Legal Status of EPT in Illinois
EPT is permissible.
|I. Statutes/regs on health care providers’ authority to prescribe for STDs to a patient’s partner(s) w/out prior evaluation (Explanation)|| Concerning physical examination and medical treatment for syphilis, gonorrhea, or chlamydia, if an examination has not taken place, public health authorities shall request individuals to report for examination and complete treatment pursuant to the examination results. Ill. Admin. Code tit. 77, § 693.50.
“Notwithstanding any other provision of law, a health care professional who makes a clinical diagnosis of chlamydia, or gonorrhea, or trichomoniasis may prescribe, dispense, furnish, or otherwise provide prescription antibiotic drugs to the infected person’s sexual partner or partners for the treatment of the sexually transmissible disease without physical examination of the partner or partners…”
410 Ill. Comp. Stat. 325/6; see also 225 Ill. Comp. Stat. 60/64 (physicians); 225 Ill. Comp. Stat. 65/70-170 (nurses); and 225 Ill. Comp. Stat. 95/25 (physician assistants). (effective 1/1/2022)
|II. Specific judicial decisions concerning EPT (or like practices) (Explanation)|
|III. Specific administrative opinions by the Attorney General or medical or pharmacy boards concerning EPT (or like practices) (Explanation)||The Attorney General addressed whether non-licensed healthcare practitioners (nursing aids, orderlies, attendants) could dispense medications to patients. The AG concluded that only licensed practitioners (physicians or nurses) could administer medications. 1976 Op. Att’y Gen. Ill. 62*|
|IV. Laws that incorporate via reference guidelines as acceptable practices (including EPT) (Explanation)|
|V. Prescription requirements (Explanation)|| Prescription label must bear patient’s name. 225 Ill. Comp. Stat. 60/33; 225 Ill. Comp. Stat. 85/3(e).*
To sell or dispense a prescription drug without a prescription is prohibited. 410 Ill. Comp. Stat. 620/3.21*
|VI. Assessment of EPT’s legal status with brief comments (Explanation)||EPT is permissible. Statutory authority expressly authorizes EPT for the treatment of chlamydia gonorrhea, and trichomoniasis.|
* This legal authority predates the effective date of the state’s law that authorizes EPT.
Status as of January 1, 2022
supports the use of EPT
negatively affects the use of EPT
EPT is permissible
EPT is potentially allowable
EPT is prohibited
|EPT is permissible in 46 states:||EPT is potentially allowable in 4 states:||EPT is prohibited in 0 states:|
EPT is permissible in the District of Columbia.
EPT is permissible in the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands.
EPT is potentially allowable in Puerto Rico and Guam.
The information presented here is not legal advice, nor is it a comprehensive analysis of all the legal provisions that could implicate the legality of EPT in a given jurisdiction. The data and assessment are intended to be used as a tool to assist state and local health departments as they determine locally appropriate ways to control STDs.
For comments, feedback and updates, please contact CDC-INFO: https://www.cdc.gov/cdc-info/.