On October 11, 2018, the New Jersey Department of Health notified CDC about a possible adenovirus outbreak at a nursing and rehabilitation center. CDC is providing technical assistance for testing and typing specimens and consultation on infection control. For the most recent updates on the outbreak in New Jersey, please visit the New Jersey Department of Health.
Outbreaks of adenovirus infection can occur throughout the year. They are usually associated with respiratory illnesses or conjunctivitis.
Reported sporadic cases and outbreaks of adenovirus have included:
- Adenovirus types 3, 4 and 7, which are most commonly associated with acute respiratory disease
- Adenovirus type 14, which since 2007 has been associated with outbreaks of acute respiratory illness among U.S. military recruits and the general public
- Adenovirus types 8, 19, 37, 53, and 54, which can cause epidemic keratoconjunctivitis
- Enteric adenovirus types 40 and 41, which cause gastroenteritis, usually in children
- Some adenoviruses (e.g., 4 and 7) that spread in bodies of water such as small lakes or swimming pools without adequate chlorine and can cause outbreaks of febrile disease with conjunctivitis
Health Professionals should
- Consider adenoviruses as possible causes of upper respiratory illness, and lower respiratory illness such as pneumonia
- Report unusual clusters of illness (e.g., respiratory, conjunctivitis) potentially caused by adenoviruses to the state or local health department
- Clinical Overview of Adenoviruses
- CDC. Notes from the Field: Fatalities Associated with Human Adenovirus Type 7 at a Substance Abuse Rehabilitation Facility — New Jersey, 2017. MMWR. 2018;67:371–372.
- CDC. Adenovirus-associated epidemic keratoconjunctivitis outbreaks — four states, 2008–2010. MMWR. 2013;62(32);637-41.
- James L, Vernon M, Jones R, et al. Outbreak of Human Adenovirus Type 3 Infection in a Pediatric Long-Term Care Facility—Illinois, 2005. Clinical Infectious Diseases. Volume 45, Issue 4, 15 August 2007, Pages 416–420.
- Page last reviewed: April 26, 2018
- Page last updated: November 7, 2018
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