Web, print, and other resources for partners and the public
- FDA NARMS
FDA coordinates NARMS and leads the retail meat testing portion of the NARMS program
- USDA NARMS
USDA leads the food animal sampling portion of the NARMS program
- Interagency NARMS Executive Reports
- CDC NARMS Human Isolates Reports
- FDA NARMS Retail Meat Reports
- USDA NARMS Food Animal Reports
A new interactive tool from CDC makes it easier and quicker to find out how antibiotic resistance for four bacteria transmitted commonly through food – Campylobacter, E. coli O157, Salmonella, and Shigella – has changed over the past 20 years.
- Each year, antibiotic-resistant infections from foodborne germs cause an estimated 430,000 illnesses in the United States.
- Ensuring that our food is safe includes tracking the spread of antibiotic resistant infections between people, the food they eat, and sources of our food supply.
- Learn more about antibiotic resistance and food safety.
CDC and Antimicrobial Resistance
- CDC’s Antibiotic/Antimicrobial Resistance Main Page
Part of CDC’s mission is to track the emergence of antimicrobial-resistant microorganisms and to limit their spread. This site gives information about what CDC is doing and what everyone can do to help combat antimicrobial resistance.
- Interagency Task Force on Antimicrobial Resistance (ITFAR)
ITFAR was created in 1999 to coordinate the activities of federal agencies in addressing antimicrobial resistance in recognition of the increasing importance of antimicrobial resistance as a public health threat.
- Public Health Action Plan to Combat Antimicrobial Resistance
The Action Plan is a blueprint for specific, coordinated federal actions to address the growing threat of antimicrobial resistance in the United States.
- Get Smart: Know When Antibiotics Work
This campaign aims to reduce the rising rate of antimicrobial resistance by promoting adherence to appropriate prescribing and usage guidelines.
- Get Smart for Healthcare: Know When Antibiotics Work
This program focuses on improving antibiotic use in inpatient healthcare facilities, starting with hospitals and then expanding to long-term care facilities.
- Get Smart: Know When Antibiotics Work on the Farm
This program promoted appropriate antibiotic use in veterinary medicine and animal agriculture.
Antimicrobial Resistance Education
- Antimicrobial Resistance Learning Site for Veterinary Students (AMRLS)
This website is an open-source learning resource regarding antimicrobial use and antimicrobial resistance in animal agriculture and veterinary medicine.
- Animation of Antimicrobial Resistance, FDA Center for Veterinary Medicine (CVM)
This video explains how antimicrobial resistance emerges and proliferates among bacteria and how resistance complicates doctors’ efforts to select the appropriate drugs to treat patients with infections.
- National Veterinary Accreditation Program Learning Module on Antibiotic Use in Animals
This educational module was developed for USDA by the Center for Food Security and Public Health at Iowa State University. It contains information on: selection of antibiotics for veterinary use, descriptions of antibiotic susceptibility testing methods, lists of agencies involved in regulating antibiotics, and more.
International and Consensus Organizations
- Codex ad hoc Intergovernmental Task Torce on Antimicrobial Resistance
This task force developed science-based guidelines to assess the risk to human health associated with non-human use of antimicrobials and to provide advice on risk management activities to reduce such risk.
- Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI) Subcommittee on Antimicrobial Susceptibility Testing
CLSI is an international, voluntary, nonprofit, interdisciplinary standards-setting and education organization. The CLSI Subcommittee on Antimicrobial Susceptibility Testing reviews a variety of data to develop antimicrobial susceptibility test methods, interpretive criteria and quality control parameters for use in clinical laboratories.
- World Health Organization Advisory Group on Integrated Surveillance of Antimicrobial Resistance (WHO-AGISAR)
AGISAR is an international group of experts that advises WHO on integrated surveillance of antimicrobial resistance and the containment of food-related antimicrobial resistance.
- Global Foodborne Infections Network (GFN)
The Global Foodborne Infections Network (GFN) equips countries to better detect and control foodborne and other enteric infections through increased capacity for integrated laboratory-based surveillance, and collaboration among human, veterinary, and food sectors.
- Transatlantic Taskforce on Antimicrobial Resistance (TATFAR)
The objectives of this task force are to increase the mutual understanding of US and EU activities and programs relevant to the antimicrobial resistance issues. The main outcome of the taskforce is a report, including a set of recommendationsfor future cooperation in the global fight to keep antimicrobials effective.
- World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE)
This is an intergovernmental organization responsible for improving animal health worldwide.
New! OIE List of Antimicrobial Agents of Veterinary Importance [PDF - 9 pages]. Find recent recommendations from OIE on the use of fluroquinolones and the third and fourth generation cephalosporins in animals on page 4.
- The European Surveillance of Veterinary Antimicrobial Consumption (ESVAC)
This project collects information on how antimicrobial medicines are used in animals across the European Union (EU). This type of information is essential to identify possible risk factors that could lead to the development and spread of antimicrobial resistance in animals.
- European Committee on Antimicrobial Susceptibility Testing (EUCAST)
EUCAST is a standing committee that deals with breakpoints and technical aspects of phenotypic in vitro antimicrobial susceptibility testing.
- European Food Safety Agency (EFSA)
EFSA is a Biological Monitoring Unit that monitors and analyzes the situation on antimicrobial resistance in food and animals across Europe.
- European Antimicrobial Resistance Surveillance Network (EARS-Net)
This is a European wide network of national surveillance systems, providing European reference data on antimicrobial resistance for public health purposes.
- Canadian Integrated Program for Antimicrobial Resistance Surveillance (CIPARS)
This program monitors trends in antimicrobial use and antimicrobial resistance in selected bacterial organisms from human, animal, and food sources across Canada.
- Colombian Integrated Program for Antimicrobial Resistance Surveillance (COIPARS) (In Spanish)
This program maintains information on resistant bacteria from humans, animals, and animal products and monitors trends in antimicrobial resistance.
- Danish Integrated Antimicrobial Resistance Monitoring and Research Programme (DANMAP)
This program conducts surveillance of antimicrobial consumption and resistance in bacteria from animals, food, and humans.
- Norwegian Veterinary Institute, Report of Usage of Antimicrobial Agents and Occurrence of Antimicrobial Resistancein Norway
This national health registry collects data about antibiotic resistance of bacterial isolates from animals and humans to determine the incidence and prevalence of antibiotic resistance and monitor changes over time.
- Swedish Veterinary Antimicrobial Resistance Monitoring Programme (SVARM)
This program monitors and analyzes the development of antimicrobial resistance in bacteria from animals and in bacteria from food of animal origin. Results are published in a yearly report.
CDC Foodborne Illnesses and Food Safety Websites
- Division of Foodborne, Waterborne, and Environmental Diseases (DFWED)
The mission of DFWED is to better understand emerging, reemerging, and drug-resistant bacterial, parasitic, and mycotic pathogens and to discover the pathways they use to make people sick.
- Enteric Diseases Epidemiology Branch (EDEB)
This Branch is CDC’s lead epidemiology and surveillance group for tracking pathogens and identifying sources for bacterial enteric (intestinal) infections transmitted by food and other routes.
- Enteric Diseases Epidemiology Branch Publications
This link will take you to a collection of peer-reviewed journal articles and MMWR articles about enteric diseases.
- Enteric Diseases Laboratory Branch (EDLB)
This Branch is CDC’s lead laboratory group for characterizing and tracking enteric (gastrointestinal) and foodborne bacterial pathogens.
- Estimates of Foodborne Illness in the US
The 2011 estimates provide the most accurate picture yet of which foodborne bacteria, viruses, microbes (“pathogens”) are causing the most illnesses in the United States, as well as estimating the number of foodborne illnesses without a known cause.
- CDC Expert Commentaries on Medscape
These Medscape videos are designed to deliver CDC’s authoritative guidance on a varitey of topics, including foodborne illness, outbreaks, and foods to avoid or handle correctly.
- CDC and Food Safety
This website is a hub for CDC’s activities and programs that support food safety.
- Food Safety Ads & Social Media and Food Safety Print Materials
These links provide access to food safety-related ads, buttons, badges, and fact sheets .
- Foodborne Illness Surveillance, Response and Data Systems
This hub for CDC’s foodborne illness surveillance systems contains descriptions and links to reports.
- Outbreak Response and Prevention Branch (ORPB)
This Branch is CDC’s lead group for ensuring rapid and coordinated surveillance, detection, and response to multistate outbreaks of foodborne disease.