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Outbreaks

  • Herwaldt BL. The ongoing saga of U.S. outbreaks of cyclosporiasis associated with imported fresh produce: what Cyclospora cayetanensis has taught us and what we have yet to learn. In: Institute of Medicine, ed. Addressing Foodborne Threats to Health: Policies, Practices, and Global Coordination. Washington, D.C.: The National Academies Press, 2006:85-115, 133-140.
  • Herwaldt BL. Cyclospora cayetanensis: a review, focusing on the outbreaks of cyclosporiasis in the 1990s. Clinical Infectious Diseases 2000; 31: 1040-57.

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Epidemiology

  • Lopez AS, Bendik JM, Alliance JY, Roberts JM, da Silva AJ, Moura IN, Arrowood MJ, Eberhard ML, Herwaldt BL. Epidemiology of Cyclospora cayetanensis and other intestinal parasites in a community in Haiti. Journal of Clinical Microbiology 2003; 41: 2047-54.
  • Bern C, Hernandez B, Lopez MB, de Mejia MA, de Merida AM, Hightower AW, Venczel L, Herwaldt BL, Klein RE. Epidemiologic studies of Cyclospora cayetanensis in Guatemala. Emerging Infectious Diseases 1999; 5: 766-74.
  • Madico G, McDonald J, Gilman RH, Cabrera L, Sterling CR. Epidemiology and treatment of Cyclospora cayetanensis infection in Peruvian children. Clinical Infectious Diseases 1997; 24: 977-81.

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General

  • Chacín-Bonilla L. Epidemiology of Cyclospora cayetanensis: a review focusing in endemic areas. Acta Tropica 2010;115:181-93.
  • Ortega YR, Sanchez R. Update on Cyclospora cayetanensis, a food-borne and waterborne parasite. Clinical Microbiology Reviews 2010;23:218-34.
  • Zimmer SM, Schuetz AN, Franco-Paredes C. Efficacy of nitazoxanide for cyclosporiasis in patients with sulfa allergy. Clinical Infectious Diseases 2007;44:466-7.
  • Connor BA, Johnson EJ, Soave R. Reiter syndrome following protracted symptoms of Cyclospora infection. Emerging Infectious Diseases 2001; 7: 453-4.
  • de Górgolas M, Fortes J, Fernandez-Guerrero ML. Cyclospora cayetanensis cholecystitis in a patient with AIDS. Annals of Internal Medicine 2001; 134: 166.
  • Herwaldt BL. Cyclospora cayetanensis: a review, focusing on the outbreaks of cyclosporiasis in the 1990s. Clinical Infectious Diseases 2000; 31: 1040-57.
  • Hoge CW, Shlim DR, Ghimire M, Rabold JG, Pandey P, Walch A, Rajah R, Gaudio P, Echeverria P. Placebo-controlled trial of co-trimoxazole for Cyclospora infections among travellers and foreign residents in Nepal. Lancet 1995; 345: 691-3.
  • Ortega YR, Sterling CR, Gilman RH, Cama VA, Diaz F. Cyclospora species – a new protozoan pathogen of humans. New England Journal of Medicine 1993; 328: 1308-12.

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Laboratory Diagnosis

  • Kimura K, Kumar Rai S, Takemasa K, Ishibashi Y, Kawabata M, Belosevic M, Uga S. Comparison of three microscopic techniques for diagnosis of Cyclospora cayetanensis. FEMS Microbiology Letters 2004; 238: 263-6.
  • Verweij JJ, Laeijendecker D, Brienen EA, van Lieshout L, Polderman AM. Detection of Cyclospora cayetanensis in travelers returning from the tropics and subtropics using microscopy and real-time PCR. International Journal of Medical Microbiology 2003;293:199-202.
  • Eberhard ML, Arrowood MJ. Cyclospora spp. Curr Opin Infect Dis 2002;15:519-22.
  • da Silva AJ, Bornay-Llinares FJ, Moura IN, Slemenda SB, Tuttle JL, Pieniazek NJ. Fast and reliable extraction of protozoan parasite DNA from fecal specimens. Molecular Diagnosis 1999; 4: 57-64.
  • Berlin OG, Peter JB, Gagne C, Conteas CN, Ash, LR. Autofluorescence and the detection of Cyclospora oocysts. Emerging Infectious Diseases 1998; 4: 127-8.
  • Visvesvara GS, Moura style="display:inline;" h, Kovacs-Nace E, Wallace S, Eberhard ML. Uniform staining of Cyclospora oocysts in fecal smears by a modified safranin technique with microwave heating. Journal of Clinical Microbiology 1997; 35: 730-3.

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Cyclosporiasis Fact Sheet [PDF - 955 KB]
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  • Page last updated: January 10, 2013
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