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CDC Compendium of Effective Fall Interventions: What Works for Community-Dwelling Older Adults, 3rd Edition

This collection of effective fall interventions is designed to help public health practitioners, senior service providers, clinicians, and others who want to address older adult falls in their community.

This 3rd edition of the Compendium describes single interventions (15 exercise interventions, 4 home modification interventions, and 10 clinical interventions) and 12 multifaceted interventions (which address multiple risk factors). Each intervention is presented using a standardized format that includes a short summary and additional implementation details:

  • Purpose
  • Program setting
  • Content
  • Number of sessions
  • Duration
  • Type of provider
  • Provider’s training
  • Key elements
  • Available materials
  • Contact information for the principal investigator

The Compendium also includes summary tables comparing characteristics of different interventions, a bibliography, and supplemental materials.

Table of Contents

Introduction

Single Interventions

Exercise

  • Stay Safe, Stay Active Barnett, et al. (2003)
  • The Otago Exercise Program Campbell, et al. and Robertson, et al.
  • LiFE (Lifestyle approach to reducing Falls through Exercise) Clemson, et al. (2012)
  • Erlangen Fitness Intervention Freiberger, et al. (2007)
  • Senior Fitness and Prevention (SEFIP) Kemmler, et al. (2010)
  • Adapted Physical Activity Program Kovacs, et al. (2013)
  • Tai Chi: Moving for Better Balance Li, et al. (2005)
  • Australian Group Exercise Program Lord, et al. (2003)
  • Yaktrax® Walker McKiernan (2005)
  • Veterans Affairs Group Exercise Program Rubenstein, et al. (2000)
  • Falls Management Exercise (FaME) Intervention Skelton, et al. (2005)
  • Music-Based Multitask Exercise Program Trombetti, et al. (2011)
  • Central Sydney Tai Chi Tria l Voukelatos, et al. (2007)
  • Simplified Tai Chi Wolf, et al. (1996)
  • Multi-target Stepping Program Yamada, et al. (2013)
  • Table 1. Summary Table of studies and Study Population
  • Table 2. Study Methodology
  • Table 3. Intervention Characteristics

Home Modification

  • The VIP Trial Campbell, et al. (2005)
  • Home Visits by an Occupational Therapist Cumming, et al. (1999)
  • Falls-HIT (Home Intervention Team) Program Nikolaus, et al. (2003)
  • Home Assessment and Modification Pighills, et al. (2011)
  • Table 1. Summary Table of studies and Study Population
  • Table 2. Study Methodology
  • Table 3 Intervention Characteristics

Clinical

  • Three-Year Study of Vitamin D (Cholecalciferol) Plus Calcium  Bischoff-Ferrari, et al. (2006)
  • Psychotropic Medication Withdrawal  Campbell, et al. (1999)
  • Active Vitamin D (Calcitriol) as a Falls Intervention  Gallagher, et al. (2007)
  • VISIBLE (Visual Intervention Strategy Incorporating Bifocal and Long-distance Eyewear) Study  Haran, et al. (2010)
  • Vitamin D to Prevent Falls After Hip Fracture  Harwood, et al. (2004)
  • Cataract Surgery  Harwood, et al. (2006)
  • Pacemaker Surgery  Kenny, et al. (2001)
  • Study of 1000 IU Vitamin D Daily for One Year  Pfeifer, et al. (2009)
  • Quality Use of Medicines Program  Pit, et al. (2007)
  • Podiatry & Exercise Intervention  Spink, et al. (2011)
  • Table 1. Summary Table of studies and Study Population Characteristics
  • Table 2. Study Methodology
  • Table 3 Intervention Characteristics

Multifaceted Interventions

  • Stepping On  Clemson, et al. (2004)
  • PROFET (Prevention of Falls in the Elderly Trial) Close, et al. (1999)
  • Accident & Emergency Fallers Davison, et al. (2005)
  • The NoFalls Intervention Day, et al. (2002)
  • The SAFE Health Behavior and Exercise Intervention Hornbrook, et al. (1994)
  • Falls Team Prevention Program  Logan, et al. (2010)
  • KAAOS (Falls and Osteoporosis Clinic  Palvanen, et al. (2014)
  • Multifactorial Fall Prevention Program  Salminen, et al. (2009)
  • Nijmegen Falls Prevention Program (NFPP) for adults with Osteoporosis  Smulders, et al. (2010)
  • The Winchester Falls Project  Spice, et al. (2009)
  • Yale FCSIT (Frailty and Injuries: Cooperative Studies of Intervention Techniques) Tinetti, et al. (1994)
  • A Multifactorial Program  Wagner, et al. (1994)
  • Table 1. Summary Table of studies and Study Population Characteristics
  • Table 2. Study Methodology
  • Table 3 Intervention Characteristics

Appendices

 
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