Information for Health Care Workers
Each year, CDC collects information on hantavirus infections from state health departments in the United States through the Nationally Notifiable Disease Surveillance System (NNDSS). This information is published annually on the NNDSS Data and Statistics website. When a case of hantavirus infection is reported in the United States, CDC’s Viral Special Pathogens Branch (VSPB) collects data from the reporting states to better understand patterns, risk factors, and other aspects of hantavirus disease in the United States.
Hantavirus Case Definition
Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome (HPS), commonly referred to as hantavirus disease, is a febrile illness characterized by bilateral interstitial pulmonary infiltrates and respiratory compromise, while non-HPS hantavirus infection is a febrile illness with non-specific viral symptoms including fever, chills, myalgia, headache, and gastrointestinal symptoms, but no cardio-pulmonary symptoms. The National Notifiable Diseases Surveillance System (NNDSS) provides surveillance case definitions for both illnesses to help public health officials classify and count cases consistently across reporting jurisdictions.
- Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome (HPS) Case Definition (2015)
- Non-HPS hantavirus infection Clinical Case Definition (2015)
The CDC’s Viral Special Pathogens Branch (VSPB) performs a variety of diagnostic techniques for hantavirus infection. VSPB cannot accept specimens without prior consultation.
If hantavirus is confirmed, we request that you complete a Hantavirus Case Report Form pdf icon[PDF – 1 page]. This form is not required for submission of specimens.
State Health Departments
Please contact your state health department before sending specimens to CDC.
Testing at CDC is done only with prior consultation. Please call the CDC’s Emergency Operations Center at 770-488-7100 or email firstname.lastname@example.org for questions.
Individuals other than physicians or appropriate state health department employees
Private citizens may not submit specimens to CDC for testing. If you feel that diagnostic testing is necessary, consult your physician or state health department.