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Venomous Snake Resources


University of Florida/Florida Museum of Natural History – Guide to Florida’s Venomous Snakes

North Carolina State University Cooperative Extension: Snake Identifier

University of Florida IFAS Extension — Snakes


Alberts MB, Shalit M, LoGalbo F [2004]. Suction for venomous snakebite: A study of “mock venom” extraction in a human model. Ann Emerg Med, Vol. 43, No. 2, Feb, pp. 181-186. DOI: 10.1016/S0196064403008138

Anderson VE, Gerardo CJ, Rapp-Olsson M, Bush SP, Mullins ME, Greene S, Toschlog EA, Quackenbush E, Rose SR, Schwartz RB, Charlton NP, Lewis B, Kleinschmidt KC, Sharma K, Lavonas EJ [2018]. Early administration of fab antivenom resulted in faster limb recovery in copperhead snake envenomation patients. Clin Toxicol (Phila), Vol., Sep 3, pp. 1-6. doi: 10.1080/15563650.2018.1491982

Bush SP [2004]. Snakebite suction devices don’t remove venom: They just suck. Ann Emerg Med, Vol. 43, No. 2, Feb, pp. 187-188. DOI: 10.1016/S0196064403011041

Dart RC, McNally JT, Spaite DW, Gustafson R: The Sequelae of Pitviper Poisoning in the United States. In Campbell JA, Brodie ED, editors: Biology of the Pitvipers, Tyler TX, 1992, Selva, pages 369-382.

Gold BS, Dart RC, Barish RA [2002]. Bites of venomous snakes. N Engl J Med, Vol. 347, No. 5, Aug 1, pp. 347-356.

Kanaan NC, Ray J, Stewart M, Russell KW, Fuller M, Bush SP, Caravati EM, Cardwell MD, Norris RL, Weinstein SA [2015]. Wilderness medical society practice guidelines for the treatment of pitviper envenomations in the united states and canada. Wilderness Environ Med, Vol. 26, No. 4, Dec, pp. 472-487. DOI:10.1016/j.wem.2015.05.007

Langley RL, Morrow WE [1997]. Deaths resulting from animal attacks in the united states. Wilderness Environ Med, Vol. 8, No. 1, Feb, pp. 8-16.

Spyres MB, Ruha AM, Seifert S, Onisko N, Padilla-Jones A, Smith EA [2016]. Occupational snake bites: A prospective case series of patients reported to the toxic north american snakebite registry. J Med Toxicol, Vol. 12, No. 4, Dec, pp. 365-369. DOI: 10.1007/s13181-016-0555-7

Torpy JM, Schwartz LA, Golub RM [2012]. JAMA patient page. Snakebite. JAMA, Vol. 307, No. 15, Apr 18, p. 1657. DOI: 10.1001/jama.2012.433