Should I Get Screened for Prostate Cancer?
Many men wonder if they should get screened for prostate cancer. Each man must decide for himself. That’s why it’s important for men to talk about screening (testing) with their doctor. This video helps men understand their prostate cancer screening options.
In 2018, the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) made the following recommendations about prostate cancer screeningExternal—
- Men who are 55 to 69 years old should make individual decisions about being screened for prostate cancer with a prostate specific antigen (PSA) test.
- Before making a decision, men should talk to their doctor about the benefits and harms of screening for prostate cancer, including the benefits and harms of other tests and treatment.
- Men who are 70 years old and older should not be screened for prostate cancer routinely.
This recommendation applies to men who—
- Are at average risk for prostate cancer.
- Are at increased risk for prostate cancer.
- Do not have symptoms of prostate cancer.
- Have never been diagnosed with prostate cancer.
Talk to Your Doctor
If you are thinking about being screened, you and your doctor should consider—
- If you have a family history of prostate cancer.
- If you are African-American.
- If you have other medical conditions that may make it difficult for you to be treated for prostate cancer if it is found, or that may make you less likely to benefit from screening.
- How you value the potential benefits and harms of screening, diagnosis, and treatment.
- For every 1,000 men between the ages of 55 and 69 years old who are screened, about 1 death will be prevented, and 3 men will be prevented from getting prostate cancer that spreads to other places in the body.
- Many men with prostate cancer never experience symptoms and, without screening, would never know they had the disease.
- Half of men who die from prostate cancer are 80 years old or older.
- U.S. Preventive Services Task Force Prostate Cancer Screening Final RecommendationExternal
- Understanding Prostate Changes: A Health Guide for MenExternal (National Cancer Institute)
- Prostate-Specific Antigen (PSA) TestExternal (National Cancer Institute)