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Wireless Substitution: Early Release of Estimates From the National Health Interview Survey, January - June 2008

by Stephen J. Blumberg, Ph.D., and Julian V. Luke, Division of Health Interview Statistics, National Center for Health Statistics

 

Table 1

 

Table 1a. Percent distribution of household telephone status, by date of interview, for households: United States, January 2005-June 2008
    Household telephone status  
Date of interview   Landline households with a wireless telephone Landline households without a wireless telephone Landline households with unknown wireless telephone status Nonlandline households with unknown wireless telephone status Wireless-only households Phoneless households Total
  Number of households (unweighted) Percent of households
January-June 2005 18,301 42.4 34.4 13.2 0.8 7.3 1.9 100.0
July-December 2005 20,088 42.6 32.4 13.8 0.8 8.4 1.9 100.0
January-June 2006 16,009 45.6 30.9 10.3 0.7 10.5 2.0 100.0
July-December 2006 13,056 44.3 29.6 10.2 0.8 12.8 2.2 100.0
January-June 2007 1 15,996 58.9 23.8 1.7 0.1 13.6 1.9 100.0
July-December 2007 1 13,083 58.8 21.8 1.3 0.1 15.8 2.2 100.0
January-June 2008 16,070 58.5 20.6 0.9 0.0 17.5 2.5 100.0
95% confidence interval2   57.11 - 59.86 19.35 - 21.91 0.71 - 1.16 0.02 - 0.09 16.58 - 18.40 2.11 - 2.91  

See footnotes at end of table 1c.

 

Table 1b. Percent distribution of household telephone status, by date of interview, for adults: United States, January 2005-June 2008
    Household telephone status  
Date of interview   Landline households with a wireless telephone Landline households without a wireless telephone Landline households with unknown wireless telephone status Nonlandline households with unknown wireless telephone status Wireless-only households Phoneless households Total
  Number of adults (unweighted) Percent of adults
January-June 2005 34,047 46.1 31.5 13.5 0.7 6.7 1.6 100.0
July-December 2005 37,622 46.4 29.7 13.9 0.7 7.7 1.7 100.0
January-June 2006 29,842 49.5 28.2 10.4 0.6 9.6 1.8 100.0
July-December 2006 24,473 48.1 27.3 10.5 0.7 11.8 1.7 100.0
January-June 2007 1 29,982 63.3 20.8 1.7 0.1 12.6 1.6 100.0
July-December 2007 1 24,514 63.2 19.1 1.2 0.1 14.5 1.9 100.0
January-June 2008 30,150 63.0 17.9 0.8 0.0 16.1 2.1 100.0
95% confidence interval2   61.64 - 64.36 16.69 - 19.22 0.62 - 1.03 0.02 - 0.09 15.29 - 17.01 1.80 - 2.43  

See footnotes at end of table 1c.

 

Table 1c. Percent distribution of household telephone status, by date of interview, for children: United States, January 2005-June 2008
    Household telephone status  
Date of interview   Landline households with a wireless telephone Landline households without a wireless telephone Landline households with unknown wireless telephone status Nonlandline households with unknown wireless telephone status Wireless-only households Phoneless households Total
  Number of children (unweighted) Percent of children
January-June 2005 12,903 49.3 27.0 15.8 0.7 5.8 1.5 100.0
July-December 2005 13,883 50.5 23.9 15.2 0.9 7.6 1.8 100.0
January-June 2006 11,670 53.4 23.8 11.5 0.9 8.6 1.9 100.0
July-December 2006 9,165 51.9 21.5 11.9 0.9 11.6 2.3 100.0
January-June 2007 1 11,532 68.3 16.4 1.6 0.0 11.9 1.7 100.0
July-December 2007 1 9,122 68.5 13.8 1.1 0.0 14.4 2.1 100.0
January-June 2008 11,238 67.3 12.6 0.6 0.0 17.0 2.5 100.0
95% confidence interval2   65.28 - 69.23 11.13 - 14.13 0.40 - 0.93 0.01 - 0.10 15.76 - 18.35 1.97 - 3.18  

 

0.0. Quantity more than zero but less than 0.05.

1 Questionnaire changes that occurred in 2007 should be considered when evaluating recent trends in household telephone status. See text for more information about these changes.

2 Confidence intervals refer to the time period January-June 2008.

DATA SOURCE: National Health Interview Survey, January 2005-June 2008. Data are based on household interviews of a sample of the civilian noninstitutionalized population.

 

Table 2

 

Table 2a. Percentage of adults living in wireless-only households, by race/ethnicity and by calendar half-years: United States, January 2005-June 2008
  Calendar half-year  
Race/ethnicity Jan-Jun 2005 Jul-Dec 2005 Jan-Jun 2006 Jul-Dec 2006 Jan-Jun 2007 1 Jul-Dec 2007 1 Jan-Jun 2008 95% confidence interval2
  Percent  
Hispanic or Latino, any race(s) 8.5 11.2 11.2 15.3 18.0 19.3 21.6 (19.72 - 23.61)
Non-Hispanic white, single race 6.5 6.9 9.0 10.8 11.3 12.9 14.6 (13.55 - 15.69)
Non-Hispanic black, single race 6.6 8.5 10.5 12.8 14.3 18.3 18.5 (16.93 - 20.09)
Non-Hispanic Asian, single race 5.3 6.7 10.2 11.8 10.6 12.1 16.5 (13.89 - 19.49)
Non-Hispanic other, single race *11.1 *8.0 9.8 17.2 22.8 17.5 12.8 (8.07 - 19.85)
Non-Hispanic multiple race 8.1 11.5 15.4 14.6 17.3 22.8 22.3 (16.82 - 28.98)

See footnotes at end of table 2k.

 

Table 2b. Percentage of adults living in wireless-only households, by age and by calendar half-years: United States, January 2005-June 2008
  Calendar half-year  
Age Jan-Jun 2005 Jul-Dec 2005 Jan-Jun 2006 Jul-Dec 2006 Jan-Jun 2007 1 Jul-Dec 2007 1 Jan-Jun 2008 95% confidence interval2
  Percent  
18-24 years 16.6 17.5 22.6 25.2 27.9 30.6 31.4 (28.50 - 34.36)
25-29 years 16.5 19.8 22.3 29.1 30.6 34.5 35.7 (33.34 - 38.21)
30-44 years 6.5 7.8 9.4 12.4 12.6 15.5 19.1 (17.93 - 20.34)
45-64 years 3.2 3.7 5.3 6.1 7.1 8.0 9.2 (8.45 - 10.04)
65 years and over 0.9 1.2 1.3 1.9 2.0 2.2 2.8 (2.29 - 3.47)

See footnotes at end of table 2k.

 

Table 2c. Percentage of adults living in wireless-only households, by sex and by calendar half-years: United States, January 2005-June 2008
  Calendar half-year  
Age Jan-Jun 2005 Jul-Dec 2005 Jan-Jun 2006 Jul-Dec 2006 Jan-Jun 2007 1 Jul-Dec 2007 1 Jan-Jun 2008 95% confidence interval2
  Percent  
Male 7.5 8.6 10.7 13.1 13.8 15.9 18.0 (16.94-19.01)
Female 6.0 6.9 8.5 10.5 11.5 13.2 14.4 (13.62-15.28)

See footnotes at end of table 2k.

 

Table 2d. Percentage of adults living in wireless-only households, by education and by calendar half-years: United States, January 2005-June 2008
  Calendar half-year  
Education Jan-Jun 2005 Jul-Dec 2005 Jan-Jun 2006 Jul-Dec 2006 Jan-Jun 2007 1 Jul-Dec 2007 1 Jan-Jun 2008 95% confidence interval2
  Percent  
Some high school or less 6.7 8.0 8.3 12.9 14.6 15.4 16.1 (14.63-17.78)
High school graduate or GED3 6.9 7.6 9.6 10.6 11.8 13.4 15.2 (14.07-16.34)
Some post-high school, no degree 8.2 9.4 11.9 14.4 14.7 17.0 19.0 (17.46-20.58)
4-year college degree or higher 5.5 6.3 8.5 10.1 10.8 12.7 14.3 (12.97-15.71)

See footnotes at end of table 2k.

 

Table 2e. Percentage of adults living in wireless-only households, by employment status last week and by calendar half-years: United States, January 2005-June 2008
  Calendar half-year  
Employment Status Last Week Jan-Jun 2005 Jul-Dec 2005 Jan-Jun 2006 Jul-Dec 2006 Jan-Jun 2007 1 Jul-Dec 2007 1 Jan-Jun 2008 95% confidence interval2
  Percent  
Working at a job or business 8.0 9.2 11.6 13.9 15.0 16.6 19.0 (18.02-20.07)
Keeping house 5.1 6.1 7.1 8.6 9.5 12.8 12.6 (10.97-14.46)
Going to school 10.8 15.5 17.3 20.4 21.3 28.9 21.5 (16.41-27.74)
Something else (incl. unemployed) 3.6 3.7 4.2 6.2 6.4 7.6 8.9 (7.99-9.82)

See footnotes at end of table 2k.

 

Table 2f. Percentage of adults living in wireless-only households, by household structure and by calendar half-years: United States, January 2005-June 2008
  Calendar half-year  
Household Structure Jan-Jun 2005 Jul-Dec 2005 Jan-Jun 2006 Jul-Dec 2006 Jan-Jun 2007 1 Jul-Dec 2007 1 Jan-Jun 2008 95% confidence interval2
  Percent  
Adult living alone 11.2 12.3 16.2 18.2 20.3 22.9 24.6 (22.72-26.61)
Unrelated adults, no children 36.0 33.6 44.2 54.0 55.3 56.9 63.1 (51.28-73.47)
Related adults, no children 5.3 5.9 7.1 8.5 9.8 11.0 12.5 (11.49-13.49)
Adult(s) with children 5.4 7.0 8.6 10.5 11.3 13.0 15.1 (14.07-16.25)

See footnotes at end of table 2k.

 

Table 2g. Percentage of adults living in wireless-only households, by household poverty status and by calendar half-years: United States, January 2005-June 2008
  Calendar half-year  
Household poverty status4 Jan-Jun 2005 Jul-Dec 2005 Jan-Jun 2006 Jul-Dec 2006 Jan-Jun 2007 1 Jul-Dec 2007 1 Jan-Jun 2008 95% confidence interval2
  Percent  
Poor 11.8 14.2 15.8 22.4 21.6 27.4 26.0 (23.04-29.15)
Near poor 10.8 12.7 14.4 15.7 18.5 20.8 22.6 (20.44-24.95)
Not poor 6.2 7.0 9.4 11.3 10.6 11.9 14.2 (13.24-15.12)

See footnotes at end of table 2k.

 

Table 2h. Percentage of adults living in wireless-only households, by geographic region and by calendar half-years: United States, January 2005-June 2008
  Calendar half-year  
Geographic Region5 Jan-Jun 2005 Jul-Dec 2005 Jan-Jun 2006 Jul-Dec 2006 Jan-Jun 2007 1 Jul-Dec 2007 1 Jan-Jun 2008 95% confidence interval2
  Percent  
Northeast 4.1 4.7 7.2 8.6 8.8 10.0 9.8 (8.47-11.33)
Midwest 7.2 8.8 10.2 11.4 14.0 15.3 17.8 (15.83-19.86)
South 7.6 9.6 11.4 14.0 14.9 17.1 19.6 (18.07-21.14)
West 7.0 6.2 7.8 11.0 10.9 12.9 13.7 (12.28-15.36)

See footnotes at end of table 2k.

 

Table 2i. Percentage of adults living in wireless-only households, by metropolitan statistical area status and by calendar half-years: United States, January 2005-June 2008
  Calendar half-year  
Metropolitan Statistical Area Status Jan-Jun 2005 Jul-Dec 2005 Jan-Jun 2006 Jul-Dec 2006 Jan-Jun 2007 1 Jul-Dec 2007 1 Jan-Jun 2008 95% confidence interval2
  Percent  
Metropolitan 7.7 8.7 10.3 12.7 13.7 15.5 17.5 (16.53-18.53)
Not metropolitan 4.1 5.1 7.0 8.0 8.4 10.0 10.9 (9.52-12.42)

See footnotes at end of table 2k.

 

Table 2j. Percentage of adults living in wireless-only households, by home ownership status and by calendar half-years: United States, January 2005-June 2008
  Calendar half-year  
Home Ownership Status6 Jan-Jun 2005 Jul-Dec 2005 Jan-Jun 2006 Jul-Dec 2006 Jan-Jun 2007 1 Jul-Dec 2007 1 Jan-Jun 2008 95% confidence interval2
  Percent  
Owned or being bought 3.1 3.8 5.1 5.8 6.7 7.3 9.0 (8.32-9.77)
Renting 16.7 19.3 22.5 26.4 28.2 30.9 33.6 (31.57-35.70)
Other arrangement 10.7 8.4 10.7 *20.3 22.5 23.2 23.4 (17.89-29.87)

See footnotes at end of table 2k.

 

Table 2k. Number of adults living in wireless-only households, by calendar half-years: National Health Interview Survey, January 2005-June 2008
  Calendar half-year  
  Jan-Jun 2005 Jul-Dec 2005 Jan-Jun 2006 Jul-Dec 2006 Jan-Jun 2007 1 Jul-Dec 2007 1 Jan-Jun 2008 95% confidence interval2
  Number  
Number of wireless-only adults in survey sample (unweighted) 2,263 2,918 2,804 2,878 3,819 3,558 4,939  

 

* Estimate has a relative standard error greater than 30% and does not meet NCHS standards for reliability.

1 Questionnaire changes that occurred in 2007 should be considered when evaluating recent trends in household telephone status. See text for more information about these changes.

2Confidence intervals refer to the time period January-June 2008.

3 GED is General Educational Development high school equivalency diploma.

4 Poverty status is based on household income and household size using the U.S. Census Bureau's poverty thresholds. "Poor" persons are defined as those below the poverty threshold. "Near poor" persons have incomes of 100% to less than 200% of the poverty threshold. "Not poor" persons have incomes of 200% of the poverty threshold or greater. Early Release estimates stratified by poverty are based only on the reported income and may differ from similar estimates produced later that are based on both reported and imputed income. NCHS imputes income when income is unknown, but the imputed income file is not available until a few months after the annual release of NHIS microdata. For households with multiple families, household income and household size were calculated as the sum of the multiple measures of family income and family size.

5 In the geographic classification of the U.S. population, states are grouped into the following four regions used by the U.S. Census Bureau. Northeast includes Maine, Vermont, New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Connecticut, Rhode Island, New York, New Jersey, and Pennsylvania. Midwest includes Ohio, Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Wisconsin, Minnesota, Iowa, Missouri, North Dakota, South Dakota, Kansas, and Nebraska. South includes Delaware, Maryland, District of Columbia, West Virginia, Virginia, Kentucky, Tennessee, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Florida, Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, Oklahoma, Arkansas, and Texas. West includes Washington, Oregon, California, Nevada, New Mexico, Arizona, Idaho, Utah, Colorado, Montana, Wyoming, Alaska, and Hawaii.

6 For households with multiple families, home ownership status was determined by considering the reported home ownership status for each family. If any family reported owning the home, than the household level variable was classified as "owned or being bought" for all persons living in the household. If one family reported renting the home and another family reported "other arrangements," then the household level variable was classified as "other arrangement" for all persons living in the household.

 

Table 3

 

Table 3a. Percentage of adults living in landline households with wireless telephones, by proportions of calls received on wireless telephones, by total and by calendar half-years: United States, July 2007-June 2008
  July-December 2007 January-June 2008  
  Receive some or very few calls on wireless phones1 Receive all or nearly all calls on wireless phones1 Receive some or very few calls on wireless phones Receive all or nearly all calls on wireless phones 95% confidence interval2
  Percent  
Total 48.6 14.0 48.0 14.4 (13.59-15.32)

See footnotes at end of table 3l.

 

Table 3b. Percentage of adults living in landline households with wireless telephones, by proportions of calls received on wireless telephones, by race/ethnicity and by calendar half-years: United States, July 2007-June 2008
  July-December 2007 January-June 2008  
Race/Ethnicity Receive some or very few calls on wireless phones1 Receive all or nearly all calls on wireless phones1 Receive some or very few calls on wireless phones Receive all or nearly all calls on wireless phones 95% confidence interval2
  Percent  
Hispanic or Latino, any race(s) 41.1 14.5 38.9 16.0 (14.13-18.16)
Non-Hispanic white, single race 51.7 13.2 50.6 14.2 (13.23-15.18)
Non-Hispanic black, single race 39.7 15.1 43.5 13.3 (11.62-15.16)
Non-Hispanic Asian, single race 50.5 20.3 49.7 16.4 (13.84-19.39)
Non-Hispanic other single race 40.7 *8.6 37.1 *10.1 (4.94-19.40)
Non-Hispanic multiple race 37.8 19.7 41.1 17.7 (11.55-26.12)

See footnotes at end of table 3l.

 

Table 3c. Percentage of adults living in landline households with wireless telephones, by proportions of calls received on wireless telephones, by age and by calendar half-years: United States, July 2007-June 2008
  July-December 2007 January-June 2008  
Age Receive some or very few calls on wireless phones1 Receive all or nearly all calls on wireless phones1 Receive some or very few calls on wireless phones Receive all or nearly all calls on wireless phones 95% confidence interval2
  Percent  
18-24 years 35.8 18.2 35.6 19.2 (16.30-22.36)
25-29 years 31.6 19.7 32.2 17.3 (15.58-19.13)
30-44 years 49.5 17.3 46.8 18.2 (16.94-19.47)
45-64 years 56.9 13.0 56.4 13.8 (12.76-14.80)
65 years or more 49.6 3.9 50.9 4.4 (3.72-5.24)

See footnotes at end of table 3l.

 

Table 3d. Percentage of adults living in landline households with wireless telephones, by proportions of calls received on wireless telephones, by sex and by calendar half-years: United States, July 2007-June 2008
  July-December 2007 January-June 2008  
Sex Receive some or very few calls on wireless phones1 Receive all or nearly all calls on wireless phones1 Receive some or very few calls on wireless phones Receive all or nearly all calls on wireless phones 95% confidence interval2
  Percent  
Male 48.1 14.3 46.8 14.9 (13.92-15.85)
Female 49.2 13.6 49.1 14.0 (13.19-14.91)

See footnotes at end of table 3l.

 

Table 3e. Percentage of adults living in landline households with wireless telephones, by proportions of calls received on wireless telephones, by education and by calendar half-years: United States, July 2007-June 2008
  July-December 2007 January-June 2008  
Education Receive some or very few calls on wireless phones1 Receive all or nearly all calls on wireless phones1 Receive some or very few calls on wireless phones Receive all or nearly all calls on wireless phones 95% confidence interval2
  Percent  
Some high school or less 37.7 8.7 39.3 10.0 (8.63-11.61)
High school graduate or GED3 46.1 12.7 46.4 12.5 (11.45-13.63)
Some post-high school, no degree 49.6 16.6 48.2 17.0 (15.43-18.81)
4-year college degree or higher 58.3 16.2 56.0 17.1 (15.87-18.36)

See footnotes at end of table 3l.

 

Table 3f. Percentage of adults living in landline households with wireless telephones, by proportions of calls received on wireless telephones, by employment status last week and by calendar half-years: United States, July 2007-June 2008
  July-December 2007 January-June 2008  
Employment Status Last Week Receive some or very few calls on wireless phones1 Receive all or nearly all calls on wireless phones1 Receive some or very few calls on wireless phones Receive all or nearly all calls on wireless phones 95% confidence interval2
  Percent  
Working at a job or business 49.9 16.8 48.7 17.3 (16.40-18.25)
Keeping house 52.9 10.4 50.2 11.9 (10.33-13.72)
Going to school 37.2 20.4 39.9 25.2 (16.24-36.92)
Something else (incl. unemployed) 46.4 6.7 46.7 6.6 (5.88-7.45)

See footnotes at end of table 3l.

 

Table 3g. Percentage of adults living in landline households with wireless telephones, by proportions of calls received on wireless telephones, by household structure and by calendar half-years: United States, July 2007-June 2008
  July-December 2007 January-June 2008  
Household Structure Receive some or very few calls on wireless phones1 Receive all or nearly all calls on wireless phones1 Receive some or very few calls on wireless phones Receive all or nearly all calls on wireless phones 95% confidence interval2
  Percent  
Adult living alone 27.9 10.7 27.8 10.1 (8.61-11.84)
Unrelated adults, no children 13.0 20.1 10.0 *15.4 (7.70-28.39)
Related adults, no children 53.6 12.1 53.1 12.8 (11.81-13.91)
Adult(s) with children 53.1 17.2 51.6 18.1 (16.81-19.41)

See footnotes at end of table 3l.

 

Table 3h. Percentage of adults living in landline households with wireless telephones, by proportions of calls received on wireless telephones, by household poverty status and by calendar half-years: United States, July 2007-June 2008
  July-December 2007 January-June 2008  
Household Poverty Status4 Receive some or very few calls on wireless phones1 Receive all or nearly all calls on wireless phones1 Receive some or very few calls on wireless phones Receive all or nearly all calls on wireless phones 95% confidence interval2
  Percent  
Poor 24.2 8.6 22.4 10.8 (7.33-15.64)
Near poor 36.0 11.4 39.3 10.3 (8.41-12.59)
Not poor 57.0 15.9 54.8 17.1 (16.18-18.15)

See footnotes at end of table 3l.

 

Table 3i. Percentage of adults living in landline households with wireless telephones, by proportions of calls received on wireless telephones, by geographic region and by calendar half-years: United States, July 2007-June 2008
  July-December 2007 January-June 2008  
Geographic Region5 Receive some or very few calls on wireless phones1 Receive all or nearly all calls on wireless phones1 Receive some or very few calls on wireless phones Receive all or nearly all calls on wireless phones 95% confidence interval2
  Percent  
Northeast 52.4 11.7 53.0 13.8 (11.98-15.89)
Midwest 48.0 13.3 47.6 12.6 (10.70-14.85)
South 46.4 14.3 46.6 14.6 (13.39-16.00)
West 49.9 15.9 46.7 16.4 (14.62-18.32)

See footnotes at end of table 3l.

 

Table 3j. Percentage of adults living in landline households with wireless telephones, by proportions of calls received on wireless telephones, by metropolitan statistical area status and by calendar half-years: United States, July 2007-June 2008
  July-December 2007 January-June 2008  
Metropolitan Statistical Area Status Receive some or very few calls on wireless phones1 Receive all or nearly all calls on wireless phones1 Receive some or very few calls on wireless phones Receive all or nearly all calls on wireless phones 95% confidence interval2
  Percent  
Metropolitan 48.1 14.7 46.5 15.0 (14.06-16.06)
Not metropolitan 51.0 10.9 53.5 12.1 (10.67-13.80)

See footnotes at end of table 3l.

 

Table 3k. Percentage of adults living in landline households with wireless telephones, by proportions of calls received on wireless telephones, by home ownership status and by calendar half-years: United States, July 2007-June 2008
  July-December 2007 January-June 2008  
Home Ownership Status6 Receive some or very few calls on wireless phones1 Receive all or nearly all calls on wireless phones1 Receive some or very few calls on wireless phones Receive all or nearly all calls on wireless phones 95% confidence interval2
  Percent  
Owned or being bought 57.8 14.0 57.2 14.7 (13.83-15.69)
Renting 29.0 13.8 26.9 13.9 (12.16-15.86)
Other arrangement 33.9 14.1 30.8 14.8 (10.50-20.46)

See footnotes at end of table 3l.

 

Table 3l. Number of adults living in wireless-only households, by proportions of calls received on wireless telephones, by home ownership status and by calendar half-years: United States, July 2007-June 2008
  July-December 2007 January-June 2008  
  Receive some or very few calls on wireless phones1 Receive all or nearly all calls on wireless phones1 Receive some or very few calls on wireless phones Receive all or nearly all calls on wireless phones 95% confidence interval2
  Number  
Number of adults in survey sample who live in landline households with wireless telephones (unweighted) 11,779 3,435 14,187 4,302  

 

* Estimate has a relative standard error greater than 30% and does not meet NCHS standards for reliability.

1 The percentage of adults living in landline households with wireless telephones (see Table 1) is equal to the sum of the percentage of adults in households that receive some or very few calls on wireless phones and the percentage of adults in households that receive all or nearly all calls on wireless phones.

2 Confidence intervals refer to the estimate of the percentage of adults living in households that receive all or nearly all calls on wireless telephones, for the time period January-June 2008.

3 GED is General Educational Development high school equivalency diploma.

4 Poverty status is based on household income and household size using the U.S. Census Bureau's poverty thresholds. "Poor" persons are defined as those below the poverty threshold. "Near poor" persons have incomes of 100% to less than 200% of the poverty threshold. "Not poor" persons have incomes of 200% of the poverty threshold or greater. Early Release estimates stratified by poverty are based only on the reported income and may differ from similar estimates produced later that are based on both reported and imputed income. NCHS imputes income when income is unknown, but the imputed income file is not available until a few months after the annual release of NHIS microdata. For households with multiple families, household income and household size were calculated as the sum of the multiple measures of family income and family size.

5 In the geographic classification of the U.S. population, states are grouped into the following four regions used by the U.S. Census Bureau. Northeast includes Maine, Vermont, New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Connecticut, Rhode Island, New York, New Jersey, and Pennsylvania. Midwest includes Ohio, Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Wisconsin, Minnesota, Iowa, Missouri, North Dakota, South Dakota, Kansas, and Nebraska. South includes Delaware, Maryland, District of Columbia, West Virginia, Virginia, Kentucky, Tennessee, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Florida, Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, Oklahoma, Arkansas, and Texas. West includes Washington, Oregon, California, Nevada, New Mexico, Arizona, Idaho, Utah, Colorado, Montana, Wyoming, Alaska, and Hawaii.

6 For households with multiple families, home ownership status was determined by considering the reported home ownership status for each family. If any family reported owning the home, than the household level variable was classified as "owned or being bought" for all persons living in the household. If one family reported renting the home and another family reported "other arrangements," then the household level variable was classified as "other arrangement" for all persons living in the household.

DATA SOURCE: National Health Interview Survey, July 2007-June 2008. Data are based on household interviews of a sample of the civilian noninstitutionalized population.

 

Table 4

 

Table 4a. Prevalence rates (and 95% confidence intervals) for selected measures of health-related behaviors for adults 18 years of age and over, by household telephone status: United States, January-June 2008
  Household telephone service
Health-related behaviors Landline household1 Wireless-only household Phoneless household
  Percent (95% confidence interval)
Five or more alcoholic drinks in 1 day at least once in past year2 17.2 (16.15-18.27) 37.7 (35.28-40.17) 20.9 (15.98-26.92)
Current smoker3 18.4 (17.31-19.48) 30.2 (27.89-32.56) 40.4 (33.97-47.26)
Engaged in regular leisure-time physical activity4 30.2 (28.89-31.60) 35.6 (33.09-38.18) 23.9 (19.05-29.48)

See footnotes at end of table 4e.

 

Table 4b. Prevalence rates (and 95% confidence intervals) for selected measures of health status for adults 18 years of age and over, by household telephone status: United States, January-June 2008
  Household telephone service
Health Status Landline household1 Wireless-only household Phoneless household
  Percent (95% confidence interval)
Health status described as excellent or very good5 60.5 (59.13-61.83) 66.0 (63.72-68.30) 46.6 (39.67-53.71)
Experienced serious psychological distress in past 30 days6 2.8 (2.40-3.23) 3.8 (2.92-4.97) 4.5 (2.49-8.09)
Obese (adults 20 years of age or older)7 27.4 (26.31-28.51) 25.6 (23.53-27.86) 25.0 (19.54-31.38)
Asthma episode in the past year8 3.3 (2.89-3.81) 4.5 (3.66-5.58) 4.8 (2.89-7.90)
Ever diagnosed with diabetes9 8.7 (8.10-9.39) 4.5 (3.55-5.67) 8.7 (6.07-12.21)

See footnotes at end of table 4e.

 

Table 4c. Prevalence rates (and 95% confidence intervals) for selected measures of health care service use for adults 18 years of age and over, by household telephone status: United States, January-June 2008
  Household telephone service
Health Care Service Use Landline household1 Wireless-only household Phoneless household
  Percent (95% confidence interval)
Received influenza vaccine during past year10 35.7 (34.47-36.90) 19.2 (17.48-21.08) 20.8 (16.30-26.19)
Ever been tested for HIV11 35.8 (34.40-37.13) 49.3 (46.71-51.95) 43.6 (37.24-50.26)

See footnotes at end of table 4e.

 

Table 4d. Prevalence rates (and 95% confidence intervals) for selected measures of health care access use for adults 18 years of age and over, by household telephone status: United States, January-June 2008
  Household telephone service
Health Care Access Landline household1 Wireless-only household Phoneless household
  Percent (95% confidence interval)
Has a usual place to go for medical care12 87.5 (86.48-88.37) 69.9 (67.49-72.15) 63.0 (55.19-70.20)
Failed to obtain needed medical care in past year due to financial barriers13 6.5 (5.99-7.15) 14.0 (12.48-15.68) 17.7 (13.32-23.11)
Currently uninsured14 13.6 (12.58-14.68) 28.3 (25.96-30.86) 36.3 (29.73-43.32)

See footnotes at end of table 4e.

 

Table 4e. Number of adults adults 18 years of age and over, by household telephone status: United States, January-June 2008
  Household telephone service
  Landline household1 Wireless-only household Phoneless household
Number of adults in survey sample (unweighted) 9,792 2,479 323

 

* Estimate has a relative standard error greater than 30% and does not meet NCHS standards for reliability.

1 In this analysis, landline households include households that also have wireless telephone service.

2 A year is defined as the 12 months prior to the interview. The analyses excluded adults with unknown alcohol consumption (about 2% of respondents each year).

3 Current smokers were defined as those who smoked more than 100 cigarettes in their lifetime and now smoke every day or some days. The analyses excluded persons with unknown smoking status (about 1% of respondents each year).

4 Regular leisure-time physical activity is defined as engaging in light-moderate leisure-time physical activity for greater than or equal to 30 minutes at a frequency greater than or equal to five times per week or engaging in vigorous leisure-time physical activity for greater than or equal to 20 minutes at a frequency greater than or equal to three times per week. Persons who were known to have not met the frequency recommendations are classified as "not regular," regardless of duration. The analyses excluded persons with unknown physical activity participation (about 3% of respondents each year).

5 Health status data were obtained by asking respondents to assess their own health and that of family members living in the same household as excellent, very good, good, fair, or poor. The analyses excluded persons with unknown health status (about 0.5% of respondents each year).

6 Six psychological distress questions are included in the NHIS. These questions ask how often during the past 30 days a respondent experienced certain symptoms of psychological distress (feeling so sad that nothing could cheer you up, nervous, restless or fidgety, hopeless, worthless, that everything was an effort). The response codes of the six items for each person are summed to yield a scale with a 0-to-24 range. A value of 13 or more for this scale indicates that at least one symptom was experienced "most of the time" and is used here to define serious psychological distress.

7 Obesity is defined as a Body Mass Index (BMI) of 30 kg/m2 or more. The measure is based on self-reported height and weight. The analyses excluded people with unknown height or weight (about 4% of respondents each year).

8 Information on an episode of asthma or asthma attack during the past year is self-reported by adults aged 18 years and over. A year is defined as the 12 months prior to the interview. The analyses excluded people with unknown asthma episode status (about 0.3% of respondents each year).

9 Prevalence of diagnosed diabetes is based on self-report of ever having been diagnosed with diabetes by a doctor or other health professional. Persons reporting "borderline" diabetes status and women reporting diabetes only during pregnancy were not coded as having diabetes in the analyses. The analyses excluded persons with unknown diabetes status (about 0.1% of respondents each year).

10 Receipt of flu shots and receipt of nasal spray flu vaccinations were included in the calculation of flu vaccination estimates. Responses to the flu vaccination questions cannot be used to determine when the subject received the flu vaccination during the 12 months preceding the interview. In addition, estimates are subject to recall error, which will vary depending on when the question is asked because the receipt of a flu vaccination is seasonal. The analyses excluded those with unknown flu vaccination status (about 1% of respondents each year).

11 Individuals who received HIV testing solely as a result of blood donation were considered as not having been tested for HIV. The analyses excluded those with unknown human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) test status (about 4% of respondents each year).

12 The usual place to go for medical care does not include a hospital emergency room. The analyses excluded persons with an unknown usual place to go for medical care (about 0.6% of respondents each year).

13 A year is defined as the 12 months prior to the interview. The analyses excluded persons with unknown responses to the question on failure to obtain needed medical care due to cost (about 0.5% of respondents each year).

14 A person was defined as uninsured if he or she did not have any private health insurance, Medicare, Medicaid, State Children's Health Insurance Program (SCHIP), state-sponsored or other government-sponsored health plan, or military plan at the time of the interview. A person was also defined as uninsured if he or she had only Indian Health Service coverage or had only a private plan that paid for one type of service such as accidents or dental care. The data on health insurance status were edited using an automated system based on logic checks and keyword searches. The analyses excluded persons with unknown health insurance status (about 1% of respondents each year).

DATA SOURCE: National Health Interview Survey, January-June 2008. Data are based on household interviews of a sample of the civilian noninstitutionalized population.

 

 
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