ultimately reflects a comprehensive view of all benefits, harms, savings, and costs of the interventions considered.

Figure. Framework for assessing the value of community-based prevention interventions, 2012. Abbreviations: QALYs, quality-adjusted life years; HALE, health-adjusted life expectancy. Reprinted with permission from the Institute of Medicine.

Return to article



The opinions expressed by authors contributing to this journal do not necessarily reflect the opinions of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, the Public Health Service, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, or the authors' affiliated institutions.

 
For Questions About This Article Contact pcdeditor@cdc.gov
USA.gov: The U.S. Government's Official Web PortalDepartment of Health and Human Services
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention   1600 Clifton Rd. Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
800-CDC-INFO (800-232-4636) TTY: (888) 232-6348 - Contact CDC–INFO
A-Z Index
  1. A
  2. B
  3. C
  4. D
  5. E
  6. F
  7. G
  8. H
  9. I
  10. J
  11. K
  12. L
  13. M
  14. N
  15. O
  16. P
  17. Q
  18. R
  19. S
  20. T
  21. U
  22. V
  23. W
  24. X
  25. Y
  26. Z
  27. #