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National Survey of Family Growth

Key Statistics from the National Survey of Family Growth

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Sex education

Percentage of teens aged 15-19 years of age who report having received formal instruction before the age of 18 on "how to say no to sex," by sex and grade when they received instruction:

Did not receive
instruction
Received instruction and grade when first received instruction
1-5 6 7 8 9 10-12
Females, 20021 14.5%17.6%19.8%17.4%12.5%12.2%5.8%
Females, 2006-20102 11.4%15.7%16.4%20.0%14.3%15.9%6.3%
Females, 2011-20132 17.8%10.2%17.4%14.0%16.4%18.0%6.1%
Males, 20021 17.4%22.7%17.8%17.3%11.4%9.6%3.6%
Males, 2006-20102 17.5%18.3%14.9%16.2%13.4%13.2%6.0%
Males, 2011-20132 16.5%18.3%13.0%17.2%14.0%13.6%7.2%

Percentage of teens aged 15-19 years of age who report having received formal instruction before the age of 18 on "methods of birth control," by sex and grade when they received instruction:

Did not receive
instruction
Received instruction and grade when first received instruction
1-5 6 7 8 9 10-12
Females, 2006-20102 29.5%5.5%8.2%11.7%12.7%20.6%11.5%
Females, 2011-20132 39.5%1.9%8.0%8.5%10.0%20.3%11.6%
Males 20021 33.8%8.3%9.3%13.8%11.0%16.0%6.8%
Males 2006-20102 39.1%5.3%6.9%11.2%13.0%15.9%8.0%
Males 2011-20132 45.1%6.8%5.1%8.9%8.9%15.5%9.3%

Sources:

1Series 23, No. 24, Tables 26 and 27 [PDF - 2.2 MB]
2Special tabulations by NCHS
For more information on this topic see: Data Brief No. 44 [PDF - 1 MB]

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Sexual activity between females

2006-20101 2011-20132

Percentage of females 18-44 years of age who have ever had any sexual activity with a female partner

14.2%17.4%

Sources:

1Chandra A, Copen CE, Mosher WD. Sexual Behavior, Sexual Attraction, and Sexual Identity in the United States: Data from the 2006–2010 National Survey of Family Growth. In: Baumle AK (ed). International Handbooks of Population, International Handbook on the Demography of Sexuality. Volume VI: Springer Science and Business Media Dordrecht, 2013:45-66. (Available upon request at nsfg@cdc.gov)
2Special tabulations by NCHS


Sexual activity between males

Oral/anal sex between males

2006-2010 2011-2013
Percentage of males 15-44 years of age who have ever had oral or anal sex with another male 5.1%15.7%3
Percentage of males 15-44 years of age who have had oral or anal sex with another male in the last 12 months 2.1%23.1%3

Sources:

1Chandra A, Copen CE, Mosher WD. Sexual Behavior, Sexual Attraction, and Sexual Identity in the United States: Data from the 2006–2010 National Survey of Family Growth. In: Baumle AK (ed). International Handbooks of Population, International Handbook on the Demography of Sexuality. Volume VI: Springer Science and Business Media Dordrecht, 2013:45-66. (Available upon request at nsfg@cdc.gov)
2NHSR No. 46, Table 1[PDF - 188 KB]
3Special tabulations by NCHS

Oral sex between males

2006-20101 2011-20132
Percentage of males 15-44 years of age who have ever had oral sex with another male 5.0%5.5%

Sources:

1Chandra A, Copen CE, Mosher WD. Sexual Behavior, Sexual Attraction, and Sexual Identity in the United States: Data from the 2006–2010 National Survey of Family Growth. In: Baumle AK (ed). International Handbooks of Population, International Handbook on the Demography of Sexuality. Volume VI: Springer Science and Business Media Dordrecht, 2013:45-66. (Available upon request at nsfg@cdc.gov)
2Special tabulations by NCHS

Forced sex - males

20021 2006-20102
Percentage of men 18-44 years of age ever forced to have sex by another male 2.0% (1.1 million)1.6% (866,000)

(Based on the question): “At any time in your life, have you ever been forced by a male to have oral or anal sex against your will?”

Sources:

1Series 23, No. 26, Table 17 [PDF - 3.5 MB]
2Special tabulation by NCHS

Note: This item cannot be updated with sufficient statistical reliability using 2011-2013 data. It will be updated when 4 years of data are available, covering 2011-2015.

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Sexual activity between males and females

Vaginal sexual intercourse

Age at first sexual intercourse

20021 2006-20102 2011-20132
Mean age at first intercourse after menarche for women aged 15-44 17.4 years17.1 years17.2 years

Sources:

1Series 23, No. 25, Table 33 [PDF - 4.7 MB]
2Special tabulation by NCHS

20021 2006-20102 2011-20132
Mean age at first intercourse for men aged 15-44 17.0 years17.1 years16.8 years

Sources:

1Series 23, No. 26, Table 14 [PDF - 3.5 MB]
2Special tabulation by NCHS

Oral sex - males and females

Percentage of males and females 15-44 years of age in 2002, 2006-2010 and 2011-2013 who had ever had oral sex with an opposite-sex partner:

20021 2006-20102 2011-20133
Men 83.0%81.7%82.8%
Women 82.0%80.4%81.5%

Sources:

1NHSR No. 36, Table 5 and 6 [PDF - 603 KB]
2Chandra A, Copen CE, Mosher WD. Sexual Behavior, Sexual Attraction, and Sexual Identity in the
United States: Data from the 2006–2010 National Survey of Family Growth. In: Baumle AK (ed).
International Handbooks of Population, International Handbook on the Demography of Sexuality.
Volume VI: Springer Science and Business Media Dordrecht, 2013:45-66. (Available upon
request at nsfg@cdc.gov)
3Special tabulation by NCHS

Percentage of teenagers 15-19 years of age in 2006-2010 and 2011-2013 who have ever had oral sex with an opposite-sex partner:

2006-20101 2011-20132
Men 48.4% 51.2%
Women 46.3%47.4%

Sources:


1Chandra A, Copen CE, Mosher WD. Sexual Behavior, Sexual Attraction, and Sexual Identity in the United States: Data from the 2006–2010 National Survey of Family Growth. In: Baumle AK (ed). International Handbooks of Population, International Handbook on the Demography of Sexuality. Volume VI: Springer Science and Business Media Dordrecht, 2013:45-66. (Available upon request at nsfg@cdc.gov)
2Special tabulation by NCHS

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Anal sex - males and females

Percentage of males and females 15-44 years of age in 2002 and 2006-2010 who have ever had anal sex with an opposite-sex partner:

20021 2006-20102 2011-20133
Men 34.0%37.0%38.9%
Women 30.0%31.6%33.1%

Source:

1NHSR No. 36, Table 5 and 6 [PDF - 603 KB]
2Chandra A, Copen CE, Mosher WD. Sexual Behavior, Sexual Attraction, and Sexual Identity in the
United States: Data from the 2006–2010 National Survey of Family Growth. In: Baumle AK (ed).
International Handbooks of Population, International Handbook on the Demography of Sexuality.
Volume VI: Springer Science and Business Media Dordrecht, 2013:45-66. (Available upon
request at nsfg@cdc.gov)
3Special tabulation by NCHS

Sexual identity and attraction

Sexual identity for men and women 18-44 years of age

Females
2006-20101

Males
2006-20101

Females
2011-20132

Males
2011-20132

Heterosexual or straight 93.6%95.6%92.3%95.1%
Homosexual or gay (or lesbian) 1.2%1.8%1.3%1.9%
Bisexual 3.9%1.2%5.5%2.0%

Sources:

1Chandra A, Copen CE, Mosher WD. Sexual Behavior, Sexual Attraction, and Sexual Identity in the
United States: Data from the 2006–2010 National Survey of Family Growth. In: Baumle AK (ed).
International Handbooks of Population, International Handbook on the Demography of Sexuality.
Volume VI: Springer Science and Business Media Dordrecht, 2013:45-66. (Available upon
request through nsfg@cdc.gov)
2Special tabulation by NCHS

Sexual attraction for men and women 18-44 years of age

Only
opposite sex
Mostly
opposite sex
Equally
to both
Mostly
same sex
Only
same sex
Not sure
Females 2006-2010 82.8%12.1%2.9%0.7%0.8%0.7%
Females 2011-2013 81.0%12.9%3.2%0.8%0.8%1.2%
Males 2006-2010 93.3%3.5%0.7%0.7%1.3%0.4%

Males 2011-2013

92.1%4.1%0.8%0.8%1.5%0.7%

Note: Percentages may not add to 100 due to rounding.

Source:

Special tabulation by NCHS

STD/HIV risk

Number of males and females 15-44 years of age who reported an HIV risk-related behavior (sexual behavior, drug use, and/or STD treatment) in the last 12 months:

2002 2006-2010
Males 7.95 million6.5 million
Females 6.65 million4.9 million
TOTAL 14.60 million11.4 million


Percentage of males and females 15-44 years of age who reported an HIV risk-related behavior (sexual behavior, drug use, and/or STD treatment) in the last 12 months:

2002 2006-2010
Males 13.0%10.4%
Females 10.8%8.0%
Total 11.9%9.2%


Percentage of males and females 15-44 years of age reporting each behavior in the last 12 months (each behavior may increase an individual’s risk of HIV and other STDs; respondents could report more than one of these behaviors):

2002 2006-2010
Treatment for sexually transmitted diseases
(STDs) in the last 12 months
3.0%3.3%
Five or more opposite-sex partners 3.5%2.8%
Sex in exchange for money or drugs 2.3%1.0%
Having an HIV-positive sex partner 0.5%0.1%
Drug use1: Illicit drug injection or crack cocaine use 1.5%N/A
Sexual activity between males (males only) 2.7%2.1%
Women who had male partners who have sex with other males 2.3%1.4%
Any HIV risk-related behavior 11.9%9.2%

Source: NHSR No. 46, Table 1 [PDF - 343 KB]

Notes: 2006-2010 data include crystal methamphetamine use in this measure of drug use in last 12 months. Items related to STD/HIV risk cannot be updated with sufficient statistical reliability using 2011-2013 data. They will be updated when 4 years of data are available, covering 2011-2015.


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STD treatment/HIV testing

HIV testing

Percentage of men and women 15-44 years of age who have ever had an HIV test, not counting blood donation:

20021 2006-20101 2011-20132
Men 46.5%41.9%46.5%
Women 55.3%59.1%62.0%

Sources:

1NHSR No. 58, Table 1 [PDF - 422 KB]
2
Special tabulation by NCHS

Percentage of men and women 15-44 years of age who had an HIV test (not counting blood donation) in the last 12 months:

20021 2006-20101 2011-20132
Men 15.0%13.0%16.2%
Women 20.0%21.4%22.4%

Sources:

1NHSR No. 58, Figure 1, Figure 2 and Table 3 [PDF - 422 KB]
2NCHS DB No. 202, Figure 1 [PDF - 684 KB]

Percentage of men and women 15-44 years of age who had an HIV test outside of blood donation by whether they engaged in an HIV risk-related behavior in the last 12 months, 2006-2010:

Engaged in 1 or more risk-related behaviors in last 12 months Engaged in no HIV risk-related behaviors in last 12 months
Men 33.5%10.6%
Women 43.0%19.7%

Source:
NHSR No. 58, Table 4 [PDF - 422 KB]

Note: This item cannot be updated with sufficient statistical reliability using 2011-2013 data. It will be updated when 4 years of data are available, covering 2011-2015.

STD treatment

Percentage of men and women 15-44 years of age who received treatment for sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) other than HIV in the last 12 months among men and women 15-44 years of age:

2002 2006-2010
Total (men and women) 3.0%3.3%
Women 3.4%4.1%
Men 2.6%2.6%

Source: NHSR No. 46, Table 1 [PDF - 343 KB]

Note: This item cannot be updated with sufficient statistical reliability using 2011-2013 data. It will be updated when 4 years of data are available, covering 2011-2015.

Sterilization (female)

Percentage ever having a female sterilization operation

Percentage of women 15-44 years of age in 2002, 2006-2010 and 2011-2013who have had a sterilizing operation, by type of operation:

2002 2006-2010 2011-2013
Tubal sterilization 16.2%15.0%14.6%
Hysterectomy 4.1%3.7%3.1%
Other operations 2.5%2.2%2.3%

Source: Special tabulation by NCHS

Main reason for operation

Among women 15-44 years of age in 2006-2010 who had tubal sterilizations within the past 5 years, percent distribution by main reason for the tubal sterilization:

2006-2010
She had all the children she wanted 63.7%
Her husband or partner had all the children he wanted 4.5%
Medical reasons for the tubal sterilization 23.8%
Problems with other methods of birth control 3.0%
Other reasons 5.1%

Note: This item cannot be updated with sufficient statistical reliability using 2011-2013 data. It will be updated when 4 years of data are available, covering 2011-2015.

Among women 15-44 years of age in 2006-2010 who had hysterectomies within the past 5 years, percent distribution by main reason for the hysterectomy:

2006-2010
She had all the children she wanted 2.1%
Medical reasons for the hysterectomy 96.2%
Other reasons 1.7%

Source: Special tabulation by NCHS

Note: This item cannot be updated with sufficient statistical reliability using 2011-2013 data. It will be updated when 4 years of data are available, covering 2011-2015.

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Contact Us:
  • National Survey of Family Growth Staff
    Division of Vital Statistics
    National Center for Health Statistics
    3311 Toledo Road
    Hyattsville, MD 20782-2064
  • (301) 458-4222
  • NSFG@cdc.gov
  • Page last reviewed: November 6, 2015
  • Page last updated: August 12, 2015
  • Content source: CDC/National Center for Health Statistics
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