Health Risks and Disparities Experienced by Hispanic
Health Disparities Experienced by Hispanic Children, Youth, and Adults
Disparities Experienced by Hispanic
During 2003-2004, 65% of Hispanic children and
adolescents were reported by their parents to be in excellent or very
good health compared with 90% of white children.1
During 2003-2004, teeth conditions for 21% of Hispanic
children and adolescents were poor or fair compared with 11% of black
and 6% of white children.1
Studies have found that Hispanic youth experience
proportionately more anxiety-related behaviors, delinquency, and
depression than do non-Hispanic white youth.2-5
During 2001-2002, 39.9% of Mexican-American males aged
2-19 years were obese or overweight compared to 28.4% of non-Hispanic
white males. Among Mexican-American females aged 2-5 years, 31.8% were
obese or overweight compared with 18.9% of non-Hispanic white females.6
During 2004-2006, the overall asthma prevalence rate for
children aged 5-17 years was higher for both non-Hispanic whites (9.4%)
and for non-Hispanic blacks (13.6%) than for Hispanics (9.2%). However,
a large disparity exists within the Hispanic population. Puerto Rican
children as a subgroup had an asthma prevalence rate of 21.8% during the
same time period.7
Disparities Experienced by Hispanic Adults
In 2005, after adjusting for population age
differences, Mexican-Americans were 1.7 times more likely to have
diabetes than non-Hispanic whites.8
The 5-year survival rate for breast cancer is 85%
for non-Hispanic white women, but only 76% for Hispanic women.9
In 2004, Hispanics were about 3 times more likely
to have chlamydia than non-Hispanic whites (436.1/100,000 vs.
In 2005, the rate of HIV/AIDS cases among the
Hispanic population was more than 3 times greater compared with
The 2006 National Health Interview Survey found
that 26.3% of Hispanics lacked health insurance for more than a year,
compared with 6.9% of non-Hispanic whites and 10.4% of non-Hispanic
During 2001-2004, Mexican women aged 20-74 years were
significantly more likely to be obese compared with non-Hispanic white
women (40.3% vs. 30.5%).13
In 2003, the age-adjusted incidence rate for
cervical cancer in Hispanic women was 13.8 per 100,000 population
compared with 6.3 for non-Hispanic white women.13
Flores G, Tomany-Korman SC. Racial and ethnic disparities in medical and
dental health, access to care, and use of services in US children.
- Glover SH, Pumariega AJ, Holzer CE, Wise BK,
Rodriquez M. Anxiety symptomatology in Mexican American adolescents.
Journal of Child and Family Studies 1999;(8):47-57.
- Roberts RE, Chen Y. Depressive symptoms and suicidal
ideation among Mexican-origin and Anglo adolescents. Journal of the
American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry 1995;(34):81-90.
- Roberts RE, Roberts C, Chen YR. Ethnocultural
differences in prevalence of adolescent depression. American Journal of
Community Psychology 1997;(25):95-110.
- Vazsonyi AT, Flannery D. Early adolescent delinquent
behaviors: Associations with family and school domains. Journal of Early
- Ogden CL, Carroll MD, Curtin LR, McDowell MA, Tabak
CJ, Flegal KM. Prevalence of overweight and obesity in the United
States, 1999-2004. JAMA 2006;95(13):1549-1555.
- CDC. National
Center for Health Statistics.
Accessed on September 2008.
- National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and
Kidney Diseases. National Diabetes Statistics fact sheet: general
information and national estimates on diabetes in the United States,
(2005). Bethesda, MD: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services,
National Institutes of Health.
- Abraido-Lanza A, Chao M, Gammon M. Breast and
cervical cancer screening among Latinas and non-Latina Whites. American
Journal of Public Health 2004;94(8):1393-1398.
Transmitted Disease Surveillance, 2004, Table 11B. Atlanta, GA: US
Department of Health and Human Services; 2005.
- CDC. HIV/AIDS surveillance report, 2005. Vol. 17.
Atlanta, GA: US Department of Health and Human Services; 2006:1-54.
- Cohen RA, Martinez ME.
Health insurance coverage: early release of estimates from the National
Health Interview Survey, January–June 2006. [pdf
- CDC. Health, United States; 2006. [pdf 7.73M]
Rockville, MD: US Department of Health and Human Services; 2006 .
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