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Information for Health Care Providers

Basic Infection Control and Prevention Plan for Outpatient Oncology Settings

Each year, about 650,000 cancer patients receive chemotherapy in an outpatient oncology clinic in the United States. Patients receiving chemotherapy are at risk for developing infections that may lead to hospitalization, disruptions in chemotherapy schedules, and even death. Neutropenia is recognized as the most serious hematologic toxicity during cancer treatment with chemotherapy.

Ongoing outbreaks and patient notifications in outpatient settings demonstrate the need for greater understanding and implementation of basic infection prevention guidance.

Outpatient oncology facilities can use the Basic Infection Control and Prevention Plan for Outpatient Oncology Settings to standardize and improve infection prevention practices. A pocket-sized quick reference guide to the Basic Infection Control and Prevention Plan for Outpatient Oncology Settings [PDF-1.6MB] is also available to order free of charge from CDC-INFO on Demand – Publications (select “Preventing Infections in Cancer Patients” from the drop-down programs button).

Basic Infection Control and Prevention Plan for Outpatient Oncology Settings

These documents include key policies and procedures outlined in CDC’s Guide to Infection Prevention in Outpatient Settings: Minimum Expectations for Safe Care that have been tailored to help outpatient oncology facilities meet minimum expectations for patient safety.

Research

Tai E, Guy GP, Dunbar A, Richardson LC. Cost of cancer-related neutropenia or fever hospitalizations, United States, 2012. Journal of Oncology Practice 2017;13(6):e552–e561.

Dunbar A, Tai E, Nielsen DB, Shropshire S, Richardson LC. Preventing infections during cancer treatment. Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing 2014;18(4):426–431.

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