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  • Falls Among Persons Aged ≥65 Years With and Without Severe Vision Impairment — United States, 2014

    	The figure above is a photograph showing an older man using a walker with a yellow “fall risk” bracelet on his wrist.May 6, 2016
    Vision impairment is closely linked with falls, which occur frequently among older adults and often cause long-term disabilities. In 2014, approximately 2.8 million persons aged ≥65 years reported severe vision impairment. CDC analyzed data from the 2014 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System to estimate the state-specific annual prevalence of falls among persons aged ≥65 years with and without self-reported severe vision impairment. Based on the analysis, an estimated 1.3 million older adults with severe vision impairment likely had a fall in 2014.

  • Notes from the Field: Assessment of Health Facilities for Control of Canine Rabies — Gondar City, Amhara Region, Ethiopia, 2015

    	The figure above is a photograph showing an Ethiopian boy standing next to two dogs.May 6, 2016
    An estimated 2,771 human deaths from canine rabies occur annually (95% confidence interval = 1,116–12,660) in Ethiopia. Annual rabies-associated livestock losses are estimated at more than $50 million (USD), making rabies important to both human and animal health. In January 2015, CDC, in collaboration with Ohio State University, the University of Gondar, and the Ethiopian Public Health Institute, developed an integrated bite-case management pilot program in the city of Gondar.


Surveillance Summaries

Recommendations and Reports

  • CDC Guideline for Prescribing Opioids for Chronic Pain — United States, 2016

    MARCH 18, 2016
    This guideline provides recommendations for primary care providers who are prescribing opioids for chronic pain outside of active cancer treatment, palliative care, and end-of-life care. The guideline addresses 1) when to initiate or continue opioids for chronic pain; 2) opioid selection, dosage, duration, follow-up, and discontinuation; and 3) assessing risk and addressing harms of opioid use. This guideline is intended to improve communication between providers and patients about the risks and benefits of opioid therapy for chronic pain, improve the safety and effectiveness of pain treatment, and reduce the risks associated with long-term opioid therapy, including abuse, dependence, overdose, and death.


  • Development of the Community Health Improvement Navigator Database of Interventions

    FEBRUARY 26, 2016
    This report describes the development of the database of interventions included in the Community Health Improvement Navigator, released by CDC in 2015. The database allows the user to easily search for multisector, collaborative, evidence-based interventions to address the underlying causes of the greatest morbidity and mortality in the United States: tobacco use and exposure, physical inactivity, unhealthy diet, high cholesterol, high blood pressure, diabetes, and obesity. Hospital administrators can use the CHI Navigator’s database of interventions to select and implement evidence-based interventions that have been effective in similar communities with similar collaborators to develop plans to address problems identified in the triennial community health needs assessment, in alignment with the IRS requirements for tax-exempt status.

Notifiable Diseases