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Technical/Clinical Information

Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome (HPS) is a deadly disease from rodents. The Sin Nombre hantavirus, which can cause the disease HPS, was first recognized in 1993 and since has been identified throughout the United States. However, the description of Hantavirus disease traces back to 1951 where a hantavirus was identified as the cause for hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS). Hantaviruses were placed into the family Bunyaviridae and divided into two groups. More technical and clinical information on General Hantaviruses and HPS are provided in the categories below.

laboratory workers reviewing test results

General Hantavirus Technical/Clinical Information

The description of Hantavirus disease traces back to 1951. The virus belongs to the family Bunyaviridae and is divided into two groups of Old World and New World Hantaviruses. There are many Hantavirus strains that occur globally.

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Hantavirus Disease Information for Medical Providers

Dr. Aaron Kofman from CDC’s Viral Special Pathogens Branch discusses epidemiology, clinical presentation, diagnostic testing, and treatment of hantavirus infection in the United States.

HPS Technical/Clinical Information

In May 1993, an outbreak of unexplained illness appeared in the four corners region of the Southwestern United States. A newly identified virus, Sin Nombre, was shown to be the cause of Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome (HPS).

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Hantavirus Disease in the Four Corners: Information for Medical Providers

Dr. Aaron Kofman from CDC’s Viral Special Pathogens Branch discusses epidemiology, clinical presentation, diagnostic testing, and treatment of hantavirus infection in the Four Corners region of the United States (area where borders of Colorado, Utah, Arizona, and New Mexico meet and that mainly belongs to several Native American nations, including the Navajo Nation, Hopi, Ute, and Zuni tribal reserves and nations).

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